Pre-Socratic philosophy
Pre-Socratic philosophy is Greek philosophy before Socrates (and includes schools contemporary with Socrates that were not influenced by him). In Classical antiquity, the Presocratic philosophers were...
Pre-Socratic philosophy - Wikipedia
Pythagoreanism
Pythagoreanism was the system of esoteric and metaphysical beliefs held by Pythagoras and his followers, the Pythagoreans, who were considerably influenced by mathematics, music and astronomy. Pythago...
Pythagoreanism - Wikipedia
Protagoras
Protagoras (/proʊˈtæɡərəs/; Greek: Πρωταγόρας; c. 490 – c. 420 BC) was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher and is numbered as one of the sophists by Plato. In his dialogue, Protagoras, Plato credits ...
Protagoras - Wikipedia
Ionian School (philosophy)
The Ionian school, a type of Greek philosophy centred in Miletus, Ionia in the 6th and 5th centuries BCE, is something of a misnomer. Although Ionia was a centre of Western philosophy, the scholars i...
Empedocles
Empedocles (/ɛmˈpɛdəkliːz/; Greek: Ἐμπεδοκλῆς [empedoklɛ̂ːs], Empedoklēs; c. 490 – c. 430 BC) was a Greek pre-Socratic philosopher and a citizen of Agrigentum, a Greek city in Sicily. Empedocles' phil...
Empedocles - Wikipedia
Unit-point atomism
According to some twentieth-century philosophers, unit-point atomism was the philosophy of the Pythagoreans, a conscious repudiation of Parmenides and the Eleatics. It stated that atoms were infinites...
Unit-point atomism - Wikipedia
Hermann Alexander Diels
Hermann Alexander Diels ([diːls]; May 18, 1848 – June 4, 1922) was a German classical scholar.
He was educated at the universities of Bonn and Berlin and in 1886 became professor ordinarius of cla...
Hermann Alexander Diels - Wikipedia
Druze
The Druze (/druːz/; Arabic: درزي‎ derzī or durzī, plural دروز durūz; Hebrew: דרוזים‎, druzim) are a monotheistic religious and social community found primarily in Syria, Lebanon, Israe...
Druze - Wikipedia
Philip Wheelwright
Philip Ellis Wheelwright (1901–1970) was an American philosopher, classical scholar and literary theorist.He is best known for two books in the field of literary criticism, The Burning Fountain: a Stu...
Bolus of Mendes
Bolus of Mendes (Greek: Βῶλος Bolos; fl. 3rd century BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher, a neo-Pythagorean writer of works of esoterica and medical works, who worked in Ptolemaic Egypt. The Suda, an...
Pherecydes of Syros
Pherecydes of Syros (/fəˈrɛsɨˌdiːz/; Φερεκύδης; fl. 6th century BC) was a Greek thinker from the island of Syros. Pherecydes authored a cosmogony, derived from three divine principles, Zas (Zeus), Ct...
Pherecydes of Syros - Wikipedia
Hippo (philosopher)
Hippo (/ˈhɪpoʊ/; Greek: Ἵππων, Hippon; fl. 5th century BC) was a Presocratic Greek philosopher. He is variously described as coming from Rhegium, Metapontum, Samos, and Croton, and it is possible that...
Themistoclea
Themistoclea (Greek: Θεμιστόκλεια Themistokleia; also Aristoclea, Theoclea; fl. 6th century BCE) was a priestess at Delphi. According to surviving sources she was Pythagoras’ teacher.In his biography ...
Anaximander
Anaximander (/əˌnæksɨˈmændər/; Greek: Ἀναξίμανδρος Anaximandros; c. 610 – c. 546 BC) was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher who lived in Miletus, a city of Ionia (in modern-day Turkey). He belonged to t...
Anaximander - Wikipedia
Material monism
Material monism is a Presocratic belief which provides an explanation of the physical world by saying that all of the world's objects are composed of a single element. Among the material monists were ...
John Burnet (classicist)
John Burnet (/bərˈnɛt, ˈbɜrnɪt/; 9 December 1863 – 26 May 1928) was a Scottish classicist. John Burnet may also refer to the University of St Andrews hall that was named in his honour, John Burne...
Hermotimus of Clazomenae
Hermotimus of Clazomenae (c. 6th century BCE), called by Lucian a Pythagorean, was a philosopher who first proposed, before Anaxagoras (according to Aristotle) the idea of mind being fundamental in th...
Pythagoras
Pythagoras of Samos (/pɪˈθæɡərəs/; /paɪˈθæɡərəs/; Greek: Πυθαγόρας ὁ Σάμιος Pythagóras ho Sámios "Pythagoras the Samian", or simply Πυθαγόρας; Πυθαγόρης in Ionian Greek; c. 570 – c. 495 BC) ...
Pythagoras - Wikipedia
Philosophy in the Tragic Age of the Greeks
Philosophy in the Tragic Age of the Greeks (German: Philosophie im tragischen Zeitalter der Griechen) is an incomplete book by Friedrich Nietzsche. He had a clean copy made from his notes with the...
Philosophy in the Tragic Age of the Greeks - Wikipedia
Abderites
Abderites or Abderite may refer to:
Abderites - Wikipedia
Pluralist school
The Pluralist school was a school of pre-Socratic philosophers who attempted to reconcile Parmenides' rejection of change with the apparently changing world of sense experience. The school consisted o...
Dyad (Greek philosophy)
The Dyad is a title used by the Pythagoreans for the number two, representing the principle of "twoness" or "otherness".Numenius of Apamea, a Neopythagorean philosopher in the latter 2nd century CE,...
Metrodorus of Lampsacus (the elder)
Metrodorus of Lampsacus (Greek: Μητρόδωρος Λαμψακηνός, Mētrodōros Lampsakēnos; 5th century BC) was a Presocratic philosopher from the Greek town of Lampsacus on the eastern shore of the Hellespont...
Metrodorus of Lampsacus (the elder) - Wikipedia
Fragmenta Philosophorum Graecorum
Fragmenta Philosophorum Graecorum (FPG) is a three-volume collection of fragments of ancient Greek philosophers. It was edited by the German scholar, Friedrich Wilhelm August Mullach, and published i...
Paired opposites
Paired opposites are an ancient, pre-Socratic method of establishing thesis, antithesis and synthesis in terms of a standard for what is right and proper in natural philosophy.
From the very begin...
Paired opposites - Wikipedia
Heraclitus
Heraclitus of Ephesus (/ˌhɛrəˈklaɪtəs/; Greek: Ἡράκλειτος ὁ Ἐφέσιος, Hērákleitos ho Ephésios; c. 535 – c. 475 BCE) was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher, a native of the Greek city Ephesus, Io...
Heraclitus - Wikipedia
Sacred geometry
Sacred geometry is the geometry used in the design and construction of religious structures such as churches, temples, mosques, religious monuments, altars, tabernacles; as well as for sacred spaces s...
Sacred geometry - Wikipedia
On Nature (Heraclitus)
On Nature is a philosophical treatise written by Heraclitus. According to Diogenes, it was divided into three discourses; one on the universe, another on politics (and ethics), and one on theology. T...
On Nature (Heraclitus) - Wikipedia