Welfare state in the United Kingdom
The Welfare State comprises expenditures by the government of the United Kingdom intended to improve health, education, employment and social security. The British system has been classified as a libe...
Health and Social Care in Northern Ireland
Health and Social Care in Northern Ireland (HSC) is the designation of the publicly funded service responsible for the administration of the public health and other social care services in Northern Ir...
Irish Poor Laws
The Irish Poor Laws were a series of Acts of Parliament intended to address social instability due to widespread and persistent poverty in Ireland. While some legislation had been introduced by the pr...
National Health Service
The four publicly funded health care systems in the countries of the United Kingdom are referred to as the National Health Service (NHS).The systems are primarily funded through central taxation. The...
Scottish Poor Laws
The Scottish Poor Laws were the statutes concerning poor relief passed in Scotland between 1579 and 1929. Scotland had a different Poor Law system to England and the workings of the Scottish laws diff...
Local Government (Scotland) Act 1929
The Local Government (Scotland) Act 1929 (19 & 20 Geo 5 c. 25) reorganised local government in Scotland from 1930, introducing joint county councils, large and small burghs and district councils. ...
Free school meal
A free school meal is a school meal provided to a child or young person during a school break. Very few countries provide this to all school children regardless of their ability to pay.
Sweden, Fi...
Trinity House of Leith
Trinity House, 99 Kirkgate, is a category A listed building in Leith, Edinburgh, Scotland, which was a guild hall, customs house, and centre for maritime administration and poor relief. In the Late Mi...
National Health Service Act 1946
The National Health Service Act 1946 came into effect on 5 July 1948 and created the National Health Service in England and Wales. Though the title 'National Health Service' implies a single health se...
Temporary Relief Act
The Temporary Relief Act also known as the Soup Kitchen Act was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed in February 1847. The Act allowed the establishment of soup kitchens in Ireland to...
Belfast Health and Social Care Trust
5°54′18″W / 54.540°N 5.905°W / 54.540; -5.905The Belfast Trust is a Health and Social Care Trust covering Belfast, Northern Ireland. The Trust is one of five new NHS trusts wh...
Chief Medical Officer (United Kingdom)
The Chief Medical Officer (CMO) is the most senior advisor on health matters in a government. There are four CMOs in the United Kingdom who are appointed to advise their respective governments: Her Ma...
Royal Commission on the Poorer Classes in Ireland 1833
The Royal Commission for inquiring into the condition of the poorer classes in Ireland was an initiative to investigate the causes of widespread destitution in Ireland at the beginning of the 19th cen...
Northern Ireland Water
Northern Ireland Water Limited (Irish: Uisce Thuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlan Wattèr) is a water company in Northern Ireland. Formerly an executive agency (the Northern Ireland Wat...
Widowed Mother’s Allowance
Widowed Mother’s Allowance was part of the United Kingdom system of Social Security benefits.It was established under the National Insurance Act 1946 and abolished and replaced by Widowed Parent's All...
Local Government Board for Scotland
The Local Government Board for Scotland was the body charged with overseeing local government, public health and poor law of Scotland from 1894 to 1919.
The Board was established by the Local Gove...
Social Fund Commissioner
The Social Fund Commissioner was an office created under United Kingdom social security legislation in 1986 intended to be independent of the government department responsible for social security prov...
National Assistance Act 1948
The National Assistance Act 1948 is an Act of Parliament passed in the United Kingdom by the Labour government of Clement Attlee. It formally abolished the Poor Law system that had existed since the r...
Mendicity Institution
The Mendicity Institution in Dublin, Ireland, is one of Ireland's oldest charities. It continues its charitable work of providing meals to Dublin's needy from its premises at Island Street, south of U...
NHS Wales
NHS Wales (Welsh: Gwasanaeth Iechyd Gwladol Cymru (GIG Cymru)) is the publicly funded healthcare system of Wales and is the responsibility of the devolved Welsh Government.NHS Wales was originally...
Winter Fuel Payment
The Winter Fuel Payment is a state benefit paid once per year in the United Kingdom to qualifying individuals. It is intended to cover the additional costs of heating over the winter months.To be elig...
Widowed Parent's Allowance
Widowed Parent's Allowance is a benefit under the United Kingdom Social Security system.
It replaced Widowed Mother’s Allowance in 2001 as part of the process of removing Sex Discrimination from t...
Great Famine (Ireland)
The Great Famine (Irish: an Gorta Mór) was a period of mass starvation, disease and emigration in Ireland between 1845 and 1852. It is sometimes referred to, mostly outside Ireland, as the Irish P...
Metropolitan Poor Act 1867
The Metropolitan Poor Act 1867 was an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom, the first in a series of major reforms that led to the gradual separation of the Poor Law's medical functions from its po...