Spice wars
The spice trade refers to the trade between historical civilizations in Asia, Northeast Africa and Europe. Spices such as cinnamon, cassia, cardamom, ginger, pepper, and turmeric were known, and used ...
Spice wars - Wikipedia
Was Magellan The First Person To Circumnavigate The Globe?
The Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan is often credited as being the first person to have circumnavigated the globe, but the reality of his journey is a bit more complicated.
Age of Discovery
Artwork and map animation help illustrate the exciting voyages of Prince Henry the Navigator, Díaz, Columbus, Vasco da Gama, Magellan, Ponce de León, Balboa,...
Indian Ocean trade
Indian Ocean trade served as an important role in history, and has been a key factor in East–West exchanges. Long distance trade in dhows and sailboats made it a dynamic zone of interaction between pe...
Indian Ocean trade - Wikipedia
Roman trade with India
Roman trade in the Indian Subcontinent (see also the spice trade and incense road) through the overland caravan routes via Asia Minor and the Middle East, though at a relative trickle compared to late...
Roman trade with India - Wikipedia
Age of Discovery
The Age of Discovery is a period of European global exploration that started in the early 15th century with the first Portuguese discoveries in the Atlantic archipelagos and Africa, as well as the dis...
Age of Discovery - Wikipedia
Siberian River Routes
Siberian River Routes were the main ways of communication in the Russian Siberia before the 1730s, when roads began to be built. The rivers also were of primary importance in the process of Russian ex...
Siberian River Routes - Wikipedia
Juan Sebastián Elcano
Juan Sebastián Elcano (1476 – 4 August 1526) was a Spanish Basque explorer who completed the first circumnavigation of the Earth. After Magellan's death in the Philippines, Elcano took command of the ...
Juan Sebastián Elcano - Wikipedia
Columbian Exchange
The Columbian Exchange or Grand Exchange refers to the widespread transfer of animals, plants, culture, human populations, communicable diseases, technology and ideas between the American and Afro-Eur...
Columbian Exchange - Wikipedia
Was Magellan The First Person To Circumnavigate The Globe?
The Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan is often credited as being the first person to have circumnavigated the globe, but the reality of his journey is a bit more complicated.
Henry Hudson
Henry Hudson (born c. 1560s/70s) was an English sea explorer and navigator in the early 17th century.Hudson made two attempts on behalf of English merchants to find a prospective Northwest Passage to ...
Henry Hudson - Wikipedia
Alonso Sánchez
Alonso Sánchez (also known as Alonso Sánchez de Huelva) was a fifteenth-century mariner and merchant born in Huelva, Spain, on Andalusia's Atlantic coast. Legend has it that he was a mariner who reach...
Alonso Sánchez - Wikipedia
Trading post
A trading post was a place or establishment where the trading of goods took place; the term is generally used, in modern parlance, in reference to such establishments in historic Northern America, alt...
Trading post - Wikipedia
Pinzón brothers
The Pinzón brothers were Spanish sailors, explorers and fishermen, natives of Palos de la Frontera, Huelva, Spain. Martín Alonso, Francisco Martín and Vicente Yañez, participated in Christopher Columb...
Pinzón brothers - Wikipedia
Luis de Santangel
Luis de Santángel (died 1498) was a baptized Jew and finance minister to Ferdinand II who made the case to Isabella I in favor of Christopher Columbus' voyage in 1492.
In 1486, Ferdinand and Isabe...
Luis de Santangel - Wikipedia
Padrão Real
The Padrão Real ([pɐˈðɾɐ̃w̃ ʁiˈaɫ], Royal Standard) was a master Portuguese nautical chart produced and maintained by the Portuguese government organization, the Armazéns da Índia, where the new disco...
Dimasaua
Dimasaua, also spelled Dimasawa and Dimasava, was the invented name created by 17th-century Spanish missionary Fr. Francisco Colín, S.J., pointing to a tiny isle in southern Leyte whose chief, accordi...
Dimasaua - Wikipedia
History of colonialism
The historical phenomenon of colonisation is one that stretches around the globe and across time, including such disparate peoples as the Hittites, the Incas and the British. Modern state global colo...
History of colonialism - Wikipedia
Portuguese discoveries
Portuguese discoveries (Portuguese: Descobrimentos portugueses) is the name given to the intensive maritime exploration by the Portuguese during the 15th and 16th centuries. Portuguese sailors were at...
Portuguese discoveries - Wikipedia
Treaty of Tordesillas
The Treaty of Tordesillas (Portuguese: Tratado de Tordesilhas [tɾɐˈtaðu ðɨ tuɾðɨˈziʎɐʃ], Spanish: Tratado de Tordesillas [tɾaˈtaðo ðe toɾðeˈsiʎas]), signed at Tordesillas (now in Valladolid pr...
Treaty of Tordesillas - Wikipedia
European exploration of Africa
The geography of North Africa has been reasonably well known since classical antiquity in Greco-Roman geography. Northwest Africa (the Maghreb) was known as either Libya or Africa, while Egypt was con...
European exploration of Africa - Wikipedia
Martín Alonso Pinzón
Martín Alonso Pinzón, (Palos de la Frontera, Huelva; c. 1441 – c. 1493) was a Spanish mariner, shipbuilder, navigator and explorer, oldest of the Pinzón brothers. He sailed with Christopher Colu...
Martín Alonso Pinzón - Wikipedia
Henry the Navigator
Infante Dom Henrique de Avis, Duke of Viseu (4 March 1394 – 13 November 1460), better known as Henry the Navigator (Portuguese: Henrique, o Navegador) was an important figure in 15th-century Portu...
Henry the Navigator - Wikipedia
António da Madalena
António da Madalena (sometimes spelled, in English, Antonio da Magdalena) was a Portuguese Capuchin friar who was one of the first Western visitors to Angkor. He toured the site in 1586, and in 1589 g...
Didrik Pining
Didrik Pining (c. 1430 – 1491) was a German privateer, nobleman and governor of Iceland and Vardøhus. He is most notable because some have proposed that he may have landed in North America in the 1470...
Didrik Pining - Wikipedia
Great Divergence
The Great Divergence, a term coined by Samuel Huntington (also known as the European miracle, a term coined by Eric Jones in 1981), referring to the process by which the Western world (i.e. Western Eu...
Great Divergence - Wikipedia
Age of Sail
The Age of Sail was a period roughly corresponding to the early modern period in which international trade and naval warfare were dominated by sailing ships, lasting from the 16th to the mid-19th cent...
Age of Sail - Wikipedia
Gaspar da Gama
Gaspar da Gama (Poznań (Poland) or Alexandria (Egypt) 1444 - Calicut or Lisbon, c. 1510 - 1520) was a merchant of Jewish origin who acted as interpreter ("Língua", in old Portuguese) and provided many...
Chinese exploration
Chinese exploration includes exploratory Chinese travels abroad, on land and by sea, from the 2nd century BC until the 15th century.
The Han envoy Zhang Qian traveled beyond the Tarim Basin in the...
Chinese exploration - Wikipedia
Commercial Revolution
The Commercial Revolution was a period of European economic expansion, colonialism, and mercantilism which lasted from approximately the 16th century until the early 18th century. It was succeeded in ...
Commercial Revolution - Wikipedia