Underground Railroad
The Underground Railroad was a network of secret routes and safe houses used by 19th-century enslaved people of African descent in the United States in efforts to escape to free states and Canada with...
Underground Railroad - Wikipedia
8 Key Contributors To The Underground Railroad
In the decades preceding the Civil War, up to 100,000 slaves escaped to the Northern free states or the “promised land” of Canada. Most received help along the way from abolitionists, who ran a vast, ...
Vigilance committee

In the western United States, both before and after the Civil War, the primary purpose of these committees was to maintain law and order and administer summary justice where governmental law enfo...
Quilts of the Underground Railroad
The slave quilt code is the idea that African American slaves used quilts to communicate information about how to escape to freedom. The idea was introduced and popularized throughout the 1990s. Most ...
Songs of the Underground Railroad
Songs associated with the Underground Railroad demonstrate that music has always been important in the heritage of African American people. This music can relay a story or bring people together in a c...
Songs of the Underground Railroad - Wikipedia
Slavery in the United States
Slavery in the United States was the legal institution of chattel slavery that existed in the United States of America in the 18th and 19th centuries after it gained independence and before the end of...
Slavery in the United States - Wikipedia
Slavery in Canada
Slavery in Canada includes both slavery as practiced by First Nations in land that now comprises Canada before European colonization, as well as slavery under European colonization, the latter of whic...
Slavery in Canada - Wikipedia
South Buxton, Ontario
South Buxton is an unincorporated community in Chatham-Kent, Ontario, Canada. The population is approximately 78. The majority of the population is retirees. South Buxton has only three roads and a si...
The Railroad To Freedom: A Story of the Civil War
The Railroad to Freedom: A Story of the Civil War is a children's book by Hildegarde Hoyt Swift. It is a fictionalized biography of Araminta Ross (later known as Harriet Tubman) telling of her life in...
Constitution Hall (Topeka, Kansas)
Constitution Hall, in Topeka, Kansas, is one of the most famous buildings dating from the history of early Kansas. It was a two-story building constructed between April and October 1855 of native lim...
John Ton
John Ton (born Jan Cornelis Ton) (30 May 1826, Akersloot, North Holland - 4 June 1896, Chicago, Illinois) was a Dutch-born American abolitionist active in the Underground Railroad in Illinois.
Ton...
John Ton - Wikipedia
Dunkirk Schooner Site
Dunkirk Schooner Site is a historic shipwreck archaeological site located in Lake Erie off Dunkirk in Chautauqua County, New York. It lies about 20 miles (32 km) off Dunkirk resting in 170 feet (...
Song of the Free
"Song of the Free" is a song of the Underground Railroad written in 1860 about a man fleeing slavery in Tennessee by escaping to Canada via the Underground Railroad. It is composed to the tune of "Oh!...
Song of the Free - Wikipedia
Bristolville, Ohio
Bristolville is an unincorporated community in central Bristol Township, Trumbull County, Ohio, United States. Although it is unincorporated, it has a post office, with the ZIP code of 44402. It lie...
Bristolville, Ohio - Wikipedia
Fitzwater Station
Fitzwater Station was a stop on the anti-slavery Underground Railroad. Located in Port Providence, Pennsylvania, United States, it is now a restaurant and bar. "The Fitz" overlooks the Schuylkill C...
J. Howard Wert
J. Howard Wert was an author, educator, and Civil War veteran and collector.
John Howard Wert was born on February 12, 1841 near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania to a prosperous and prominent Pennsylvania...
Austinburg Township, Ashtabula County, Ohio
Austinburg Township is one of the twenty-seven townships of Ashtabula County, Ohio, United States. The 2010 census found 2,197 people in the township.
Located in the northwestern part of the count...
Austinburg Township, Ashtabula County, Ohio - Wikipedia
Elba (village), New York
Elba is a village in Genesee County, New York, United States. The population was 676 at the 2010 census. The village is named after the island of Elba.The village of Elba is in the town of Elba. The v...
Elba (village), New York - Wikipedia
Joseph Winters
Joseph Richard Winters (August 29, 1824 – November 29, 1916) was an African-American abolitionist and inventor who, on May 7, 1878 received U.S. Patent number 203,517 for a wagon-mounted fire escape l...
Bangor, Iowa
Bangor is an unincorporated community in Marshall County, Iowa, United States. It is located at the intersections of County Highway E18 and S62, five miles southwest of Liscomb and six miles south of ...
Reverse Underground Railroad
The Reverse Underground Railroad is the term used for the pre-American Civil War practice of kidnapping free blacks from free states and transporting them into the slave states for sale as slaves. The...
Abiel Smith School
Abiel Smith School, founded in 1835, is a school located at 46 Joy Street in Boston, Massachusetts, United States, adjacent to the African Meeting House. It is named for Abiel Smith, a white philanthr...
Abiel Smith School - Wikipedia
Buxton National Historic Site and Museum
82°13′13.5″W / 42.305667°N 82.220417°W / 42.305667; -82.220417The Buxton National Historic Site and Museum is a tribute to the Elgin Settlement, established in 1849 by Rev. Wi...