Mohism
Mohism or Moism (Chinese: 墨家; pinyin: Mòjiā; literally: "School of Mo") was a Chinese philosophy developed by the followers of Mozi (also referred to as Mo Tzu (Master Mo), Latinized as Mi...
Mohism - Wikipedia
Meritocracy
Meritocracy (merit, from Latin mereō "earn" and -cracy, from Ancient Greek κράτος kratos "strength, power") is a political philosophy which holds that power should be vested in individuals almost excl...
Mohist consequentialism
Mohist consequentialism, also known as state consequentialism, is a consequentialist ethical theory which evaluates the moral worth of an action based on how it contributes to the basic goods of a sta...
Mohist consequentialism - Wikipedia
Agriculturalism
Agriculturalism, also known as the School of Agrarianism, the School of Agronomists, the School of Tillers, and in Chinese as the Nongjia (農家/农家), was an early agrarian Chinese philosophy that advocat...
School of Names
The Logicians or School of Names (Chinese: 名家; pinyin: Míngjiā) was a school of Chinese philosophy that grew out of Mohism during the Warring States period in 479–221 BCE. It is also sometime...
Jean-Yves Béziau
Jean-Yves Beziau (born January 15, 1965 in Orléans, France) is a professor and researcher of the Brazilian Research Council — CNPq — at the University of Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Beziau is a d...
Jean-Yves Béziau - Wikipedia
Alexander Bain
Alexander Bain (11 June 1818 – 18 September 1903) was a Scottish philosopher and educationalist in the British school of empiricism and a prominent and innovative figure in the fields of psychology, l...
Alexander Bain - Wikipedia
Rudolf Carnap
Rudolf Carnap (/ˈkɑrnæp/; [ˈkaɐ̯naːp]; May 18, 1891 – September 14, 1970) was a German-born philosopher who was active in Europe before 1935 and in the United States thereafter. He was a major member ...
Rudolf Carnap - Wikipedia
Alexandre Borovik
Alexandre V. Borovik (born 1956) is a Professor of Pure Mathematics at the University of Manchester, United Kingdom, where he has been working for the past 20 years. He was born in Russian and graduat...
Hundred Schools of Thought
The Hundred Schools of Thought (simplified Chinese: 诸子百家; traditional Chinese: 諸子百家; pinyin: zhūzǐ bǎijiā; Wade–Giles: chu-tzu pai-chia; literally: "all philosophers hundred school...
Gongsun Long
Gongsun Long (simplified Chinese: 公孙龙; traditional Chinese: 公孫龍; pinyin: Gōngsūn Lóng; Wade–Giles: Kung-sun Lung, c. 325–250 BC) was a member of the School of Names (Logicians) o...
Alice Ambrose
Alice Ambrose Lazerowitz (November 25, 1906 – January 25, 2001) was an American philosopher, logician, and author.
Alice Loman Ambrose was born in Lexington, Illinois and orphaned when she w...
Agrarianism
Agrarianism has two common meanings. The first meaning refers to a social philosophy or political philosophy which values rural society as superior to urban society, the independent farmer as superio...
Xu Xing (philosopher)
Xu Xing (Chinese: 許行; Wade–Giles: Hsü Hsing) was a Chinese philosopher and one of the most notable advocates of Agriculturalism, a political philosophy that advocated peasant utopian communali...
Peter Abelard
Peter Abelard (/ˈæb.ə.lɑrd/; Latin: Petrus Abaelardus or Abailardus; French: Pierre Abélard, [a.be.laːʁ]; 1079 – 21 April 1142) was a medieval French scholastic philosopher, theologian and pre...
Peter Abelard - Wikipedia
Shennong
Shennong, also known as the Emperor of the Five Grains (Wǔgǔxiāndì), was a legendary ruler of China and cultural hero. Shennong has times been counted amongst the Three Sovereigns (also known as "Thre...
Shennong - Wikipedia
List of logicians
A logician is a person whose topic of scholarly study is logic. Some famous logicians are listed below in English alphabetical transliteration order (by surname).
Confucianism
Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is an ethical and philosophical system, on occasion described as a religion, developed from the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius (551–479 BCE). Confuci...
Confucianism - Wikipedia
Legalism (Chinese philosophy)
In ancient China, Legalism (Chinese: 法家; pinyin: fă jiā) refers to political philosophy emphasizing rule by law, developing it into a precise, inflexible institution under the aegis of the fi...
Legalism (Chinese philosophy) - Wikipedia
Deng Xi
Deng Xi (Chinese: 鄧析; Wade–Giles: Têng Hsi, also written as 祁奚; died 501 BCE) was an ancient Chinese philosopher and rhetorician who has been called the founding father of the Chinese logical ...
Deng Xi - Wikipedia
Diderik Batens
Diderik Batens (born 15 November 1944), is a Belgian logician and epistemologist at the University of Ghent, known chiefly for his work on adaptive and paraconsistent logics. His epistemological views...
School of Yin Yang
The School of Naturalists or the School of Yin-yang (陰陽家/阴阳家; Yīnyángjiā; Yin-yang-chia; "School of Yin-Yang") was a Warring States era philosophy that synthesized the concepts of yin-yang and the Fiv...
Houji
Houji (Chinese: 后稷, . Hòujì) was a legendary Chinese culture hero credited with introducing millet to humanity during the time of the Xia dynasty. Millet was the original staple grain of northern Chin...
Mozi
Mozi (Chinese: 墨子; pinyin: Mòzǐ; Wade–Giles: Mo Tzu, Lat. as Micius, ca. 470 BC – ca. 391 BC), original name Mo Di (墨翟), was a Chinese philosopher during the Hundred Schools of Though...
Mozi - Wikipedia
Johan van Benthem (logician)
Johannes Franciscus Abraham Karel (Johan) van Benthem (born June 12, 1949 in Rijswijk) is a University Professor (universiteitshoogleraar) of logic at the University of Amsterdam at the Institute for ...
Mario Bunge
Mario Augusto Bunge ([ˈbuŋxe]; born September 21, 1919) is an Argentine philosopher, philosopher of science and physicist mainly active in Canada.
Bunge began his studies at the National Universit...
Mario Bunge - Wikipedia
Taoism
Taoism (or Daoism) is a philosophical, ethical, political and religious tradition of Chinese origin that emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (also romanized as Dao). The term Tao means "way", ...
Taoism - Wikipedia
Social Darwinism
Social Darwinism is a modern name given to various theories of society that emerged in the United Kingdom, North America, and Western Europe in the 1870s, and which are claimed to have applied biologi...
Social Darwinism - Wikipedia
Hui Shi
Hui Shi (Chinese: 惠施; pinyin: Huì Shī; Wade–Giles: Hui Shih; 380–305 BCE), or Huizi (Chinese: 惠子; pinyin: Huìzǐ; Wade–Giles: Hui Tzu; "Master Hui"), was a Chinese philosopher d...
Gongsun
Gongsun (simplified Chinese: 公孙; traditional Chinese: 公孫; pinyin: Gōngsūn; Wade–Giles: Kung-sun) is one of the few Chinese compound surnames.Famous people with this surname include: