Scientific racism
Scientific racism is the use of scientific techniques and hypotheses to support or justify the belief in racism, racial inferiority, or racial superiority, or alternatively the practice of classifying...
High-Pitched Voice Theory - Neanderthal
Vocal experts examine the first full skeleton of a neanderthal ever to be discovered and uncover insights into the most likely sound our primitive cousins wo...
Race (historical definitions)
Historical race concepts have varied across cultures and over time, and have been controversial for social, political and scientific reasons. Until the 19th century, race was thought by many to consti...
Historical definitions of race
Historical race concepts have varied across cultures and over time, and have been controversial for social, political and scientific reasons. Until the 19th century, race was thought by many to consti...
Craniometry
Craniometry is measurement of the cranium (the main part of the skull), usually the human cranium. It is a subset of cephalometry, measurement of the head. It is distinct from phrenology, the pseudosc...
Biological anthropology
Biological anthropology, also known as physical anthropology, is a scientific discipline concerned with the biological and behavioral aspects of human beings, their related non-human primates and thei...
Monogenism
Monogenism or sometimes monogenesis is the theory of human origins which posits a common descent for all human races. The negation of monogenism is polygenism. This issue was hotly debated in the West...
Polygenism
Polygenism is a theory of human origins positing that the human races are of different origins (polygenesis). This is opposite to the idea of monogenism, which posits a single origin of humanity.
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Carnegie Commission on the Poor White Problem in South Africa
"The Poor White Problem in South Africa: Report of the Carnegie Commission" (1932) was a study of poverty among white South Africans that made recommendations about segregation that some have argued w...
Racial policy of Nazi Germany
The racial policy of Nazi Germany was a set of policies and laws implemented by Nazi Germany, asserting the superiority of the "Aryan race", and based on a specific racist doctrine which claimed scien...
Racial segregation in the United States
Racial segregation in the United States, as a general term, included the segregation or "hypersegregation" of facilities, services, and opportunities such as housing, medical care, education, employme...
Nordic race
The Nordic race was one of the putative sub-races into which some late 19th to mid 20th century anthropologists divided the Caucasian race. People of the Nordic type were described as having light-col...
Samuel A. Cartwright
Samuel Adolphus Cartwright (November 3, 1793 – May 2, 1863) was a physician who practiced in Mississippi and Louisiana in the antebellum United States. Cartwright is best known as the inventor of the ...
Hans F. K. Günther
Hans Friedrich Karl Günther (February 16, 1891 – September 25, 1968) was a German race researcher and eugenicist in the Weimar Republic and the Third Reich. He was also known as Race Günther (Rassengü...
Drapetomania
Drapetomania was a supposed mental illness described by American physician Samuel A. Cartwright in 1851 that caused black slaves to flee captivity. Today, drapetomania is considered an example of pseu...
Human zoo
Human zoos, also called ethnological expositions, were 19th- and 20th-century public exhibits of humans, usually in a so-called natural or primitive state. The displays often emphasized the cultural d...
The Mongol in Our Midst
The Mongol in Our Midst: A Study of Man and His Three Faces is a book by the British physician F. G. Crookshank that was first published in 1924. It advanced the now-discredited idea, then prevalent ...
Ernst Haeckel
Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haeckel ([ˈhɛkəl]; 16 February 1834 – 9 August 1919) was a German biologist, naturalist, philosopher, physician, professor, and artist who discovered, described and named...
Josiah C. Nott
Josiah Clark Nott (March 31, 1804 – March 31, 1873) was an American physician and surgeon. He was also an author of surgical, yellow fever, and racist theories.Nott was influenced by th...
Jean Baptiste Julien d'Omalius d'Halloy
Jean Baptiste Julien d'Omalius d'Halloy (1783–1875) was a Belgian geologist. He also wrote on races.
He was born at Liège, Belgium on February 16, 1783. He was the only son of an ancient and noble...
The Races of Europe (Ripley)
William Z. Ripley published in 1899 The Races of Europe: A Sociological Study, which grew out of a series of lectures he gave at the Lowell Institute at Columbia in 1896. Ripley believed that race was...
Herbert Hope Risley
Sir Herbert Hope Risley KCIE CSI (4 January 1851 – 30 September 1911) was a British ethnographer and colonial administrator, a member of the Indian Civil Service who conducted extensive studies o...
Nicolás Palacios
Nicolás Palacios (September 9, 1854 – June 11, 1931) was a Chilean physician and writer born in Santa Cruz, best known for his writings on the "Chilean race" and national identity. His uncopyrighted 1...
Houston Stewart Chamberlain
Houston Stewart Chamberlain (9 September 1855 – 9 January 1927) was an English author of books on political philosophy, natural science and son-in-law of the German composer Richard Wagner; he is desc...
Ludwig Woltmann
Ludwig Woltmann (born 18 February 1871 in Solingen; died 30 January 1907) was a German anthropologist, zoologist and Marxist theoretician.Ludwig Woltmann falls in the spiritual and ideological histor...
Bertil Lundman
Bertil J. Lundman (28 September 1899, Malmö – 5 November 1993) was a Swedish anthropologist. He is best known for having created a racial classification system of Europeans in his book The Races and P...
Residential Segregation
Residential segregation is the physical separation of two or more groups into different neighborhoods, or a form of segregation that "sorts population groups into various neighborhood contexts and sha...
Color terminology for race
In some societies and among some anthropologists, color terminology was used to label races, sometimes in addition to a non-color term for the same race. Identifying races in terms of their human skin...
George Gliddon
George Robbins Gliddon (1809–1857) was an English-born American Egyptologist. He was born in Devonshire, England. His father, a merchant, was United States consul at Alexandria where Gliddon was taken...