Old Saxony
Old Saxony is the original homeland of the Saxons in the northwest corner of modern Germany and roughly corresponds today to the modern German state of Lower Saxony, the eastern half of North Rhine-We...
Old Saxon
Old Saxon, also known as Old Low German, is a Germanic language and the earliest recorded form of Low German. It belongs to the West Germanic branch and is most closely related to the Anglo-Frisian la...
Otto I, Duke of Saxony
Otto (or Oddo) (c. 851 – 30 November 912), called the Illustrious (der Erlauchte) by later authors, was the Duke of Saxony from 880 to his death.He was father of Henry the Fowler and grandfather...
Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor
Otto I (23 November 912 – 7 May 973), also known as Otto the Great, was German king from 936 and emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 962 until his death in 973. The oldest son of Henry I the Fowler ...
Duchy of Saxony
The Duchy of Saxony (Low German: Hartogdom Sassen, German: Herzogtum Sachsen) originally was the settlement area of the Saxons in the late Early Middle Ages, when they were subdued by Charlema...
Old Saxon grammar
The grammar of Old Saxon is quite different from that of Modern English, predominantly by being much more inflected, similar to that of Old English or Latin. As an ancient Germanic language, the morph...
Bernhard, Count of Anhalt
Bernhard, Count of Anhalt (c. 1140 – 2 February 1212) was a German prince of the House of Ascania, Count of Anhalt and Ballenstedt, and Lord of Bernburg through his paternal inheritance. From 11...
Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westphalia
The Coat of Arms of North Rhine-Westphalia is the official coat of arms of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
After World War II on August 23, 1946 the British military administration in ...
Ottonian Renaissance
The Ottonian Renaissance was a limited "renaissance" of Byzantine and Late Antique art in Central and Southern Europe that accompanied the reigns of the first three Holy Roman Emperors of the Ottonian...
Old Saxon Baptismal Vow
The Old Saxon Baptismal Vow is a 9th-century baptismal vow found in Vatican Codex pal. 577. The vow mentions three Old Saxon gods, Uuôden ("Woden"), Thunaer and Saxnōt, which the reader is to forsake....
Battle of Lechfeld
The Battle of Lechfeld (10 August 955) was a decisive victory for Otto I the Great, King of the Germans, over the Hungarian harka Bulcsú and the chieftains Lél (Lehel) and Súr. It is often seen as the...
Heliand
The Heliand (/ˈhɛliənd/; historically [ˈheːljand]) is an epic poem in Old Saxon, written in the first half of the 9th century. The title means saviour in Old Saxon (cf. German and Dutch Heiland meanin...
Old Saxon phonology
The phonology of Old Saxon corresponds quite well to that of the other ancient Germanic languages, and also, to a lesser extent, quite well with that of modern Germanic languages such as English, Dutc...
Bernard I, Duke of Saxony
Bernard I (c. 950 – 9 February 1011) was the Duke of Saxony (973–1011), the second of the Billung dynasty, a son of Duke Herman and Oda. He extended his father's power considerably.He fought the Danes...
Theoderic, Duke of Saxony
Theoderic or Theodoric was the leader of the Saxons in 743–744. Onomastics suggests that he was related to the family of Widukind. In 743 the Frankish mayors of the palace, the brothers Pepin th...
Liudolf, Duke of Saxony
Liudolf (c. 805 - 12 March 864 or 866) was a Saxon count, son of Count (German: Graf) Brun (Brunhart) and his wife, Gisla von Verla; later authors called him Duke of the Eastern Saxons (dux ...
Bruno, Duke of Saxony
Bruno, Brun, or Braun (died 2 February 880) was Duke of Saxony from 866 to his death. He was the eldest son of the Saxon count Liudolf and his wife, Oda of Billung. Bruno is rated as the progenitor of...
Saxon Steed
The Saxon Steed (German: Sachsenross, Niedersachsenross, Welfenross, Westfalenpferd; Dutch: Twentse Ros / Saksische ros/paard; English: White Horse of Kent: Low Saxon: Witte Peerd) is a favori...
Henry the Fowler
Henry the Fowler (German: Heinrich der Finkler or Heinrich der Vogler; Latin: Henricius Auceps) (876 – 2 July 936) was the Duke of Saxony from 912 and the King of Germany from 919 until ...
Albert III, Duke of Saxony
Albert III (German: Albrecht) (27 January 1443 – 12 September 1500) was a Duke of Saxony. He was nicknamed Albert the Bold or Albert the Courageous and founded the Albertine line of the House of W...
Saxon Wars
The Saxon Wars were the campaigns and insurrections of the more than thirty years from 772, when Charlemagne first entered Saxony with the intent to conquer, to 804, when the last rebellion of disaffe...
Bernard II, Duke of Saxony
Bernard II (c. 995 – 29 June 1059) was the Duke of Saxony (1011–1059), the third of the Billung dynasty, a son of Bernard I and Hildegard. He had the rights of a count in Frisia.Bernard expanded the ...
Widukind
Widukind (Modern German: Widuking or Wittekind) was a Germanic leader of the Saxons and the chief opponent of the Frankish king Charlemagne during the Saxon Wars from 777 to 785. Charlemagne ultimatel...
Bernard II, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
Bernard II of Saxe-Lauenburg (German: Bernhard II.; ca. 1385/1392–16 July 1463) was a member of the House of Ascania and Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg from 1426 to 1463. His full title was Duke of Saxony...
Widukind of Corvey
Widukind of Corvey (c. 925 – after 973) was a medieval Saxon chronicler. His three-volume Res gestae saxonicae sive annalium libri tres is an important chronicle of 10th-century German...
Albert I, Duke of Saxony
Albert I (German: Albrecht I.) (c. 1175 – 7 October 1260) was a Duke of Saxony, Angria, and Westphalia; Lord of Nordalbingia; Count of Anhalt; and Prince-elector and Archmarshal of the Holy Roman ...
John the Old Saxon
John the Old Saxon (active c. 885–904), also known as John of Saxony or Scotus, was a scholar and abbot of Athelney, probably born in Old Saxony. He was invited to England by King Alfred an...
Coat of arms of Saxony
The coat of arms of the present-day German free state of Saxony shows a ninefold partitioned field of black (Sable) and gold/yellow (Or) stripes, charged with a green common rue in bend - running from...
Berthoald, Duke of Saxony
Berthoald (died 622) was the Duke of the Saxons during the reign of the Frankish kings Chlothar II and his son Dagobert I, the last ruling Merovingians. He despised Frankish suzerainty and rebelled, b...
Old Saxon Genesis
Genesis is an Old Saxon Biblical poem recounting the story of the Book of Genesis, dating to the first half of the 9th century, three fragments of which are preserved in a manuscript in the Vatican Li...