Zhou Dynasty
The Zhou dynasty (c. 1046 – 256 BC; Chinese: 周朝; pinyin: Zhōu Cháo; Wade–Giles: Chou Ch'ao [tʂóʊ tʂʰɑ̌ʊ]) was a Chinese dynasty that followed the Shang dynasty and preced...
Zhou Dynasty - Wikipedia
Shang Dynasty
The Shang dynasty (Chinese: 商朝; pinyin: Shāng cháo) or Yin dynasty (Chinese: 殷代; pinyin: Yīn dài), according to traditional historiography, ruled in the Yellow River valley in the sec...
Shang Dynasty - Wikipedia
Battle of Muye
The Battle of Muye (also known as the Battle of Mu; Chinese: 牧野之戰; pinyin: Mùyě zhī zhàn) was fought in circa 1046 BCE in China. The battle led to the end of the Shang dynasty, and the beginni...
Western Zhou
The Western Zhou period (1046–771 BC) was the first half of the Zhou dynasty of ancient China. It began when King Wu of Zhou overthrew the Shang dynasty at the Battle of Muye.The dynasty was successf...
Li (Confucian)
Li (trad. 禮, simp. 礼, pinyin lǐ ) is a classical Chinese word which finds its most extensive use in Confucian and post-Confucian Chinese philosophy. Li encompasses not a definitive object but ra...
Qin Dynasty
The Qin dynasty (Chinese: 秦朝; pinyin: Qín Cháo; [tɕʰǐn tʂʰɑ̌ʊ̯]) was the first imperial dynasty of China, lasting from 221 to 206 BC. The dynasty was formed after the conquest of s...
Qin Dynasty - Wikipedia
Ancient Chinese states
Ancient Chinese States (simplified Chinese: 诸侯; traditional Chinese: 諸侯; pinyin: Zhūhóu) were typified by variously sized city states and territories that existed in China prior to its uni...
Lüshi Chunqiu
The Lüshi Chunqiu (Lü-shih Ch'un-ch'iu) is an encyclopedic Chinese classic text compiled around 239 BCE under the patronage of the Qin Dynasty Chancellor Lü Buwei. In the evaluation of Michael Carson ...
Three Huans
The Three Huan (Chinese: 三桓; pinyin: Sān Huán) refers to three noble clans, all descendants of Duke Huan of Lu, in the State of Lu, which dominated the government affairs, displacing the power...
Four occupations
The four occupations or "four categories of the people" (simplified Chinese: 士农工商; traditional Chinese: 士農工商 ) was a hierarchic social class structure developed in ancient China by either Conf...
Four occupations - Wikipedia
Prince of Wu
King or Prince of Wu (Chinese: 吳王, 吴王, Wúwáng) was an ancient and medieval Chinese title referring to ruler of the area originally controlled by the Gou Wu tribes around Wuxi on the lower Yangtze,...
Prince of Wu - Wikipedia
Haojing
Hao or Haojing (Chinese: 鎬京; pinyin: Hàojīng), also called Zongzhou (宗周), was one of the two settlements comprising the capital of the Western Zhou dynasty (1066-770 BCE), the other being Fēng...
Lu (state)
Lu (Chinese: 魯國; pinyin: Lǔ Guó, circa 1042–249 BC) was a vassal state during the Zhou dynasty of ancient China. Founded in the 11th century BC, its rulers were from a cadet branch of the Hou...
Lu (state) - Wikipedia
The Methods of the Sima
The Methods of the Sima (simplified Chinese: 司马法; traditional Chinese: 司馬法; pinyin: Sīmǎ Fǎ, also known as The Marshal's Art of War) is a text discussing laws, regulations, government poli...
Wei Liaozi
The Wei Liaozi (simplified Chinese: 尉缭子; traditional Chinese: 尉繚子; pinyin: Wèi Liáozi) is a text on military strategy, one of the Seven Military Classics of ancient China. It was written ...
He zun
The He zun (何尊) is an ancient Chinese ritual bronze vessel of the zun shape. It is more than 2,700 years old from the era of Western Zhou, and famous as the oldest artifact with the written character...
He zun - Wikipedia
Mozi
Mozi (Chinese: 墨子; pinyin: Mòzǐ; Wade–Giles: Mo Tzu, Lat. as Micius, ca. 470 BC – ca. 391 BC), original name Mo Di (墨翟), was a Chinese philosopher during the Hundred Schools of Though...
Mozi - Wikipedia
Lü (state)
Lü (simplified Chinese: 吕; traditional Chinese: 呂; pinyin: Lǚ) was a Zhou dynasty vassal state in present-day central China in the early years of the Spring and Autumn period (722-481 BC)....
Sui (state)
The State of Suí (simplified Chinese: 随国; traditional Chinese: 隨國; pinyin: Suí Guó) was a Zhou Dynasty vassal state located in Hubei Province, China during the Spring and Autumn and Warrin...
Six Secret Teachings
The Six Secret Teachings (simplified Chinese: 六韬; traditional Chinese: 六韜; pinyin: Liù Tāo), is a treatise on civil and military strategy traditionally attributed to Lü Shang (aka Jiang Zi...
Battle of Yanling
The Battle of Yanling (Chinese: 鄢陵之戰) was fought in 575 BC between the states of Chu and Jin at Yanling during the Spring and Autumn Period of ancient China. On the Jin side, Xi Qi (郤錡) commanded ...
Knife money
Knife money is the name of large, cast, bronze, knife-shaped commodity money produced by various governments and kingdoms in what is now known as China, approximately 2500 years ago. Knife money circ...
Knife money - Wikipedia
Confucius
Confucius (/kənˈfjuːʃəs/; 551–479 BC) was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history.The philosophy of Confucius emphasized personal and ...
Confucius - Wikipedia