Poverty law
Poverty law is the body of law which concerns the rights of low-income individuals and families to access government benefits. In the United States, these government benefits are provided by the fede...
Agricultural Act of 1948
The Agricultural Act of 1948 (Pub.L. 80-897, 62 Stat. 1247) was enacted by the United States Congress and signed into law by President Harry S. Truman on July 3, 1948. The legislation revised and auth...
Federal Insurance Contributions Act tax
Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA) tax /ˈfaɪkə/ is a United States federal payroll (or employment) tax imposed on both employees and employers to fund Social Security and Medicare —federal pro...
President of the Local Government Board
The President of the Local Government Board was a ministerial post, frequently a Cabinet position, in the United Kingdom, established in 1871. The Local Government Board itself was established in 187...
Royal Commission on the Poor Laws and Relief of Distress 1905–09
The Royal Commission on the Poor Laws and Relief of Distress 1905–09 was a body set up by the British Parliament in order to investigate how the Poor Law system should be changed. The commission inclu...
Overseer of the poor
An overseer of the poor was an official who administered poor relief such as money, food, and clothing in England and various other countries which derived their law from England.
In England, Over...
Classifications of poor used in the Poor Law system
Classifications of poor used in the Poor Law system classified people into categories for those considered deserving of poor relief and those who were not considered deserving of poor relief.
Chamberlain Circular
The Chamberlain Circular was a circular issued in 1886 in the United Kingdom by the Local Government Board. It encouraged the setting up of work relief projects in times of high unemployment. It is ev...
Less eligibility
Less eligibility was a British government policy passed into law in the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834. It stated that conditions in workhouses had to be worse than conditions available outside so that t...
Poor Law policy after the New Poor Law
Poor Law policy after the New Poor Law concerns the time period c.1847-1900 after the implementation of the Poor Law Amendment Act until the beginnings of the decline of the Poor Law system at the sta...
Hampstead Board of Guardians
The Hampstead Board of Guardians (Hampstead, England) was created in 1800. but from 1837 until 1848 it was absorbed into the Edmonton Union.The Hampstead Board of Guardians regained its independent st...
Poorhouse
A poorhouse or workhouse is a government-run (usually by a county or municipality) facility to support and provide housing for the dependent and/or needy.
In England, Wales and Ireland (but not in...
Sturdy beggar
Sturdy beggar is a former English legal expression for someone who was fit and able to work, but begged or wandered for a living instead. The Statute of Cambridge 1388 was an early law which different...
Doolough Tragedy
The Doolough Tragedy is an event that took place during the Great Irish Famine in southwest County Mayo.On Friday 30 March 1849 two officials of the Westport Poor Law Union arrived in Louisburgh to in...
Divided Parishes and Poor Law Amendment Act 1882
Divided Parishes and Poor Law Amendment Act 1882 was an Act of Parliament in Britain which gave the Local Government Board increased powers relating to dissolving and creating Poor Law Unions. It foll...
Relief of the Poor Act 1782
The Relief of the Poor Act 1782 (22 Geo.3 c.83), also known as Gilbert's Act, was a British poor relief law proposed by Thomas Gilbert which aimed to organise poor relief on a county basis, counties b...
Public Health (London) Act 1891
The Public Health (London) Act 1891 (54 & 55 Vict c 76) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which extended access to Metropolitan Asylums Board hospitals to those who were not eligi...
Public Health (Ireland) Act of 1878
The Public Health (Ireland) Act of 1878 was an Act of Parliament passed in the United Kingdom which introduced a comprehensive code of sanitary law in Ireland.
Pauper Inmates Discharge and Regulations Act 1871
The Pauper Inmates Discharge and Regulations Act 1871 was an Act of the British Parliament which related to the Poor Law system. The Act stated that if a pauper had not left a workhouse in the past mo...
Smash Up the Workhouse!
Smash Up the Workhouse! was a pamphlet published in 1911 by Labour Party politician George Lansbury. It argued for the abolition of the workhouse system.
Workhouse Test Act
The Workhouse Test Act also known as the General Act or Knatchbull's Act was poor relief legislation passed by the British government by Sir Edward Knatchbull in 1723. The "workhouse test" was that a...
Charity Organization Society
The Charity Organization Societies were founded in England in 1869 following the 'Goschen Minute' (Poor Law Board; 22nd Annual Report (1869–70), Appendix A No.4. Relief to the Poor in the Metropolis....
Social programs in Canada
Social programs in Canada include all government programs designed to give assistance to citizens outside of what the market provides. The Canadian social safety net covers a broad spectrum of progra...
Poor law union
A poor law union was a geographical territory, and early local government unit, in the United Kingdom and Ireland.Poor law unions existed in England and Wales from 1834 to 1930 for the administration ...
Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008
The Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (Pub.L. 110–234, H.R. 2419, 122 Stat. 923, enacted May 22, 2008, also known as the 2008 U.S. Farm Bill) was a $288 billion, five-year agri...
Union Chargeability Act 1865
The Union Chargeability Act 1865 was a piece of British legislation passed after the Poor Law Amendment Act. Under the PLAA parishes were to group together to form unions so that the cost of building ...
Allowance system
The allowance system was a system of poor relief in Britain during the 1800s. The allowance system allowed the able-bodied poor to get allowance to boost their wages.
Poor rate
In England and Wales the poor rate was a tax on property levied in each parish, which was used to provide poor relief. It was collected under both the Old Poor Law and the New Poor Law. It was absorbe...
Joshua Hobson
Joshua Hobson (1810–1876) was a British Chartist and socialist who was the first publisher of the Book of Murder, a pamphlet attacking the 1834 Poor Law Amendment Act. In 1838-1844 he was the publishe...