Xia Dynasty
The Xia dynasty (Chinese: 夏朝; pinyin: Xià Cháo; Wade–Giles: Hsia-Ch'ao; [ɕiâ tʂʰɑ̌ʊ̯]; c. 2070 – c. 1600 BC) is the first dynasty in China to be described in ancient historical chronicles ...
Gun (Chinese)
Gun (simplified Chinese: 鲧; traditional Chinese: 鯀; pinyin: gǔn; Wade–Giles: Khun; Jyutping: Gwan2) was a figure in Chinese mythology, sometimes noted as the father of Yu the Great...
Great Flood (China)
The Great Flood of China (Chinese: 大洪水; pinyin: Dà Hóngshuǐ, or just traditional Chinese: 洪水), also known as the Gun-Yu myth) was a major flood event that continued for at least two generati...
Yu the Great
Yu the Great (Chinese: 大禹; pinyin: Dà Yǔ, c. 2200 – 2100 BC) was a legendary ruler in ancient China famed for his introduction of flood control, inaugurating dynastic rule in China by founding...
Xia Shang Zhou Chronology Project
The Xia–Shang–Zhou Chronology Project (Chinese: 夏商周断代工程; pinyin: Xià Shāng Zhōu Duàndài Gōngchéng) was a multi-disciplinary project commissioned by the People's Republic of China in 1996 to de...
Nine Provinces (China)
The term Nine Provinces (Chinese: 九州; pinyin: Jiǔ Zhōu) is used in ancient Chinese histories to refer to territorial divisions or islands during the Xia and Shang dynasties, and has now come t...
Mang of Xia
Máng (芒) was a king of ancient China, the ninth ruler of the semi-legendary Xia Dynasty. He possibly ruled 18 years. He was also known as Huang (荒).
Máng’s father was King Huai of Xia, son of the ...
Erlitou culture
The Erlitou culture (simplified Chinese: 二里头文化; traditional Chinese: 二里頭文化; pinyin: Èrlǐtóu Wénhuà) is an Early Bronze Age urban society and archaeological culture that existed in China fr...
Tai (city)
Tai (Chinese: 邰 or 斄, Tái) was a former settlement in China during the Xia dynasty. It was located at the site of present-day Wugong in Shaanxi.It was the ancestral home of the Ji clan, the future dyn...
Ji Ju
Ju (Chinese: 鞠) was a noble of the Xia.Born Ji Ju (姬鞠), he is reported as having abandoned the agriculture of his father Buzhu and grandfather Houji in favor of the animal husbandry practiced by ...
Battle of Mingtiao
The Battle of Mingtiao was a legendary battle between the Xia dynasty and the Shang dynasty, resulting in a Shang victory which created the circumstances for the elevation of the Duke of Shang to the ...
Qi of Xia
Qi (Chinese: 啓 / 启) was a Chinese emperor, the son of Yu the Great and the second sovereign of the Xia Dynasty. He ruled for approximately nine or ten years.
Yu married Nu Jiao and stayed at h...
Nine Tripod Cauldrons
The Nine Tripod Cauldrons (Chinese: 九鼎, Jǐu Dǐng) were ancient Chinese ritual cauldrons. They were ascribed to the foundation of the Xia (c. 2200 BCE) by Yu the Great, using tribute ...
Gao Yao (minister)
Gao Yao (simplified Chinese: 皋陶; traditional Chinese: 臯陶; pinyin: Gao Yao; Wade–Giles: Kao Yao) was the Minister for Law of Emperor Shun in prehistorical China according to tradition. ...
Jin of Xia
Jǐn (廑) was a king of China, the 13th ruler of the semi-legendary Xia Dynasty. His other name is Yinjia (胤甲).
Jin probably ruled for about 21 years. His father was King Jiong of Xia and his name m...
Xi Zhong
Xi Zhong (Chinese: 奚仲) was a legendary Xia dynasty minister credited in traditional Chinese sources with the invention of the chariot during the 2nd millennium BC. Modern archaeological evidence ...
Great Flood (of China)
The Great Flood of China (Chinese: 大洪水; pinyin: Dà Hóngshuǐ, or just traditional Chinese: 洪水), also known as the Gun-Yu myth) was a major flood event that continued for at least two generati...
Kong Jia
Kǒng Jiǎ (孔甲) was a king of ancient China, the 14th ruler of the semi-legendary Xia dynasty. He possibly ruled 31 years.
Kong Jia was a son of King Bù Jiàng and unknown woman and grandson of King ...
Mount Tai earthquake
Mount Tai earthquake (泰山震) is the first earthquake recorded in history. It occurred at Mount Tai during the 7th year of reign of King Fa from Xia dynasty circa 2205 and 1600 BCE. It was mentioned br...
Gao of Xia
Gāo (Chinese: 皋) was an ancient king of China, the 15th ruler of the semi-legendary Xia Dynasty. He possibly ruled 11 years.In the 3rd year of his regime, Gao restored the power of Tunwei, the noblema...
Fa of Xia
Emperor Fa (Chinese: 發) was the 16th ruler of the Xia Dynasty, father of the infamous Jie who brought the dynasty to its end.His given name was Houjin (后敬).
Fa was a son of the King Gao of Xia and...
Buzhu
Buzhu or Buku (Chinese: 不窋) was a legendary noble during the Xia dynasty in China, he was the son of the Xia minister of agriculture, Houji, and inherited his father's position under the Xia king Kong...
Bu Jiang
Bu Jiang (不降) was a king of ancient China, the 11th ruler of the semi-legendary Xia Dynasty. He ruled 59 years.
Bu Jiang was a son of King Xie of Xia and his consort and thus a grandson of King Má...
Jiong of Xia
Jiong (Chinese: 扃; pinyin: Jiōng) was a Chinese king, the 12th ruler of the semi-legendary Xia Dynasty.
Jiōng was a son of King Xie of Xia and his spouse and thus a grandson of Máng and br...
Jie of Xia
King Jie (Chinese: 桀; pinyin: Jié 1728–1675 BCE) was the 17th and last ruler of the Xia dynasty of China. He is traditionally regarded as a tyrant and oppressor who brought about the collapse ...
Huai of Xia
Huai (Chinese: 槐) was the eighth king of the semi-legendary Xia dynasty of ancient China, who possibly ruled 44 years. His other name is Fen (芬).Huai got his throne in the year of Wuzi (戊子), after...
Houyi
Houyi (后羿), formerly romanized as Hou-i, was a mythological Chinese archer. He was also known as Shenyi and simply as Yi (羿). He is sometimes portrayed as a god of archery descended from heaven to ai...