Spice trade
The spice trade refers to the trade between historical civilizations in Asia, Northeast Africa and Europe. Spices such as cinnamon, cassia, cardamom, ginger, pepper, and turmeric were known, and used ...
Spice trade - Wikipedia
Was Magellan The First Person To Circumnavigate The Globe?
The Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan is often credited as being the first person to have circumnavigated the globe, but the reality of his journey is a bit more complicated.
Age of Discovery
Artwork and map animation help illustrate the exciting voyages of Prince Henry the Navigator, Díaz, Columbus, Vasco da Gama, Magellan, Ponce de León, Balboa,...
Indian Ocean trade
Indian Ocean trade served as an important role in history, and has been a key factor in East–West exchanges. Long distance trade in dhows and sailboats made it a dynamic zone of interaction between pe...
Indian Ocean trade - Wikipedia
Roman trade with India
Roman trade in the Indian Subcontinent (see also the spice trade and incense road) through the overland caravan routes via Asia Minor and the Middle East, though at a relative trickle compared to late...
Roman trade with India - Wikipedia
Age of Discovery
The Age of Discovery is a period of European global exploration that started in the early 15th century with the first Portuguese discoveries in the Atlantic archipelagos and Africa, as well as the dis...
Age of Discovery - Wikipedia
Was Magellan The First Person To Circumnavigate The Globe?
The Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan is often credited as being the first person to have circumnavigated the globe, but the reality of his journey is a bit more complicated.
Ginés de Mafra
Ginés de Mafra (1493–1546) was a Portuguese explorer who sailed to the Philippines in the 16th century. De Mafra was a member of the expeditions of Fernão de Magalhães of 1519–1521 and Ruy López de Vi...
Maximilianus Transylvanus
Maximilianus Transylvanus (Transilvanus, Transylvanianus), also Maximilianus of Transylvania and Maximilian (Maximiliaen) von Sevenborgen (c. 1490 – c. 1538), was a sixteenth-century author base...
Maximilianus Transylvanus - Wikipedia
Rui Faleiro
Rui (Ruy) Faleiro [ˈʁuj fɐˈlɐjɾu] was a Portuguese cosmographer, astrologer, and astronomer who was the principal scientific organizer behind Magellan's circumnavigation of the world.Born in Covilhã, ...
Volta do mar
"Volta do mar", "volta do mar largo" or "volta do largo", (the phrase in Portuguese means literally turn of the sea but also return from the sea) is a navigational technique perfected by Portuguese na...
Volta do mar - Wikipedia
Hasanudin
Mulana Hasanudin (also spelled Hasanuddin) was the second ruler of the Banten Sultanate, following the mysterious Sunan Gunungjati when he left to found Cirebon. Hasanudin reigned from c. 1552 to 15...
Hasanudin - Wikipedia
Henry Hudson
Henry Hudson (born c. 1560s/70s) was an English sea explorer and navigator in the early 17th century.Hudson made two attempts on behalf of English merchants to find a prospective Northwest Passage to ...
Henry Hudson - Wikipedia
Alonso Sánchez
Alonso Sánchez (also known as Alonso Sánchez de Huelva) was a fifteenth-century mariner and merchant born in Huelva, Spain, on Andalusia's Atlantic coast. Legend has it that he was a mariner who reach...
Alonso Sánchez - Wikipedia
Trading post
A trading post was a place or establishment where the trading of goods took place; the term is generally used, in modern parlance, in reference to such establishments in historic Northern America, alt...
Trading post - Wikipedia
Luis de Santangel
Luis de Santángel (died 1498) was a baptized Jew and finance minister to Ferdinand II who made the case to Isabella I in favor of Christopher Columbus' voyage in 1492.
In 1486, Ferdinand and Isabe...
Luis de Santangel - Wikipedia
Hans Pothorst
Hans Pothorst (c. 1440 – 1490) was a privateer, likely from the German city Hildesheim. He is mostly notable because some have proposed that he may have discovered America along with Didrik Pining (am...
Hans Pothorst - Wikipedia
Padrão Real
The Padrão Real ([pɐˈðɾɐ̃w̃ ʁiˈaɫ], Royal Standard) was a master Portuguese nautical chart produced and maintained by the Portuguese government organization, the Armazéns da Índia, where the new disco...
Dimasaua
Dimasaua, also spelled Dimasawa and Dimasava, was the invented name created by 17th-century Spanish missionary Fr. Francisco Colín, S.J., pointing to a tiny isle in southern Leyte whose chief, accordi...
Dimasaua - Wikipedia
Hans Staden
Hans Staden (c. 1525 – c. 1579) was a German soldier and explorer who voyaged to South America in the middle of the sixteenth century, where he was captured by the Tupinamba people of Brazil. He manag...
Hans Staden - Wikipedia
Matthew (ship)
Matthew is a replica of a caravel sailed by John Cabot in 1497 from Bristol to North America, presumably Newfoundland. After a voyage which had got no further than Iceland, Cabot left again with only ...
Matthew (ship) - Wikipedia
History of colonialism
The historical phenomenon of colonisation is one that stretches around the globe and across time, including such disparate peoples as the Hittites, the Incas and the British. Modern state global colo...
History of colonialism - Wikipedia
International Pepper Exchange
The International Pepper Exchange is an organisation headquartered in Kochi, India, that deals with the global trade of black pepper. The exchange, established in 1997, has been described as the world...
European exploration of Africa
The geography of North Africa has been reasonably well known since classical antiquity in Greco-Roman geography. Northwest Africa (the Maghreb) was known as either Libya or Africa, while Egypt was con...
European exploration of Africa - Wikipedia
Martín Alonso Pinzón
Martín Alonso Pinzón, (Palos de la Frontera, Huelva; c. 1441 – c. 1493) was a Spanish mariner, shipbuilder, navigator and explorer, oldest of the Pinzón brothers. He sailed with Christopher Colu...
Martín Alonso Pinzón - Wikipedia
António da Madalena
António da Madalena (sometimes spelled, in English, Antonio da Magdalena) was a Portuguese Capuchin friar who was one of the first Western visitors to Angkor. He toured the site in 1586, and in 1589 g...
João da Nova
João da Nova (Galician spelling Xoán de Novoa or Joam de Nôvoa, Spanish spelling Juan de Nova; [ʒuˈɐ̃w̃ dɐ ˈnɔvɐ]; born c. 1460 in Maceda, Ourense, Galicia; died July 1509 in Kochi, India) was a Galic...
João da Nova - Wikipedia
Siberian River Routes
Siberian River Routes were the main ways of communication in the Russian Siberia before the 1730s, when roads began to be built. The rivers also were of primary importance in the process of Russian ex...
Siberian River Routes - Wikipedia
Robert Sturmy
Robert Sturmy was a 15th-century Bristol merchant.In 1445 he sponsored a voyage conveying 200 pilgrims to Santiago de Compostela in Galicia and in 1447 his ship the Cog Anne took pilgrims to Jaffa in ...