Opium Wars
The Opium Wars were:
First Opium War
The First Opium War (1839–42), also known as the Opium War and as the Anglo-Chinese War, was fought between Britain and China over their conflicting viewpoints on diplomatic relations, trade, and the ...
Second Opium War
The Second Opium War, the Second Anglo-Chinese War, the Second China War, the Arrow War, or the Anglo-French expedition to China, was a war pitting the British Empire and the Second French Empire agai...
Lin Zexu
Lin Zexu (30 August 1785 – 22 November 1850), courtesy name Yuanfu, was a Chinese scholar and official of the Qing dynasty.Lin's forceful opposition to the opium trade on economic, moral, and social g...
Second Opium War
The Second Opium War, the Second Anglo-Chinese War, the Second China War, the Arrow War, or the Anglo-French expedition to China, was a war pitting the British Empire and the Second French Empire agai...
Treaty of Nanking
The Treaty of Nanking (traditional Chinese: 南京條約; simplified Chinese: 南京条约), formally called the Treaty of Peace, Friendship and Commerce between Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and Ire...
Anglona (clipper)
The schooner Anglona was the first American opium clipper. She sailed in the Chinese coastal trade in the 1840s, and had a famous race with the schooner Ariel around Lintin Island.
Anglona was a f...
Ningbo
 Ningbo  (Chinese: 宁波; pinyin: Níngbō; Ningbo dialect:  Nyin-poh/Nyin-pou ), also formerly written Ningpo, is a seaport city in the northeast of Zhejiang province, People's...
Battle of Woosung
The Battle of Woosung was fought between British and Chinese forces in Woosung (now written Wusong), China, on 16 June 1842 during the First Opium War. The British victory opened the way to Shang...
Red Rover (clipper)
Red Rover was the name of two clipper ships.
Red Rover, built in 1830, was a 254 ton clipper "built, owned, and operated" by Captain William Clifton which was "one of the fastest" opium clippers r...
Zephyr (schooner)
Zephyr was an 1842 opium clipper built by Samuel Hall, East Boston that was known for its speed.Zephyr, Brenda, Mazeppa, Ariel, and the brig Antelope were among Russell & Companys fastest opium cl...
Convention of Peking
The Convention of Peking (or First Convention of Peking) is an agreement comprising three distinct treaties concluded between the Qing Empire (China) and the United Kingdom, France, and Russia in 1860...
Battle of Taku Forts (1860)
The Third Battle of Taku Forts was an engagement of the Second Opium War, part of the British and French 1860 expedition to China. It took place at the Taku Forts (also called Peiho Forts) near Tanggu...
Amur Annexation
The Amur Acquisition refers to the incorporation of the southeast corner of Siberia into Russia in 1858–60. The two areas involved are the Priamurye between the Amur River and the Stanovoy Range to th...
Ariel (clipper)
Ariel was a clipper ship famous for making fast voyages between China and England in the late 1860s.Ariel was a full rigged ship of 853 tons net register, measuring 197.4 feet (60.2 m) x 33.9 fee...
Sylph (ship)
The Sylph was a clipper ship built in Calcutta in 1831 for the Parsi merchant Rustomjee Cowasjee. After her purchase by the Hong Kong based merchant house Jardine Matheson, in 1833 Sylph went on to se...
Nanjing
Nanjing ( listen; Chinese: 南京; pinyin: Nánjīng; Wade–Giles: Nan-ching) is the capital of Jiangsu province in Eastern China. It has a prominent place in Chinese history and culture, ha...
Battle of the Pearl River Forts
The Battle of the Pearl River Forts, or the Battle of the Barrier Forts, in late 1856, was an amphibious assault and short occupation conducted by the United States Navy against a series of forts alon...
Gideon Nye
Gideon Nye (1812 – January 25, 1888) was an American diplomat, art collector, writer and merchant in the East Indian and China trade, known both for his art collection and for his ...
Shanghailander
Shanghailanders were foreign – principally European and American – settlers in the extraterritorial areas of Shanghai, China, between the 1842 Treaty of Nanjing and the m...
Xiamen
Xiamen ([ɕjâmə̌n]), also historically known as Amoy /əˈmɔɪ/, POJ Hokkien ε̄-mûiⁿ, Ē-mn̂g, is a major city on the southeast (Taiwan Strait) coast of the People's Republic of China. It is administered a...
Battle of Whampoa
The Battle of Whampoa was fought between British and Chinese forces at Whampoa Island on the Canton River outside Guangzhou in Guangdong Province, China on 2 March 1841 during the First Opium War...
Henry Pottinger
Lieutenant General Sir Henry Pottinger, 1st Baronet, GCB, PC (Chinese: 砵甸乍; 3 October 1789 – 18 March 1856), was an Anglo-Irish soldier and colonial administrator who became the first Governor of Hong...
Battle of First Bar
The Battle of First Bar was fought between British and Chinese forces at First Bar Island and its surrounding area in the Canton River, China, on 27 February 1841 during the First Opium War.
On 21...
Battle of Kowloon
The Battle of Kowloon was fought between British and Chinese ships off Kowloon, China, on 4 September 1839. It has been called "the first shot of the First Opium War" and arose following a fight in wh...
Shanghai
Shanghai is the largest Chinese city by population and the largest city proper by population in the world. It is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of the People's Republic of China, wit...