May 8 1980, Smallpox Eradicated-The Rise And Fall Of Smallpox
On May 8, 1980, the World Health Organization officially pronounced victory in the fight against smallpox, confirming that no known cases of the dreaded killer existed anywhere on the planet. Take a l...
Jenner Tests Smallpox Vaccine - May 14, 1796
Edward Jenner, an English country doctor from Gloucestershire, administers the world’s first vaccination as a preventive treatment for smallpox, a disease that had killed millions of people over the c...
Edward Jenner
Edward Jenner was an English country doctor who pioneered vaccination. In 1796 Jenner discovered that inoculation with cowpox gave immunity to smallpox. The ...
May 8 1980, Smallpox Eradicated-The Rise And Fall Of Smallpox
On May 8, 1980, the World Health Organization officially pronounced victory in the fight against smallpox, confirming that no known cases of the dreaded killer existed anywhere on the planet. Take a l...
Allen Steere
Allen C. Steere is a professor of rheumatology at Harvard University and previously at Tufts University and Yale University. Steere and his colleague, Dr. Stephen Malawista of Yale University, are cre...
Joseph L. Melnick
Joseph Louis Melnick (October 9, 1914 – January 7, 2001) was an American epidemiologist who performed breakthrough research on the spread of polio, with The New York Times calling him "a founder of mo...
Adrien Loir
Adrien Loir (December 15, 1862 – 1941) was a French bacteriologist born in Lyon. He was a nephew of Louis Pasteur, and for much of his career was associated with the Pasteur Institute.From 1882 ...
Maurice Hilleman
Maurice Ralph Hilleman (August 30, 1919 – April 11, 2005) was an American microbiologist who specialized in vaccinology and developed over 36 vaccines, an unparalleled record of productivity. Of...
John Fewster
Dr John Fewster (1738-1824) was a surgeon and apothecary in Thornbury, Gloucestershire. Fewster, a friend and professional colleague of Edward Jenner, played an important role in the discovery of the ...
David Bodian
David Bodian ( 15 May 1910 – 18 September 1992) was an American medical scientist at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine who worked in polio research. In the early 1940s he helped lay th...
Paul Offit
Paul A. Offit (born 27 March 1951) is an American pediatrician specializing in infectious diseases and an expert on vaccines, immunology, and virology. He is the co-inventor of a rotavirus vaccine tha...
Thomas Francis, Jr.
Thomas Francis, Jr. (July 15, 1900 – October 1, 1969) was an American physician, virologist, and epidemiologist. Francis was the first person to isolate influenza virus in America, an...
Albert Kapikian
Dr. Albert Kapikian (1930-2014) was an Armenian-American virologist who developed the first licensed vaccine against rotavirus, the most common cause of severe diarrhea in infants. He was awarded the...
Pasteur Institute
The Pasteur Institute (French: Institut Pasteur) is a French non-profit private foundation dedicated to the study of biology, micro-organisms, diseases, and vaccines. It is named after Louis Paste...
Charles Armstrong (physician)
Charles Armstrong (September 25, 1886 – June 23, 1967) was an American physician in the U.S. Public Health Service. He coined the name Lymphocytic choriomeningitis in 1934 after isolating the hitherto...
Louis Pasteur
Louis Pasteur (/ˈluːi pæˈstɜr/, [lwi pastœʁ]; December 27, 1822 – September 28, 1895) was a French chemist and microbiologist renowned for his discoveries of the principles of vaccination, microbial f...
Stanley Plotkin
Stanley Plotkin is an American physician who works as an adviser at pharmaceutical firm Sanofi Pasteur. In the 1960s, he played a pivotal role in discovery of a vaccine against rubella virus while wor...
Rino Rappuoli
Rino Rappuoli, PhD is known globally for his work in vaccines and immunology. He co-founded the field of cellular microbiology, a discipline combining cell biology and microbiology, and pioneered the ...
Albert Sabin
Albert Bruce Sabin (August 26, 1906 Białystok – March 3, 1993) was a Polish American medical researcher best known for having developed an oral polio vaccine.Sabin was born in Białystok, in Russian Po...
Francis Home
Francis Home FRSE FRCPE (17 November 1719 in Eccles, Berwickshire – 15 February 1813) was a Scottish physician, and the first Professor of Materia Medica at the University of Edinburgh, known to...
Joseph Meister
Joseph Meister (21 February 1876 - 24 June 1940) was the first person to be inoculated against rabies by Louis Pasteur, and the first person to be successfully treated for the infection.In 1885, nine-...
Edgar Crookshank
Edgar March Crookshank (2 October 1858 – 1 July 1928) was an English physician and microbiologist.
Crookshank studied at King's College London and qualified for medicine in 1881. He served briefly...
Pasteurization
Pasteurization (American English) or pasteurisation (British English) is a process invented by French scientist Louis Pasteur during the nineteenth century. In 1864 Pasteur discovered that heating be...
Hilary Koprowski
Hilary Koprowski (December 5, 1916 – April 11, 2013) was a Polish and American virologist and immunologist, and the inventor of the world's first effective live polio vaccine. He author...
Edward Jenner
Edward Jenner, FRS (/ˈdʒɛnər/; 17 May 1749 – 26 January 1823) was an English physician and scientist who was the pioneer of smallpox vaccine, the world's first vaccine. He is often called "the father ...
Bruce Edwards Ivins
Bruce Edwards Ivins (April 22, 1946 – July 29, 2008) was an American microbiologist, vaccinologist, senior biodefense researcher at the United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious...
Benjamin Rubin
Benjamin Rubin (born September 27, 1917 in New York, New York - died March 8, 2010 ) was an American microbiologist, known as the inventor of the bifurcated vaccination needle, which played an importa...
Albert B. Sabin Gold Medal
The Albert B. Sabin Gold Medal is awarded annually by the Sabin Vaccine Institute in recognition of work in the field of vaccinology or a complementary field. It is in commemoration of the pioneering ...