Sikh gurus
The Sikh Gurus established Sikhism over the centuries, beginning in the year 1469. Sikhism was founded by the first guru, Guru Nanak, and subsequently, each guru, in succession, was referred to as "Na...
Sikh gurus - Wikipedia
Guru Nanak Dev
Guru Nanak  pronunciation  (Punjabi: ਗੁਰੂ ਨਾਨਕ; Hindi: गुरु नानक, Urdu: گرونانک, [ˈɡʊɾu ˈnɑnək] Gurū Nānak) (15 April 1469 – 22 September 1539) was the founder of Sikhism and the fir...
Guru Nanak Dev - Wikipedia
Guru Har Krishan
Guru Har Krishan ([ɡʊru həɾ kɾɪʃən]; 23 July 1656 – 30 March 1664) was the eighth of the ten Sikh Gurus. He became Guru on 7 October 1661, succeeding his father, Guru Har Rai. After his death, hi...
Guru Har Krishan - Wikipedia
Sahibzada Zorawar Singh
Sahibzada Zorawar Singh (Punjabi: ਸਾਹਿਬਜ਼ਾਦਾ ਜ਼ੋਰਾਵਰ ਸਿੰਘ) was the third of Guru Gobind Singh's four sons. He and his younger brother, Sahibzada Fateh Singh are among the most hallowed martyrs in ...
Second Battle of Anandpur
The Second Battle of Anandpur was fought at Anandpur, between the armies of the Sikh Guru Gobind Singh and an allied force of the Rajas of the Sivalik Hills. The battle occurred in 1704.
The hill ...
Second Battle of Anandpur - Wikipedia
Sahibzada Jujhar Singh
Sahibzada Jujhar Singh (1691–1705), the second son of Guru Gobind Singh, was born to Mata Jito(also known as Mata Sundari) at Anandpur Sahib on March 14, 1691. This event is now celebrated on April 9 ...
Mata Khivi
Khivi (1506–1582) also referred to as Mata Khivi or Bibi Khivi was the wife of Guru Angad Dev, second Sikh guru.
Khivi was born in 1506 into a Marwaha Khatri family to Devi Chand and Karan Devi in...
Guru Amar Das
Guru Amar Das ([ɡʊru əməɾ dɑs]; 5 May 1479 – 1 September 1574) was the third of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and was given the title of Sikh Guru on 26 March 1552. He died at an age of 95.
Guru Amar D...
Guru Amar Das - Wikipedia
Guru Gobind Singh
Guru Gobind Singh ( pronunciation ;born Gobind Rai; 22 December 1666 – 7 October 1708) was the last of the 10 Sikh Gurus. He was a warrior, poet and philosopher. He succeeded his father Guru...
Guru Gobind Singh - Wikipedia
Mata Sundari
Mātā Sundarī (Gurmukhī alphabet: ਮਾਤਾ ਸੁੰਦਰੀ, Shahmukhī alphabet: ماتا سندری) was the daughter of Ram Saran of Lahore, and wife to Guru Gobind Singh. The couple had four sons : Sahibzada Ajit Sin...
Ragas in the Guru Granth Sahib
A raga is a complex structure of musical melody used in the Indian classical music. It is a set of rules of how to build a melody which can ignite a certain mood in the reciter and listeners. The Sikh...
Ragas in the Guru Granth Sahib - Wikipedia
Guru Tegh Bahadur
Guru Tegh Bahadur (Punjabi: ਗੁਰੂ ਤੇਗ਼ ਬਹਾਦਰ, [ɡʊru teɣ bəhɑdʊɾ]; 1 April 1621 – 11 November 1675,), also known as Hind-di-Chaadar (Protector of India) became the 9th Guru of Sikhs on 16 April...
Mata Gujri
Mata Gujri (1624–1705) was the wife of Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Guru of Sikhism, and the mother of Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru of Sikhism. She is considered to be one of the prominent figure...
Guru Har Rai
Guru Har Rai ([ɡʊru həɾ ɾɑɪ]; 16 January 1630 – 6 October 1661) was the seventh of the Sikh Gurus. He became Guru on 8 March 1644 following the footsteps of his grandfather. Just before his death at a...
Bhai Gurdas
Bhai Gurdas (1551 – 25 August 1636) was a Punjabi Sikh writer, historian, preacher and religious figure. He was the original scribe of the Guru Granth Sahib and a companion of four of the Sikh Gurus.<...
Guru Arjan Dev
Guru Arjan ([ɡʊru əɾdʒən]; 15 April 1563 – 30 May 1606) was the first martyr of Sikh faith and the fifth of the eleven Sikh Gurus, who compiled writings to create the eleventh, the living Guru, Guru G...
Guru Arjan Dev - Wikipedia
Guru Angad Dev
Guru Angad (31 March 1504 – 28 March 1552) was the second of the ten Sikh Gurus. He was born in the village of Sarae Naga in Muktsar District in Punjab on 31 March 1504. The name Lehna was given short...
Guru Angad Dev - Wikipedia
Mehta Kalu
Kalu Mehta (formally Kalyan Chand Das Bedi also known as Kalidas Chandarana) was the father of Guru Nanak Dev (1469–1539), the founder and first guru of Sikhs. He was a Hindu.A Khatri by caste of the ...
Shaheedi Jor Mela
Shaheedi Jor Mela is a mela (fair) organised every year in December at Gurdwara Fatehgarh Sahib, in the Fatehgarh Sahib district of Punjab, India to pay homage to the martyrdom of Zorawar Singh and Fa...
Shaheedi Jor Mela - Wikipedia
Guru Granth Sahib
Guru Granth Sahib (Punjabi (Gurmukhi): ਗੁਰੂ ਗਰੰਥ ਸਾਹਿਬ, [ɡʊɾu ɡɾəntʰ sɑhɪb]) is the central religious text of Sikhism, considered by Sikhs to be the final, sovereign guru among the lineage of 11 Sikh ...
Guru Granth Sahib - Wikipedia
First Battle of Anandpur
The First Battle of Anandpur was fought at Anandpur, between the armies of the Sikh Guru Gobind Singh and the Mughal forces aided by the Rajas of the Sivalik Hills. The battle is dated 1701 by most au...
First Battle of Anandpur - Wikipedia
Guru Ram Das
Guru Ram Das ([ɡʊru ɾɑm dɑs]; 1534–1581) was the fourth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and was given the title of Sikh Guru on 30 August 1574. He was Guru for seven years.Ram Das was born in Chuna Mandi...
Battle of Chamkaur
The Battle Of Chamkaur or also known as Battle Of Chamkaur Sahib was a battle fought between the Khalsa led by Gobind Singh against the Mughal forces led by Wazir Khan. Gobind Singh makes a reference ...
Guru Hargobind
Guru Har Gobind, ([ɡʊru həɾɡobɪnd sɑhɪb]) also Saccha Padshah ("True Emperor") (5 July 1595 – 19 March 1644 ). According to another tradition, he was born on 5 July 1595. He was the sixth of the Sikh ...
Guru Hargobind - Wikipedia
Mata Tripta
Mata Tripta was the mother of Guru Nanak Dev, the founder of Sikhism. Mata Tripta gave birth to Guru Nanak Dev on April 15, 1469, in the village of Rai Bhoi Di Talwandi, some forty miles west of Lahor...
Sahibzada Fateh Singh
Sahibzada Fateh Singh was the youngest of Guru Gobind Singh's four sons. He and his older brother, Sahibzada Zorawar Singh are among the most hallowed martyrs in Sikhism. He is also known as Baba Fa...
Gurmukhi
Gurmukhi (Punjabi: ਗੁਰਮੁਖੀ, [ɡʊɾmʊkʰi]) is the most common script used for writing the Punjabi language in India. An abugida derived from the Laṇḍā script and ultimately descended from Brahmi, Gu...
Gurmukhi - Wikipedia
Sahibzada Ajit Singh
Ajit Singh (1687–1705) also referred to with honorifics as Sahibzada Ajit Singh or Baba Ajit Singh was the eldest son of Sikh guru Guru Gobind Singh. His younger brothers were Sahibzada Jujhar Singh...
Saka Sirhind
Chhotte Sahibzade (Punjabi: ਛੋਟੇ ਸਾਹਿਬਜ਼ਾਦੇ) of Guru Gobind Singh attained martyrdom on 26 December 1705 at a very young age. This is known as Saka Sirhind. Everyyear on 26 December, Shaheedi Jor ...