Semiconductor manufacturing
Semiconductor device fabrication is the process used to create the integrated circuits that are present in everyday electrical and electronic devices. It is a multiple-step sequence of photo lithograp...
Semiconductor manufacturing - Wikipedia
The Challenge Of Mining Rare-Earth Materials Outside China
Five years ago, the cost of rare-earth materials that are critical for today’s electronics went through the roof. An export quota set by China, which mines most of the world’s rare earths, caused the ...
A New Kind Of Wood Chip: Collaboration Could Lead To Biodegradable Computer Chips
In an effort to alleviate the environmental burden of electronic devices, a team of University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers has collaborated with researchers in the Madison-based U.S. Department o...
3-D Microbattery Suitable For Large-Scale On-Chip Integration
y combining 3-D holographic lithography and 2-D photolithography, researchers from the Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have demonstrated a high-performance 3-D microbattery suitable for large-sc...
New Chip Architecture May Provide Foundation For Quantum Computer
Quantum computers are in theory capable of simulating the interactions of molecules at a level of detail far beyond the capabilities of even the largest supercomputers today. Such simulations could re...
The Law That Predicts Computing Power Turns 50
Today represents a historic milestone in technology: it's the 50th anniversary of Moore's Law, the observation that the complexity of computer chips tends to double at a regular rate. On April 19th, 1...
Integrated circuit
An integrated circuit or monolithic integrated circuit (also referred to as an IC, a chip, or a microchip) is a set of electronic circuits on one small plate ("chip") of semiconductor material, normal...
Integrated circuit - Wikipedia
Wafer (semiconductor)
A wafer, also called a slice or substrate, is a thin slice of semiconductor material, such as a crystalline silicon, used in electronics for the fabrication of integrated circuits and in photovoltaics...
Wafer (semiconductor) - Wikipedia
FEOL
The front-end-of-line (FEOL) is the first portion of IC fabrication where the individual devices (transistors, capacitors, resistors, etc.) are patterned in the semiconductor. FEOL generally covers ev...
BEOL
The back end of line (BEOL) is the second portion of IC fabrication where the individual devices (transistors, capacitors, resistors, etc.) get interconnected with wiring on the wafer. BEOL generally ...
Wafer testing
Wafer testing is a step performed during semiconductor device fabrication. During this step, performed before a wafer is sent to die preparation, all individual integrated circuits that are present on...
Wafer testing - Wikipedia
Wafer backgrinding
Wafer backgrinding is a semiconductor device fabrication step during which wafer thickness is reduced to allow for stacking and high density packaging of integrated circuits (IC).ICs are being produce...
Die preparation
Die preparation is a step of semiconductor device fabrication during which a wafer is prepared for IC packaging and IC testing. The process of die preparation typically consists of 2 steps: wafer moun...
Die preparation - Wikipedia
Integrated circuit packaging
In electronics manufacturing, integrated circuit packaging is the final stage of semiconductor device fabrication, in which the tiny block of semiconducting material is encased in a supporting case th...
The Challenge Of Mining Rare-Earth Materials Outside China
Five years ago, the cost of rare-earth materials that are critical for today’s electronics went through the roof. An export quota set by China, which mines most of the world’s rare earths, caused the ...
Zilog Z80000
The Z80000 ("zee-eighty-thousand" American, "zed-eighty-thousand" British) is Zilog's 32-bit processor, first released in 1986. It is essentially a 32-bit expansion of its 16-bit predecessor, the Zilo...
R4600
The R4600, code-named "Orion", is a microprocessor developed by Quantum Effect Design (QED) that implemented the MIPS III instruction set architecture (ISA). As QED was a design firm that did not fabr...
R4600 - Wikipedia
List of Intel Pentium 4 microprocessors
The Pentium 4 microprocessor from Intel is a seventh-generation CPU targeted at the consumer market.
List of Intel Pentium 4 microprocessors - Wikipedia
Programmable sound generator
A programmable sound generator, or PSG, is a sound chip that generates sound waves by synthesizing multiple basic waveforms, and often some kind of noise generator, (all controlled by writing data to ...
DirectCompute
Microsoft DirectCompute is an application programming interface (API) that supports general-purpose computing on graphics processing units on Microsoft's Windows Vista, Windows 7, and Windows 8. Direc...
Intel 82497
The Intel 82497 is a Cache Controller for the P5 Pentium processor. It works with multiple 82492 Cache SRAMs.
The 82497 Cache Controller implements the MESI write-back protocol for full multiproce...
Intel 82497 - Wikipedia
Soft microprocessor
A soft microprocessor (also called softcore microprocessor or a soft processor) is a microprocessor core that can be wholly implemented using logic synthesis. It can be implemented via different semic...
Intel 8259
The Intel 8259 is a Programmable Interrupt Controller (PIC) designed for the Intel 8085 and Intel 8086 microprocessors. The initial part was 8259, a later A suffix version was upward compatible and us...
Intel 8259 - Wikipedia
Stepping (version numbers)
The term stepping level in the context of CPU architecture or integrated circuit is a version number.Stepping level refers to the introduction or revision of the lithographic photomask or masks within...
Timing delay in vlsi circuit
VLSI circuits encounter mainly the following delays:gate delay Interconnect delay / wire delay / Transition slew / flight time Propagation delay Contamination delay
MT6235
The MT6235 is a processor used in many Chinese cellular phones. It is a member of the MT62xx series of processors by MediaTek.The MediaTek processor based Chinese cell phones often come with features ...
MT6235 - Wikipedia
WDC 65816/65802
The W65C816S (also 65C816 or 65816) is a 16-bit microprocessor (MPU) developed and sold by the Western Design Center (WDC).  Introduced in 1983, the W65C816S is an enhanced version of the WDC 65C...
WDC 65816/65802 - Wikipedia
Die attachment
In electronics manufacturing, integrated circuit packaging is the final stage of semiconductor device fabrication, in which the tiny block of semiconducting material is encased in a supporting case th...
Single-board microcontroller
A single-board microcontroller is a microcontroller built onto a single printed circuit board. This board provides all of the circuitry necessary for a useful control task: microprocessor, I/O circuit...
Single-board microcontroller - Wikipedia
P-n junction isolation
p–n junction isolation is a method used to electrically isolate electronic components, such as transistors, on an integrated circuit (IC) by surrounding the components with reverse biased p–n junction...