Welfare state
A welfare state is a concept of government in which the state plays a key role in the protection and promotion of the economic and social well-being of its citizens. It is based on the principles of e...
Welfare state - Wikipedia
The Slow-Motion Financial Suicide Of the Roman Empire
More than 2,000 years before America’s bailouts and entitlement programs, the ancient Romans experimented with similar schemes. The Roman government rescued failing institutions, canceled personal deb...
Welfare's effect on poverty
The effect of social welfare on poverty is controversial. Since the goal of welfare programs is to reduce poverty, it has been debated, primarily in the United States, whether or not welfare programs ...
Welfare's effect on poverty - Wikipedia
Criticisms of welfare
The modern welfare state has been criticized on economic and moral grounds from all ends of the political spectrum. Classical liberals, libertarians and conservatives often argue that the provision of...
Public housing
Public housing is a form of housing tenure in which the property is owned by a government authority, which may be central or local. Social housing is an umbrella term referring to rental housing whic...
Public housing - Wikipedia
State school
State schools (also known as public schools, though not in England) generally refer to primary or secondary schools mandated for or offered to all children without charge, funded in whole or in part b...
State school - Wikipedia
Welfare economics
Welfare economics is a branch of economics that uses microeconomic techniques to evaluate well-being (welfare) at the aggregate (economy-wide) level. A typical methodology begins with the derivation (...
Welfare economics - Wikipedia
Welfare reform
Welfare reforms are changes in the operation of a given welfare system. Welfare reforms are often more aligned with neo-liberal policies. In the United States, welfare reform was used to get Congress ...
Welfare reform - Wikipedia
Unemployment benefit
Unemployment benefits (also, depending on the jurisdiction, called unemployment insurance, unemployment compensation or the dole) are social welfare payments made by the state or other authorised bodi...
Free school meal
A free school meal is a school meal provided to a child or young person during a school break. Very few countries provide this to all school children regardless of their ability to pay.
Sweden, Fi...
Transfer payment
In economics, a transfer payment (or government transfer or simply transfer) is a redistribution of income in the market system. These payments are considered to be non-exhaustive because they do not ...
History of Lothian Buses
Lothian Buses Plc is one of two municipal bus companies in Scotland (The other being DGC in Dumfries & Galloway) and the largest provider of bus moundservices in Edinburgh, Scotland. City of Edinb...
History of Lothian Buses - Wikipedia
Ramsden Estate (Orpington)
The Ramsden Estate is a council estate in Orpington, South East London part of the London Borough of Bromley. It was built in the 1950s after the boom in council housing developed after World War II.T...
Movimento Passe Livre
The Free Fare Movement (Portuguese: Movimento Passe Livre, [mo.viˈmẽ.tu ˈpa.si ˈli.vɾi]) is a Brazilian social movement that advocates the adoption of free fares in mass transit. The movement was ...
Nordic model
The Nordic model (or Nordic capitalism or Nordic social democracy) refers to the economic and social models of the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway, Iceland, Greenland, Faroe Islands and Swe...
Irish Poor Laws
The Irish Poor Laws were a series of Acts of Parliament intended to address social instability due to widespread and persistent poverty in Ireland. While some legislation had been introduced by the pr...
Irish Poor Laws - Wikipedia
Workfare
Workfare is an alternative model to conventional social welfare systems. The term was first introduced by civil rights leader James Charles Evers in 1968; however, it was popularized by Richard Nixon...
Instituto del Fondo Nacional de la Vivienda para los Trabajadores
The Instituto del Fondo Nacional de la Vivienda para los Trabajadores (Infonavit) is the Mexican federal institute for worker’s housing, founded in 1972, and located at Barranca del Muerto 280, in Mex...
Instituto del Fondo Nacional de la Vivienda para los Trabajadores - Wikipedia
Family cap
Family Cap is a practice to deny mothers and families who receive welfare assistance further financial assistance after the birth of another child.This is practiced in some states of the USA and in so...
Work for the Dole
Work for the Dole is an Australian federal government program that is a form of workfare, work-based welfare. It was first permanently enacted in 1998, having been trialed in 1997.It is one means by w...
Hidden Welfare State
The hidden welfare state is a term coined by Christopher Howard, professor of government at the College of William and Mary, to refer to tax expenditures with social welfare objectives that are often ...
Uneconomic growth
Uneconomic growth, in human development theory, welfare economics (the economics of social welfare), and some forms of ecological economics, is economic growth that reflects or creates a decline in th...
Uneconomic growth - Wikipedia
Lorenz curve
In economics, the Lorenz curve is a graphical representation of the cumulative distribution function of the empirical probability distribution of wealth or income, and was developed by Max O. Lorenz i...
Lorenz curve - Wikipedia
Stanford Marguerite Shuttle
Marguerite is a free shuttle service Stanford University offers to its students, faculty, staff, and the general public. Stanford's history of providing free transportation is as old as the universit...
Stanford Marguerite Shuttle - Wikipedia
Vestia (public housing organization)
Vestia, formally Stichting Vestia Groep is the largest public housing corporation (Dutch: Woningcorporatie) in the Netherlands, which is headquartered in Rotterdam. The corporation owns (and rents...
Vestia (public housing organization) - Wikipedia