The 72 names on the Eiffel Tower
On the Eiffel Tower, seventy-two names of French scientists, engineers, and mathematicians are engraved in recognition of their contributions. Gustave Eiffel chose this "invocation of science" because...
The 72 names on the Eiffel Tower - Wikipedia
Marc Seguin
Marc Seguin (20 April 1786 – 24 February 1875) was a French engineer, inventor of the wire-cable suspension bridge and the multi-tubular steam-engine boiler. He was born in Annonay, Ardèche to M...
Marc Seguin - Wikipedia
Jérôme Lalande
Joseph Jérôme Lefrançois de Lalande ([lalɑ̃d]; 11 July 1732 – 4 April 1807) was a French astronomer, freemason and writer.
Lalande was born at Bourg-en-Bresse (now in the département of Ain) to Pi...
Jérôme Lalande - Wikipedia
Henri Tresca
Henri Édouard Tresca (October 12, 1814 – June 21, 1885) was a French mechanical engineer, and a professor at the Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers in Paris.He is the father of the field of pl...
Henri Tresca - Wikipedia
Jean-Victor Poncelet
Jean-Victor Poncelet (July 1, 1788 – December 22, 1867) was a French engineer and mathematician who served most notably as the commandant general of the École polytechnique. He is considered a r...
Jean-Victor Poncelet - Wikipedia
Jacques Antoine Charles Bresse
Jacques Antoine Charles Bresse (9 October 1822, Vienne, Isère – 22 May 1883) was a French civil engineer who specialized in the design and use of hydraulic motors. Bresse graduated from the Écol...
Jacques Antoine Charles Bresse - Wikipedia
Jean-Baptiste-Charles-Joseph Bélanger
Jean-Baptiste Charles Joseph Bélanger (4 April 1790 – 8 May 1874) was a French applied mathematician who worked in the areas of hydraulics and hydrodynamics. He was a professor at the École Cen...
Georges Cuvier
Jean Léopold Nicolas Frédéric Cuvier ([kyvje]; August 23, 1769 – May 13, 1832), known as Georges Cuvier, was a French naturalist and zoologist. Cuvier was a major figure in natural sciences research i...
Georges Cuvier - Wikipedia
Pierre-Simon Laplace
Pierre-Simon, marquis de Laplace (/ləˈplɑːs/; [pjɛʁ simɔ̃ laplas]; 23 March 1749 – 5 March 1827) was an influential French scholar whose work was important to the development of mathematics, stat...
Pierre-Simon Laplace - Wikipedia
Pierre Louis Dulong
Pierre Louis Dulong (12 February 1785 – 19 July 1838) was a French physicist and chemist, remembered today largely for the law of Dulong and Petit. He worked on the specific heat capacity and th...
Pierre Louis Dulong - Wikipedia
Michel Chasles
Michel Floréal Chasles (15 November 1793 – 18 December 1880) was a French mathematician.He was born at Épernon in France and studied at the École Polytechnique in Paris under Siméon Denis Poisson. In ...
Michel Chasles - Wikipedia
Antoine Lavoisier
Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier (also Antoine Lavoisier after the French Revolution; 26 August 1743 – 8 May 1794; [ɑ̃twan lɔʁɑ̃ də lavwazje]) was a French nobleman and chemist central to t...
Antoine Lavoisier - Wikipedia
André-Marie Ampère
André-Marie Ampère (/ˈæmpɪər/; [ɑ̃pɛʁ]; 20 January 1775 – 10 June 1836) was a French physicist and mathematician who was one of the founders of the science of classical electromagnetism, which he refe...
André-Marie Ampère - Wikipedia
Michel Eugène Chevreul
Michel Eugène Chevreul (31 August 1786 – 9 April 1889) was a French chemist whose work with fatty acids led to early applications in the fields of art and science. He is credited with the discovery of...
Michel Eugène Chevreul - Wikipedia
Eugène Flachat
Eugène Flachat (1802 – June 16, 1873) was a French civil engineer. He built the first railroad station in Paris. He remembered today for redesigning the Gare Saint-Lazare railway station in Paris in 1...
Eugène Flachat - Wikipedia
Claude-Louis Navier
Claude-Louis Navier (born Claude Louis Marie Henri Navier, [klod lwi maʁi ɑ̃ʁi navje]; 10 February 1785 – 21 August 1836), was a French engineer and physicist who specialized in mechanics.The Navier–S...
Claude-Louis Navier - Wikipedia
Adrien-Marie Legendre
Adrien-Marie Legendre ([adʁiɛ̃ maʁi ləʒɑ̃ːdʁ]) (18 September 1752 – 10 January 1833) was a French mathematician. Legendre made numerous contributions to mathematics. Well-known and important concepts ...
Adrien-Marie Legendre - Wikipedia
Jean-Antoine Chaptal
Jean-Antoine Claude, comte Chaptal de Chanteloup (4 June 1756 – 30 July 1832) was a French chemist and statesman. He established chemical works for the manufacture of the mineral acids, soda and other...
Jean-Antoine Chaptal - Wikipedia
Jules Jamin
Jules Célestin Jamin (31 May 1818, Termes, Ardennes - 12 February 1886) was a French physicist. He was professor of physics at École Polytechnique from 1852 to 1881 and received the Rumford Medal in...
Jules Jamin - Wikipedia
Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac
Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac (/ˌɡeɪləˈsæk/; [ʒɔzɛf lwi ɡɛlysak]; also Louis Joseph Gay-Lussac; 6 December 1778 – 9 May 1850) was a French chemist and physicist. He is known mostly for two laws related to g...
Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac - Wikipedia
Hippolyte Fizeau
Armand Hippolyte Louis Fizeau (23 September 1819 – 18 September 1896) was a French physicist, best known for measuring the speed of light in a namesake experiment.
Fizeau was born in Paris to Loui...
Hippolyte Fizeau - Wikipedia
Eugène Schneider
Joseph Eugène Schneider (29 March 1805 – 27 November 1875) was a French industrialist who in 1836 co-founded the Schneider company with his brother Adolphe Schneider.
He was born in Bidestroff, in...
Eugène Schneider - Wikipedia
Louis Le Chatelier
Louis Le Chatelier (20 February 1815 – 10 November 1873) was a French chemist and industrialist who developed a method for producing aluminium from bauxite in 1855. The method was later superseded by ...
Louis Le Chatelier - Wikipedia
Pierre Berthier
Pierre Berthier (July 3, 1782, Nemours, Seine-et-Marne – August 24, 1861) was a French geologist and mining engineer.Pierre Berthier was born in Nemours. After studying at the École Polytechniqu...
Pierre Berthier - Wikipedia
Jean-Augustin Barral
Jean-Augustin Barral (January 31, 1819 – September 10, 1884) was a French agronomist and balloonist.Barral was born in Metz (Moselle). He studied at a polytechnic school and became a physicist as well...
Jean-Augustin Barral - Wikipedia
Henri de Dion
Earl Henri de Dion (born near Montfort-l'Amaury on December 23, 1828; died in Paris on April 13, 1878) was a French engineer of École Centrale Paris. His work helped in the construction of the Eiffel ...
Henri de Dion - Wikipedia
Ernest Goüin
Ernest Goüin (or Gouin) (1815 in Tours – 1885 in Paris) was a French civil engineer and industrialist.In 1846 he founded Ernest Goüin & Cie. (after 1871 Société de Construction des Batignoll...
Ernest Goüin - Wikipedia
Louis Didier Jousselin
Louis Didier Jousselin (1776–1858) was a French engineer. He built a three-kilometre-long bridge in less than three months during the Siege of Hamburg in 1813. His name is one of the 72 names inscribe...
Louis Didier Jousselin - Wikipedia
Paul Broca
Pierre Paul Broca (/broʊˈkɑː/ or /ˈbroʊkə/; 28 June 1824 – 9 July 1880) was a French physician, surgeon, anatomist, and anthropologist. He was born in Sainte-Foy-la-Grande, Gironde. He is best known ...
Paul Broca - Wikipedia
Antoine César Becquerel
Antoine César Becquerel (March 7, 1788 – January 18, 1878) was a French scientist and a pioneer in the study of electric and luminescent phenomena.
He was born at Châtillon-sur-Loing (today ...
Antoine César Becquerel - Wikipedia