Marja' (Islamic law)
Marjaʿ (Arabic: مرجع) (Plural: marājiʿ), also known as a marjaʿ taqlīdī or marjaʿ dīnī (Arabic : مرجع تقليدي / مرجع ديني), literally means "Source to Imitate/Follow" or "Religious Reference"....
Numerology (Ismailism)
Numerology is an element of Ismailis belief; the idea that numbers have religious meanings. The number seven plays a general role in the theology of the Ismā'īliyya, including mystical speculations th...
Taqiyya
In Shi'a Islam, taqiya (تقیة taqiyyah/taqīyah) is a form of religious dissimulation, or a legal dispensation whereby a believing individual can deny his faith or commit otherwise illegal or blasphemou...
Nafs
Nafs (نَفْس) is an Arabic word (cognate of the Hebrew word "Nefesh" נפש) occurring in the Qur'an and means self, psyche, ego or soul. In the Quran, the word is used in both the individualistic (e.g. v...
Tawhid
Tawhid (Arabic: توحيد‎ tawḥīd, meaning doctrine of "the oneness" of God; also transliterated as Tawheed and Tauheed) is the concept of monotheism in Islam. It is the religion's most fundamen...
The Occultation
The Occultation (Arabic: غيبة‎ Ghaybah) in Shia Islam refers to a belief that the messianic figure, or Mahdi, who in Shi'i thought is an infallible male descendant of the founder of Islam, ...
Athari
Athari (Classical Arabic: أثري; textualism) is a school or movement of traditionalist Islamic scholars who reject Islamic "theology" (kalam) in favor of strict textualism in interpreting the Quran. ...
Commanding what is just
Commanding the just (Arabic: امر بالمعروف‎ Amr bi l-Ma‘rūf) is a part of Shia Islam's Branches of Religion. It refers to encouraging people to do the necessary good in life even when they ha...
Batin (Islam)
Batin (Arabic: باطن) is defined as the interior or hidden meaning of the Quran. This is in contrast to the Quran's exterior or apparent meaning (the Zahir). Some Muslim groups believe that the bāṭen...
Divine call
The Divine call, Unitarian call, or Da‘wat at-tawḥīd is the Druze period of time that was opened at sunset on Thursday 30 May 1017 CE by Fātimid Caliph Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah and closed in 1043 CE by ...
Reincarnation
Reincarnation is the religious or philosophical concept that the soul or spirit, after biological death, can begin a new life in a new body. This doctrine is a central tenet of the Indian religions. I...
Tabarra
Tabarra (Arabic: تبرأ‎) is a Shia Muslim doctrine that refers to the obligation of disassociation with those who oppose God and those who caused harm to and were the enemies of the Islamic...
Al-Yamani (Shiism)
The Yamani or al-Yamani (Arabic: "from Yemen"‎) is a pre-messianic figure in Shia Islamic eschatology, who is prophesied to appear to the people to "guide them to the right path" prior to th...
Zahir (Islam)
In tafsir, zahir (Arabic: ظاهر‎) is the exoteric or apparent meaning of the Quran. It is also the underlying principle of the Ẓāhiriyya, a school of thought in Islamic jurisprudence and Aqid...
Ash'ari
Ash'arism or Ashʿari theology (/æʃəˈriː/; Arabic الأشعرية al-Asha`riyya or الأشاعرة al-Ashā`irah) is an early theological school of Islam (Sunni in particular) founded by Imam Abu al-Hasan al-Ash'ari ...
Bada'
Badā' (meaning: "revealing after concealing", or "alteration in the divine will") is a Shia Islamic concept regarding God. It refers to God revealing his will about a decision, wherein the people thou...
Religious intellectualism in Iran
Religious intellectualism in Iran (in Persian: روشنفکری دينی) reached its apogee during the Persian Constitutional Revolution (1906–11). The process involved philosophers, sociologists, political sci...
Sufi cosmology
Sufi cosmology (Arabic: الكوزمولوجية الصوفية‎) is a general term for cosmological doctrines associated with the mysticism of Sufism. These may differ from place to place, order to order and ...
Early Islamic philosophy
Early Islamic philosophy or classical Islamic philosophy is a period of intense philosophical development beginning in the 2nd century AH of the Islamic calendar (early 9th century CE) and lasting unt...
Theology of Twelvers
The theology of Twelver Shias contains five Principles of the Religion known as Uṣūl ad-Dīn. Usul al-dín (أصول الدين) is an Arabic Islamic term which literally translates as 'foundation of the faith',...
Cosmological argument
The cosmological argument is a closely related set of arguments for the existence of a First Cause (or instead, an Uncaused cause) to the universe, and by extension often used as arguments for the exi...
Adalah
'Adalah (Arabic: عدالة‎) means justice and denotes The Justice of God. It is among the five Shia Principles of the Religion.The Shias believe that there is intrinsic good or evil in things, ...
Ontological argument
An ontological argument is a philosophical argument for the existence of God that uses ontology. Many arguments fall under the category of the ontological, and they tend to involve arguments about th...
Taqlid
Taqlid or taqleed (Arabic تَقْليد taqlīd) is an Arabic term in Islamic legal terminology. It literally means "to follow (someone)", "to imitate". In Islamic legal terminology it means to follow a muj...
Mi'ad
In Islamic context, the Mi'ad (Arabic: معاد‎ mi‘ād) is the Resurrection and the fifth Shi'a Usūl ad-Dīn. It is the belief that Allah will resurrect all of mankind to be judged.
Twelve Imams
The Twelve Imams are the spiritual and political successors to the Islamic prophet Muhammad in the Twelver or Athnā‘ashariyyah branch of Shia Islam and in Alevi Islam.According to the theology of Twel...
Ritual purity in Islam
Purity (Arabic: طهارة‎, Tahara(h)) is an essential aspect of Islam. (The same term taharah is also found in Hebrew — see tumah and taharah— applying to purity in Ancient Israel and modern Ju...
Panentheism (Ismailism)
With the exception of the Mustaali and Nizari Ismaili, most of other Ismaili Shi'a Muslims believe in panentheism, meaning God is both reality and transcendent of it. While the figure of the Godhead i...