Revolutions of 1848
The Revolutions of 1848, known in some countries as the Spring of Nations, Springtime of the Peoples or the Year of Revolution, were a series of political upheavals throughout Europe in 1848. It remai...
Revolutions of 1848 - Wikipedia
Sicilian revolution of independence of 1848
The Sicilian revolution of independence of 1848 occurred in a year replete with revolutions and popular revolts. It commenced on 12 January 1848, and therefore was one of the first of the numerous ...
Sicilian revolution of independence of 1848 - Wikipedia
Revolutions of 1848 in the Italian states
The 1848 revolutions in the Italian states were organized revolts in the states of the Italian peninsula and Sicily, led by intellectuals and agitators who desired a liberal government. As Italian nat...
Revolutions of 1848 in the Italian states - Wikipedia
French Revolution of 1848
The 1848 Revolution in France, sometimes known as the February Revolution (révolution de Février), was one of a wave of revolutions in 1848 in Europe. In France the revolutionary events ended the Orle...
French Revolution of 1848 - Wikipedia
Revolutions of 1848 in the German states
The Revolutions of 1848 in the German states, also called the March Revolution (German: Märzrevolution), were part of the Revolutions of 1848 that broke out in many European countries. They were a...
Revolutions of 1848 in the German states - Wikipedia
History of Denmark
The history of Denmark dates back about 12,000 years, to the end of the last ice age, with the earliest evidence of human inhabitation. The Danes were first documented in written sources around 500 AD...
History of Denmark - Wikipedia
First Schleswig War
The First Schleswig War (German: Schleswig-Holsteinischer Krieg) or Three Years' War (Danish: Treårskrigen) was the first round of military conflict in southern Denmark and northern Germany ro...
First Schleswig War - Wikipedia
Revolutions of 1848 in the Habsburg areas
From March 1848 through November 1849, the Habsburg Austrian Empire was threatened by revolutionary movements. Much of the revolutionary activity was of a nationalist character: the empire, ruled from...
Revolutions of 1848 in the Habsburg areas - Wikipedia
Hungarian Revolution of 1848
The Hungarian Revolution of 1848 was one of the many European Revolutions of 1848 and closely linked to other revolutions of 1848 in the Habsburg areas. The revolution in the Kingdom of Hungary grew i...
Hungarian Revolution of 1848 - Wikipedia
Sonderbund War
The Sonderbund War (German: Sonderbundskrieg) of November 1847 was a civil war in Switzerland. It ensued after seven Catholic cantons formed the Sonderbund ("separate alliance") in 1845 to protect...
Sonderbund War - Wikipedia
Greater Poland Uprising (1848)
The Greater Poland Uprising of 1848 or Poznań Uprising (Polish: powstanie wielkopolskie 1848 roku or powstanie poznańskie) was an unsuccessful military insurrection of Poles against Prussian force...
Greater Poland Uprising (1848) - Wikipedia
Wallachian Revolution of 1848
The Wallachian Revolution of 1848 was a Romanian liberal and nationalist uprising in the Principality of Wallachia. Part of the Revolutions of 1848, and closely connected with the unsuccessful revolt ...
Wallachian Revolution of 1848 - Wikipedia
Praieira revolt
The Praieira revolt, also known as the Beach rebellion, was a movement in the Pernambuco region of Brazil that lasted from 1848 to 1849. The revolt, influenced by revolutions taking place in Europe, ...
Praieira revolt - Wikipedia
Frankfurt Parliament
The Frankfurt Assembly (German: Frankfurter Nationalversammlung, literally Frankfurt National Assembly) was the first freely elected parliament for all of Germany, elected on 1 May 1848 (see Germa...
Frankfurt Parliament - Wikipedia
French Second Republic
The French Second Republic was the republican government of France between the 1848 Revolution and the 1851 coup by Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte which initiated the Second Empire. It officially adopted th...
French Second Republic - Wikipedia
Crimean War
The Crimean War, also known in Russian historiography as the Eastern War of 1853–1856 (October 1853 – February 1856), was a conflict in which Russia lost to an alliance of France, Britain, the Ottoman...
Crimean War - Wikipedia
French constitutional referendum, 1851
A referendum was held in France on 20 and 21 December 1851. Voters were asked whether they approved of the continuation of the authority of Louis Napoléon Bonaparte and to delegate the powers required...
French constitutional referendum, 1851 - Wikipedia
Johann Friedrich Struensee
Count Johann Friedrich Struensee (5 August 1737 – 28 April 1772) was a German doctor. He became royal physician to the mentally ill King Christian VII of Denmark and a minister in the Danish governmen...
Johann Friedrich Struensee - Wikipedia
Battle of Mestre
The sortie on Mestre occurred during the revolutionary year of 1848 on October 27. Italian volunteers charged the Austrian fortification, took the town and withdrew, with the loot of three baggage-wag...
Battle of Mestre - Wikipedia
Davicion Bally
Davicion Bally (January 29, 1809 in Bucharest – May 2, 1884 in Jerusalem) was a Romanian Jewish public servant.
His great-grandfather, Chelebi Mentesh Bally, banker to the Grand Vizier of Is...
Davicion Bally - Wikipedia
French presidential election, 1848
The first-ever French presidential election of 1848 elected the first and only president of the Second Republic. The election was held on 10 December 1848 and led to the surprise victory of Louis-Napo...
French presidential election, 1848 - Wikipedia
Vormärz
Vormärz ([ˈfoːɐ̯ˌmɛʁts]; English: pre-March) was a period in the history of Germany preceding the 1848 March Revolution in the states of the German Confederation. The beginning of the period is less ...
Proclamation of Islaz
The Proclamation of Islaz (Romanian: Proclamaţia de la Islaz) was the program adopted on June 9, 1848 by Romanian revolutionaries. It was written by Ion Heliade Rădulescu. On June 11, under pressu...
Proclamation of Islaz - Wikipedia
1848 Moldavian revolution
The Moldavian Revolution of 1848 was an unsuccessful Romanian liberal and Romantic nationalist revolt in the principality of Moldavia. Part of the Revolutions of 1848, and closely connected with the s...
1848 Moldavian revolution - Wikipedia
French demonstration of 15 May 1848
The French demonstration of 15 May 1848 was an event played out, mostly, in the streets of Paris. It was intended to reverse the results of a Second-Republic election of deputies to the Constituent As...
Five Days of Milan
The Five Days of Milan (Italian: Cinque giornate di Milano) were a major event in the Revolutionary Year of 1848 and the start of the First Italian War of Independence. On March 18, a rebellion ar...
Five Days of Milan - Wikipedia
Unification of Germany
The formal unification of Germany into a politically and administratively integrated nation state officially occurred on 18 January 1871 at the Versailles Palace's Hall of Mirrors in France. Princes o...
Unification of Germany - Wikipedia
Ștefan Golescu
Ștefan Golescu (1809 – 1874) was a Wallachian Romanian politician who served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs for two terms from 1 March 1867 to 5 August 1867 and from 13 November 1867 to 30 A...
Ștefan Golescu - Wikipedia
Jakob Fugger
Jakob Fugger of the Lily (German: Jakob Fugger von der Lilie) (6 March 1459 – 30 December 1525), also known as Jakob Fugger the Rich or sometimes Jakob II, was a major merchant, mining entrepreneu...
Jakob Fugger - Wikipedia