Song Dynasty
The Song dynasty (Chinese: 宋朝; pinyin: Sòng Cháo; Wade-Giles: Sung Ch'ao; Cantonese Jyutping: sung3 ciu4; [sʊ̂ŋ tʂʰɑ̌ʊ̯]) was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until...
Sixteen Prefectures
The Japanese National Police Agency has officially confirmed +5000 deaths, =2000 injuries, and +9000 people missing across sixteen prefectures, but estimate...
Song Dynasty
The Song dynasty came to power in China in 960 AD after a period of turmoil and civil wars in China. Emperor Taizu of Song led numerous military campaigns to...
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms (simplified Chinese: 五代十国; traditional Chinese: 五代十國; pinyin: Wǔdài Shíguó) was an era of political upheaval in China from 907–960/979 AD, between the fall ...
History of the Song Dynasty
The Song dynasty (Chinese: 宋朝; pinyin: Sòng cháo; 960–1279, 1276 according to some sources) of China was a ruling dynasty that controlled China proper and southern China from the middle of the 10th ce...
Science and technology of the Song Dynasty
The Song dynasty (Chinese: 宋朝; 960–1279 CE) provided some of the most significant technological advances in Chinese history, many of which came from talented statesmen drafted by the government th...
Technology of the Song Dynasty
The Song dynasty (Chinese: 宋朝; 960–1279 CE) provided some of the most significant technological advances in Chinese history, many of which came from talented statesmen drafted by the government th...
Architecture of the Song Dynasty
The architecture of the Song dynasty (960–1279) was noted for its towering Buddhist pagodas, enormous stone and wooden bridges, lavish tombs, and extravagant palaces. Although literary works on archit...
Economy of the Song Dynasty
For over three centuries, China's economy during the Song Dynasty (960–1279) experienced unprecedented changes. From a long-run, economic growth point of view, the most notable change was the increase...
Culture of the Song Dynasty
The Song dynasty (960–1279 AD) was a culturally rich and sophisticated age for China. There was blossoming of and advancements in the visual arts, music, literature, and philosophy. Officials of the r...
Society of the Song Dynasty
Chinese society during the Song dynasty (960–1279) was marked by political and legal reforms, a philosophical revival of Confucianism, and the development of cities beyond administrative purposes into...
Mongol conquest of the Song Dynasty
The Mongol conquest of the Song dynasty under Kublai Khan (r. 1260–1294) was the final step for the Mongols to rule the whole of China. It is also considered the Mongol Empire's last great military ac...
Chanyuan Treaty
The Chanyuan Treaty (simplified Chinese: 澶渊之盟; traditional Chinese: 澶淵之盟; pinyin: Chányuān Zhī Méng) in 1004/05 was the pivotal point in the relations between the Northern Song (960-1127) ...
Jingkang Incident
The Jingkang Incident (simplified Chinese: 靖康事变; traditional Chinese: 靖康事變), the Humiliation of Jingkang (simplified Chinese: 靖康之耻; traditional Chinese: 靖康之恥), or The Disorders of the ...
Huarui Furen
Consort Xu (徐惠妃) (c. 940 – 976) was a concubine of Later Shu's emperor Meng Chang during imperial China's Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period. More commonly known as Madame Huarui (花蕊夫人), she was a...
Guyue Bridge
The Guyue Bridge (simplified Chinese: 古月桥; traditional Chinese: 古月橋; pinyin: Gǔ Yuè Qiáo) is an ancient Chinese arch bridge located in Yiwu, Jinhua, Zhejiang province, People's Republic of...
Wang Yucheng
Wang Yucheng (or Yu-Ch'eng) (王禹偁, 954–1001) was a Chinese poet from Juye in the Shandong province. He served in a government post and was known for forthright criticism of policies; this led to his e...
Huizi (currency)
The Huizi (simplified Chinese: 会子; traditional Chinese: 會子; pinyin: huì zi), issued in the year 1160, was the official banknote of the Chinese Southern Song dynasty. It has the highest amo...
Four Great Books of Song
The Four Great Books of Song (simplified Chinese: 宋四大书; traditional Chinese: 宋四大書; pinyin: Sòngsìdàshū) was compiled by Li Fang (925-996) and others during the Song dynasty (960–1279). The...
Wuzhen pian
The Wuzhen pian (Chinese: 悟真篇; pinyin: Wùzhēn piān; Wade–Giles: Wu-chen p'ien; literally: "Folios on Awakening to Reality/Perfection") is a 1075 Daoist classic on Neidan-style internal...
1048 Yellow River flood
The AD 1048 Yellow River flood was a natural disaster along the Yellow River in China caused by the failure of a fascine at Shanghu.After five years of failed efforts to restore the river to its previ...