Welfare state
A welfare state is a concept of government in which the state plays a key role in the protection and promotion of the economic and social well-being of its citizens. It is based on the principles of e...
The Slow-Motion Financial Suicide Of the Roman Empire
More than 2,000 years before America’s bailouts and entitlement programs, the ancient Romans experimented with similar schemes. The Roman government rescued failing institutions, canceled personal deb...
Welfare's effect on poverty
The effect of social welfare on poverty is controversial. Since the goal of welfare programs is to reduce poverty, it has been debated, primarily in the United States, whether or not welfare programs ...
Criticisms of welfare
The modern welfare state has been criticized on economic and moral grounds from all ends of the political spectrum. Classical liberals, libertarians and conservatives often argue that the provision of...
Public housing
Public housing is a form of housing tenure in which the property is owned by a government authority, which may be central or local. Social housing is an umbrella term referring to rental housing whic...
State school
State schools (also known as public schools, though not in England) generally refer to primary or secondary schools mandated for or offered to all children without charge, funded in whole or in part b...
Welfare economics
Welfare economics is a branch of economics that uses microeconomic techniques to evaluate well-being (welfare) at the aggregate (economy-wide) level. A typical methodology begins with the derivation (...
Welfare reform
Welfare reforms are changes in the operation of a given welfare system. Welfare reforms are often more aligned with neo-liberal policies. In the United States, welfare reform was used to get Congress ...
Veterans' benefits
Throughout history war veterans have received compensation. Roman soldiers were given rewards at the end of their service including cash or land (praemia). Augustus fixed the amount in AD 5 at 3000 de...
Free school meal
A free school meal is a school meal provided to a child or young person during a school break. Very few countries provide this to all school children regardless of their ability to pay.
Sweden, Fi...
History of Lothian Buses
Lothian Buses Plc is one of two municipal bus companies in Scotland (The other being DGC in Dumfries & Galloway) and the largest provider of bus moundservices in Edinburgh, Scotland. City of Edinb...
European social model
The European social model is a common vision many European states have for a society that combines economic growth with high living standards and good working conditions. Historian Tony Judt has argue...
Ramsden Estate (Orpington)
The Ramsden Estate is a council estate in Orpington, South East London part of the London Borough of Bromley. It was built in the 1950s after the boom in council housing developed after World War II.T...
Irish Poor Laws
The Irish Poor Laws were a series of Acts of Parliament intended to address social instability due to widespread and persistent poverty in Ireland. While some legislation had been introduced by the pr...
Instituto del Fondo Nacional de la Vivienda para los Trabajadores
The Instituto del Fondo Nacional de la Vivienda para los Trabajadores (Infonavit) is the Mexican federal institute for worker’s housing, founded in 1972, and located at Barranca del Muerto 280, in Mex...
Family cap
Family Cap is a practice to deny mothers and families who receive welfare assistance further financial assistance after the birth of another child.This is practiced in some states of the USA and in so...
Work for the Dole
Work for the Dole is an Australian federal government program that is a form of workfare, work-based welfare. It was first permanently enacted in 1998, having been trialed in 1997.It is one means by w...
Welfare culture
Welfare culture refers to the behavioral consequences of providing poverty relief (i.e., welfare) to low-income individuals. Welfare is considered a type of social protection, which may come in the fo...
Hidden Welfare State
The hidden welfare state is a term coined by Christopher Howard, professor of government at the College of William and Mary, to refer to tax expenditures with social welfare objectives that are often ...
Uneconomic growth
Uneconomic growth, in human development theory, welfare economics (the economics of social welfare), and some forms of ecological economics, is economic growth that reflects or creates a decline in th...
Stanford Marguerite Shuttle
Marguerite is a free shuttle service Stanford University offers to its students, faculty, staff, and the general public. Stanford's history of providing free transportation is as old as the universit...
Social pension
A social pension (also known as a non-contributory pension) is a regular cash transfer to older people. Eligibility is based on age and citizenship/residency, and almost always on means such as income...
Italian welfare state
The Italian welfare state is based upon the corporatist-conservative model, as described by Gøsta Esping-Andersen, one of the world's foremost sociologists working on the analysis of welfare states.
Vestia (public housing organization)
Vestia, formally Stichting Vestia Groep is the largest public housing corporation (Dutch: Woningcorporatie) in the Netherlands, which is headquartered in Rotterdam. The corporation owns (and rents...
Child benefit
Child benefit (children's allowance) is a social security payment which is distributed to the parents or guardians of children, teenagers and in some cases, young adults.
In the majority of countr...
Social security
Social security is based upon a concept set forth in Article 22 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which states, Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is ent...
Social market economy
The social market economy (German: Soziale Marktwirtschaft) is a form of market capitalism combined with a social policy favoring social insurance, and is sometimes classified as a coordinated mar...