Spice Route
The spice trade refers to the trade between historical civilizations in Asia, Northeast Africa and Europe. Spices such as cinnamon, cassia, cardamom, ginger, pepper, and turmeric were known, and used ...
Was Magellan The First Person To Circumnavigate The Globe?
The Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan is often credited as being the first person to have circumnavigated the globe, but the reality of his journey is a bit more complicated.
Age of Discovery
Artwork and map animation help illustrate the exciting voyages of Prince Henry the Navigator, Díaz, Columbus, Vasco da Gama, Magellan, Ponce de León, Balboa,...
Indian Ocean trade
Indian Ocean trade served as an important role in history, and has been a key factor in East–West exchanges. Long distance trade in dhows and sailboats made it a dynamic zone of interaction between pe...
Roman trade with India
Roman trade in the Indian Subcontinent (see also the spice trade and incense road) through the overland caravan routes via Asia Minor and the Middle East, though at a relative trickle compared to late...
Age of Discovery
The Age of Discovery is a period of European global exploration that started in the early 15th century with the first Portuguese discoveries in the Atlantic archipelagos and Africa, as well as the dis...
Hans Staden
Hans Staden (c. 1525 – c. 1579) was a German soldier and explorer who voyaged to South America in the middle of the sixteenth century, where he was captured by the Tupinamba people of Brazil. He manag...
Was Magellan The First Person To Circumnavigate The Globe?
The Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan is often credited as being the first person to have circumnavigated the globe, but the reality of his journey is a bit more complicated.
Russian explorers
The history of exploration by citizens or subjects of the Russian Federation, the Soviet Union, the Russian Empire, the Tsardom of Russia and other Russian predecessor states forms a significant part ...
History of Portugal (1415-1542)
The kingdom of Portugal in the 15th century was one of the first European powers to begin building a colonial empire.The Portuguese Renaissance was a period of exploration, during which Portuguese sa...
Henry Hudson
Henry Hudson (born c. 1560s/70s) was an English sea explorer and navigator in the early 17th century.Hudson made two attempts on behalf of English merchants to find a prospective Northwest Passage to ...
Alonso Sánchez
Alonso Sánchez (also known as Alonso Sánchez de Huelva) was a fifteenth-century mariner and merchant born in Huelva, Spain, on Andalusia's Atlantic coast. Legend has it that he was a mariner who reach...
Juan Ponce de León
Juan Ponce de León (/ˈpɒns də ˈliən/ [ˈxuan ˈponθe ðe leˈon]; 1474 – July 1521) was a Spanish explorer and conquistador. He became the first Governor of Puerto Rico by appointment of the Spanish crown...
Siberian River Routes
Siberian River Routes were the main ways of communication in the Russian Siberia before the 1730s, when roads began to be built. The rivers also were of primary importance in the process of Russian ex...
Trading post
A trading post was a place or establishment where the trading of goods took place; the term is generally used, in modern parlance, in reference to such establishments in historic Northern America, alt...
Luis de Santangel
Luis de Santángel (died 1498) was a baptized Jew and finance minister to Ferdinand II who made the case to Isabella I in favor of Christopher Columbus' voyage in 1492.
In 1486, Ferdinand and Isabe...
Rafael Perestrello
Rafael Perestrello (fl. 1514–1517) was a Portuguese explorer and a cousin of Filipa Moniz Perestrello, the wife of the famed explorer Christopher Columbus. He is best known for having been the f...
Ferdinand Magellan
Ferdinand Magellan (/məˈɡɛlən/ or /məˈdʒɛlən/; Portuguese: Fernão de Magalhães, [fɨɾˈnɐ̃w ðɨ mɐɣɐˈʎɐ̃jʃ]; Spanish: Fernando de Magallanes, [ferˈnando ðe maɣaˈʎanes]; c. 1480 – 27 April 1521) w...
Padrão Real
The Padrão Real ([pɐˈðɾɐ̃w̃ ʁiˈaɫ], Royal Standard) was a master Portuguese nautical chart produced and maintained by the Portuguese government organization, the Armazéns da Índia, where the new disco...
Dimasaua
Dimasaua, also spelled Dimasawa and Dimasava, was the invented name created by 17th-century Spanish missionary Fr. Francisco Colín, S.J., pointing to a tiny isle in southern Leyte whose chief, accordi...
Álvaro Velho
Álvaro Velho (15th-16th century, born in Barreiro, Portugal) was a Portuguese writer who participated as a sailor or soldier in the expedition of discovery of sea route to India led by Vasco da Gama i...
History of colonialism
The historical phenomenon of colonisation is one that stretches around the globe and across time, including such disparate peoples as the Hittites, the Incas and the British. Modern state global colo...
European exploration of Africa
The geography of North Africa has been reasonably well known since classical antiquity in Greco-Roman geography. Northwest Africa (the Maghreb) was known as either Libya or Africa, while Egypt was con...
Martín Alonso Pinzón
Martín Alonso Pinzón, (Palos de la Frontera, Huelva; c. 1441 – c. 1493) was a Spanish mariner, shipbuilder, navigator and explorer, oldest of the Pinzón brothers. He sailed with Christopher Colu...
António da Madalena
António da Madalena (sometimes spelled, in English, Antonio da Magdalena) was a Portuguese Capuchin friar who was one of the first Western visitors to Angkor. He toured the site in 1586, and in 1589 g...
Portuguese discoveries
Portuguese discoveries (Portuguese: Descobrimentos portugueses) is the name given to the intensive maritime exploration by the Portuguese during the 15th and 16th centuries. Portuguese sailors were at...
Portuguese colonization of the Americas
Portugal was the leading country in the European exploration of the world in the 15th century. The Treaty of Tordesillas divided the Earth, outside Europe, in 1494 into Spanish (Castilian) and Portugu...
João de Trasto
João de Trasto is the name sometimes given to an obscure (and possibly fictional) Portuguese mariner, who is alleged to have captained the first exploratory expedition dispatched by Prince Henry the N...
Didrik Pining
Didrik Pining (c. 1430 – 1491) was a German privateer, nobleman and governor of Iceland and Vardøhus. He is most notable because some have proposed that he may have landed in North America in the 1470...
Age of Sail
The Age of Sail was a period roughly corresponding to the early modern period in which international trade and naval warfare were dominated by sailing ships, lasting from the 16th to the mid-19th cent...