Futures techniques
Model (abstract)
A conceptual model is a model made of the composition of concepts, which are used to help people know, understand, or simulate a subject the model represents. Some models are physical objects; for exa...
Mental model
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Representation (psychology)
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Cognitive model
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Mathematical model
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Scientific modelling
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Statistical model
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Parametric model
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Nonparametric statistics
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Model selection
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Soft systems methodology
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Logico-linguistic modeling
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Entity-relationship model
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Domain model
A Mathematical Model For Animal Stripes
The back of a tiger could have been a blank canvas. Instead, nature painted the big cat with parallel stripes, evenly spaced and perpendicular to the spine. Scientists don't know exactly how stripes d...
Spectacular visualization of flight patterns
Visualization of flight pattern data from the FAA for the United States (and most of North America) over a 24 hours period
Mental model
A mental model is an explanation of someone's thought process about how something works in the real world. It is a representation of the surrounding world, the relationships between its various parts ...
Representation (psychology)
A mental representation (or cognitive representation), in philosophy of mind, cognitive psychology, neuroscience, and cognitive science, is a hypothetical internal cognitive symbol that represents ext...
Cognitive model
A cognitive model is an approximation to animal cognitive processes (predominantly human) for the purposes of comprehension and prediction. Cognitive models can be developed within or without a cognit...
Mathematical model
A mathematical model is a description of a system using mathematical concepts and language. The process of developing a mathematical model is termed mathematical modeling. Mathematical models are use...
Scientific modelling
Scientific modelling is a scientific activity, the aim of which is to make a particular part or feature of the world easier to understand, define, quantify, visualize, or simulate by referencing it to...
Statistical model
A statistical model embodies a set of assumptions concerning the generation of the observed data, and similar data from a larger population. A model represents, often in considerably idealized form, t...
Parametric model
In statistics, a parametric model or parametric family or finite-dimensional model is a family of distributions that can be described using a finite number of parameters. These parameters are usually ...
Nonparametric statistics
Nonparametric statistics are statistics not based on parameterized families of probability distributions. They include both descriptive and inferential statistics. The typical parameters are the mean,...
Model selection
Model selection is the task of selecting a statistical model from a set of candidate models, given data. In the simplest cases, a pre-existing set of data is considered. However, the task can also inv...
Soft systems methodology
Soft systems methodology (SSM) is a systemic approach for tackling real-world problematic situations. Soft Systems Methodology is the result of the continuing action research that Peter Checkland, Bri...
Logico-linguistic modeling
Logico-linguistic modeling is a method for building knowledge-based systems with a learning capability using Conceptual Models from Soft systems methodology, modal predicate logic and the Prolog artif...
Entity-relationship model
In software engineering, an entity–relationship model (ER model) is a data model for describing the data or information aspects of a business domain or its process requirements, in an abstract way tha...
Domain model
A domain model in problem solving and software engineering is a conceptual model of all the topics related to a specific problem. It describes the various entities, their attributes, roles, and relati...
Path analysis (statistics)
In statistics, path analysis is used to describe the directed dependencies among a set of variables. This includes models equivalent to any form of multiple regression analysis, factor analysis, canon...
Dial box
A dial box is a computer peripheral for direct 3D manipulation e.g. to interactively input the rotation and torsion angles of a model displayed on a computer screen. Dial boxes were common input tool...
A Mathematical Model For Animal Stripes
The back of a tiger could have been a blank canvas. Instead, nature painted the big cat with parallel stripes, evenly spaced and perpendicular to the spine. Scientists don't know exactly how stripes d...
Competitive Lotka-Volterra equations
The competitive Lotka–Volterra equations are a simple model of the population dynamics of species competing for some common resource. They can be further generalised to include trophic interactions.<...
Creatures (artificial life program)
Creatures is an artificial life (alife) computer program series, created in the mid-1990s by English computer scientist Steve Grand whilst working for the Cambridge video games developer Millennium In...
MASON (Java)
MASON is a multi-agent simulation environment developed in Java.
MASON has been developed at George Mason University's Evolutionary Computation Laboratory in conjunction with the GMU Center for So...
Modeling and Simulation: Conceptual Modeling Overview
A conceptual model is a model made of the composition of concepts, which are used to help people know, understand, or simulate a subject the model represents. Some models are physical objects; for exa...
Common-cause and special-cause
Common and special causes are the two distinct origins of variation in a process, as defined in the statistical thinking and methods of Walter A. Shewhart and W. Edwards Deming. Briefly, "common cause...
Statistical interference
When two probability distributions overlap, statistical interference exists. Knowledge of the distributions can be used to determine the likelihood that one parameter exceeds another, and by how muc...
Generalized linear model
In statistics, the generalized linear model (GLM) is a flexible generalization of ordinary linear regression that allows for response variables that have error distribution models other than a normal ...
Digital Author Identification
In the Dutch research system, the Digital Author Identifier (DAI) system assigns a unique number to all academic authors as a form of authority control. The DAI links the PICA database in institutiona...
Single Source of Truth
In Information Systems design and theory Single Source Of Truth (SSOT) refers to the practice of structuring information models and associated schemata such that every data element is stored exactly o...
Plan-relief
A plan-relief is a scale model of a landscape and buildings produced for military usage, made to visualise building projects on fortifications or campaigns surrounding fortified locations.
The fir...
TeraChem
TeraChem is the first computational chemistry software program written completely from scratch to benefit from the new streaming processors such as Graphics Processing Units (GPUs). The computational ...
Event-driven process chain
An Event-driven Process Chain (EPC) is a type of flowchart used for business process modelling. EPCs can be used for configuring an enterprise resource planning (ERP) implementation, and for business...