Irish language
Irish (Gaeilge), sometimes referred to as Irish Gaelic or just Gaelic, is a Goidelic language of the Indo-European languages family, originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people....
Irish language - Wikipedia
History of the Irish language
The history of the Irish language covers the period from the arrival of speakers of Celtic languages in Ireland to Ireland's earliest known form of Irish, Archaic Irish, which is found in Ogham inscri...
History of the Irish language - Wikipedia
Irish phonology
The phonology of the Irish language varies from dialect to dialect; there is no standard pronunciation of Irish. Therefore, this article focuses on phenomena that pertain generally to most or all dial...
Irish phonology - Wikipedia
Irish grammar
This article discusses the grammar of the Irish language.The morphology of Irish is in some respects typical of an Indo-European language. Nouns are declined for number and case, and verbs for person ...
Irish syntax
Irish syntax is rather different from that of most Indo-European languages, especially because of its VSO word order.
The normal word order in an Irish sentence is:Only the verb and subject are ob...
Irish declension
The declension of Irish nouns, the definite article, and the adjectives is discussed on this page. (For pronouns, see Irish morphology.)
Nouns in Irish are divided into two genders, masculine and ...
Irish conjugation
Irish verb forms are constructed either synthetically or analytically.Synthetic forms express the information about person and number in the ending: e.g., molaim "I praise", where the ending -aim stan...
Irish initial mutations
Irish, like all modern Celtic languages, is characterized by its initial consonant mutations. These mutations affect the initial consonant of a word under specific morphological and syntactic conditio...
Irish orthography
Irish orthography has evolved over many centuries, since Old Irish was first written down in the Latin alphabet in about the 8th century AD. Prior to that, Primitive Irish was written in Ogham. Irish ...
Irish orthography - Wikipedia
Munster Irish
Munster Irish is the dialect of the Irish language spoken in the province of Munster. Gaeltacht regions in Munster are found in the Dingle Peninsula Gaeltacht of west Kerry, in the Iveragh Peninsula i...
Munster Irish - Wikipedia
Connacht Irish
Connacht Irish is the dialect of the Irish language spoken in the province of Connacht. Gaeltacht regions in Connacht are found in Counties Mayo (notably Tourmakeady, Achill Island and Erris) and Galw...
Connacht Irish - Wikipedia
Ulster Irish
Ulster Irish is the dialect of the Irish language spoken in the Province of Ulster. It "occupies a central position in the Gaelic world made up of Ireland, Scotland and the Isle of Man". Ulster Irish ...
Ulster Irish - Wikipedia
Gaeltacht
Gaeltacht (/ˈɡeɪltəxt/; [ˈɡeːl̪ˠt̪ˠəxt̪ˠ] or [ˈɡeːl̪ˠhəxt̪ˠ]; plural Gaeltachtaí) is an Irish-language word which is used to denote an Irish-speaking region.In Ireland, the term refers individually to...
Gaeltacht - Wikipedia
Irish language in Northern Ireland
The Irish language (also known as Irish Gaelic) (Irish: Gaeilge) is a recognised minority language in Northern Ireland. The dialect spoken there is known as Ulster Irish.According to the 2001 Cens...
Irish language in Northern Ireland - Wikipedia
Irish language outside Ireland
The Irish language originated in Ireland and was historically the dominant language of the Irish people. They took it with them to a number of other countries. In Scotland and the Isle of Man it gave ...
Irish language outside Ireland - Wikipedia
Ogham
Ogham /ˈɒɡəm/ (Modern Irish [ˈoːmˠ] or [ˈoːəmˠ]; Old Irish: ogam [ˈɔɣamˠ]) is an Early Medieval alphabet used primarily to write the early Irish language (in the so-called "orthodox" inscriptions,...
Ogham - Wikipedia
List of Irish exonyms
This is list of Irish language exonyms for places outside Ireland.
This list includes sovereign states and other territories, alongside some of their capitals, major settlements and/or subdivision...
Place names in Irish
The vast majority of placenames in Ireland are anglicisations of Irish language names; that is, adaptations of the Irish names to English phonology and spelling. However, some names come directly from...
Place names in Irish - Wikipedia