Avicenna
Avicenna was a brilliant polymath and healer who lived in the East from 980-1037. He bundled the knowledge of his time and wrote 450 tractates. His Book of ...
Ibn Abi Sadiq
Ibn Abi Sadiq al-Naishaburi, Abu al-Qasim ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn ‘Ali (Arabic and Persian: أبوالقاسم عبد الرحمن بن علي بن أبي صادق النيشابوري ) was an 11th-century Persian physician from Nishapur in Khora...
Muhammad ibn Yusuf al-Harawi
Muhammad ibn Yusuf al-Harawi (fl. 1492-1518 and died 1542) was a Persian late 15th century physician from Herat, now part of Afghanistan.In 1518 he composed, in Arabic, an alphabetical medical diction...
Sharaf al-Zaman al-Marwazi
Sharaf al-Zamān Ṭāhir al-Marwazī or Marvazī (Arabic: شرف الزمان طاهر المروزي‎; fl. 1056/57–1124/25 CE) was a physician and author of Nature of Animals (كتاب طبائع الحيوان البحري والبري Kitāb...
Al-Shahrazuri
Shams al-Din Muhammad ibn Mahmud Shahrazuri was a 13th-century Muslim physician, historian and philosopher. He was of Kurdish origin. It appears that he was alive in AD 1288. However, it is also said ...
Ibn Hindu
Abū Al-Faraj ʿAlī ibn al-Husayn ibn Hindū d. 1019-1032, was a poet, a man of letters, and a practitioner of Galenic medicine coming from Rey. Scholars have posited multiple explanations for his name, ...
Shaykh Muhammad ibn Thaleb
Muhammad ibn Thalib ibn Abd Allah ibn Ni`mat Allah ibn Sadr ad-Din ibn Shaykh Baha' ad-Din ash-Shirazi (Arabic: محمد ابن طالب عبدالله ابن نعمات الله ابن صدر الدين ابن شيخ بهاءالدين الشيرازي‎...
Yuhanna ibn Bukhtishu
Yuhanna ibn Bukhtishu (Johannes Bukhtishu) was a 9th-century Persian or Syriac physician from Khuzestan, Persia. Yuhanna ibn Bukhtishu‘ (or Bakhtishu‘) was a member of a prominent family of Nestorian ...
Abu Jafar ibn Harun al-Turjali
Abu Jafar ibn Harun al-Turjali (died c. 1180) was born and raised in Trujillo to a noted Muladi Muslim family. He received his education in Cordoba and later entered Almoravid service as a physician i...
'Ali ibn al-'Abbas al-Majusi
'Ali ibn al-'Abbas al-Majusi (died 982-994), also known as Masoudi, or Latinized as Haly Abbas, was a Persian physician and psychologist most famous for the Kitab al-Maliki or Complete Book of the Med...
Ibn al-Kattani
Abu Abd Allah Muhammad ibn al-Husayn Ibn al-Kattani (951–1029), sometimes nicknamed "al-Mutatabbib" (the physician), was a well known Moorish scholar, philosopher, physician, astrologer, man of letter...
Al-Ruhawi
Ishāq ibn ʻAlī al-Ruhāwī (Arabic: إسحاق بن علي الرهاوي‎) was a 9th-century Arab physician and the author of the first medical ethics book in Islamic medicine.His Ethics of the Physician cont...
Al-Samawal al-Maghribi
Al-Samawʾal ibn Yaḥyā al-Maghribī (Arabic: السموأل بن يحيى المغربي‎; c. 1130 – c. 1180), commonly known as Samau'al al-Maghribi, was a Muslim mathematician, astronomer and physician. Though ...
History of the Jews in Egypt
The historic core of the indigenous community consisted mainly of Arabic-speaking Rabbanites and Karaites. After their expulsion from Spain, more Sephardi and Karaite Jews began to emigrate to Egypt a...
Abu Sahl 'Isa ibn Yahya al-Masihi
Abu Sahl 'Isa ibn Yahya al-Masihi al-Jurjani (Persian: ابوسهل عيسى‌بن‌يحيى مسيحی گرگانی‎) was a Persian Christian physician, from Gorgan, east of the Caspian Sea, in Iran.He was the teacher of A...
Ali ibn Isa al-Kahhal
ʿAlī ibn ʿĪsā al-Kahhal (fl. 1010 AD), surnamed "the oculist" (al-kahhal) was one of Islam's most famous ophthalmologists. He was known in medieval Europe as Jesu Occulist.He was the author of the inf...
Hunayn ibn Ishaq
Hunayn ibn Ishaq (also Hunain or Hunein) (Syriac: ܚܢܝܢ ܒܪ ܐܝܣܚܩ, Arabic: أبو زيد حنين بن إسحاق العبادي‎; ’Abū Zayd Ḥunayn ibn ’Isḥāq al-‘Ibādī, known in Latin as Iohannitius) (809–873) w...
Rashidun al-Suri
Rashidun al-Suri (Arabic: رشيد الدين الصوري‎, 1177–1241) was a leading physician and botanist in the Islamic world in the 13th century. He served the leading figures of the Ayyubid dynasty....
Abraham ben Moses ben Maimon
Abraham ben Moses ben Maimon (אברהם בן רמב"ם; also known as Rabbeinu Avraham ben ha-Rambam, and Avraham Maimuni) (1186 – December 7, 1237) was the son of Maimonides who succeeded his father as N...
Rufaida Al-Aslamia
Rufaida Al-Aslamia (also transliterated Rufaida Al-Aslamiya)(Arabic: رفيدة الأسلمية‎) was an Islamic medical and social worker recognized as the first female Muslim nurse.
Among the firs...
Ibn al-Akfani
Muhammad ibn Ibrāhīm ibn al-Akfani (1286-ca. 1348-49) was an Arab encyclopedist and physician.
Ibn al-Akfani was born in Sinjar, Iraq and lived in Cairo, Egypt. He worked at Al-Mansuri Hospital. H...
Yusuf ibn Ismail al-Kutubi
Yusuf ibn Ismail al-Kutubi known as Ibn al-Kabir (13th - 14th Centuries AD) an Azerbaijani-Iranian scholar and Physician worked as a doctor in the palaces of the Abbasid caliphs in Baghdad. He was bo...
Husayni Isfahani
Ghiyath al-Din Ali ibn Amirin Husayni Isfahani (aka Hondemir) was a 15th-century Persian physician and scientist from Isfahan, Iran. He is best known for a Persian encyclopedia of the natural science...
Abul Qasim ibn Mohammed al-Ghassani
Abul Qasim ibn Mohammed ibn Ibrahim al-Wazir al-Ghassani al-Andalusi (1548–1610) was a famous physician at the Saadian court. He studied medicine with his father. He lived in Marrakesh and Fez and was...
Ibn al-Khatib
Lisan ad-Din ibn al-Khatib (Born 16 November 1313, Loja– died 1374, Fes, Morocco) (Full name Muhammad ibn Abd Allah ibn Said ibn Ali ibn Ahmad al-Salmani) was an Arab polymath poet, writer, historian...
Ali ibn Ridwan
Abu'l Hasan Ali ibn Ridwan Al-Misri (c. 988 - c. 1061) was an Egyptian Muslim physician, astrologer and astronomer, born in Giza.He was a commentator on ancient Greek medicine, and in particular on Ga...
Muhammad ibn Aslam Al-Ghafiqi
Muhammad ibn Aslam Al-Ghafiqi (d. 1165 CE) was a 12th-century Andalusian oculist and author of The Right Guide to Ophthalmology (Al-Murshid fi ’l-Kuhhl).The book shows that the physicians of the time ...
Abdollah ibn Bukhtishu
Abu Sa'id Ubaid Allah ibn Bakhtyashu (940–1058), also spelled Bukhtishu, Bukhtyashu, and Bakhtshooa in many texts, was an 11th-century Syrian physician, descendant of Bakhtshooa Gondishapoori. He spok...
Al-Natili
Al-Husayn ibn Ibrahim ibn al-Hasan ibn Khurshid al-Tabari al-Natili al-Amuli (الحسين بن ابراهيم بن الحسن بن خورشيد الطبري النطيلي الآملی), was a Persian physician from Tabaristan.He flourished in the ...