Metre (poetry)
In poetry, metre (meter in American spelling) is the basic rhythmic structure of a verse or lines in verse. Many traditional verse forms prescribe a specific verse metre, or a certain set of metres ...
Foot (prosody)
The foot is the basic metrical unit that forms part of a line of verse in most Western traditions of poetry, including English accentual-syllabic verse and the quantitative meter of classical ancient ...
Systems of scansion
Scansion or a system of scansion (verb: to scan) is the act of determining and (usually) graphically representing the metrical character of a line of verse. In classical poetry, these patterns are bas...
List of classical meters
The following meters were used in Greek poetry and adapted for Latin poetry:
Catalectic
A catalectic line is a metrically incomplete line of verse, lacking a syllable at the end or ending with an incomplete foot. One form of catalexis is headlessness, where the unstressed syllable is dro...
Vedic accent
The pitch accent of Vedic Sanskrit, or Vedic accent for brevity, is traditionally divided by Sanskrit grammarians into three qualities, udātta "raised" (acute accent, high pitch), anudātta "not raise...
Glyconic
Glyconic, (from Glycon, a Greek lyric poet), describes a form of meter in classical Greek and Latin poetry. The glyconic line is the most basic form of Aeolic verse, and it is often combined with othe...
Diaeresis (prosody)
In poetic meter, diaeresis (/daɪˈɛrɨsɪs/ or /daɪˈɪərɨsɪs/, also spelled diæresis or dieresis) has two meanings: the separate pronunciation of the two vowels in a diphthong for the sake of meter, and a...
Accentual verse
Accentual verse has a fixed number of stresses per line regardless of the number of syllables that are present. It is common in languages that are stress-timed, such as English, as opposed to syllabic...
Fourteener (poetry)
A Fourteener, in poetry, is a line consisting of 14 syllables, which are usually made of 7 iambic feet for which the style is also called iambic heptameter. It is most commonly found in English poetry...
Knittelvers
Knittelvers or Knittel, is a kind of Germanic verse meter which originated in Germany during the Middle Ages. It requires rhymes or assonances. One can distinguish between strict knittel with eight or...
Beit
A Beit (also spelled bait, Arabic: بيت‎  [beːt, bi(ː)t, bajt], literally "a house") is a metrical unit of Arabic, Iranian, Urdu and Sindhi poetry. It corresponds to a line, though somet...
Acatalexis
An acatalectic line of verse is one having the metrically complete number of syllables in the final foot. When talking about poetry written in English the term is arguably of limited significance or ...
Neo-Miltonic syllabics
Neo-Miltonic Syllabics is a meter devised by Robert Bridges. It was first employed by the poet in a group of poems composed between 1921 and 1925, and collected in his book New Verse (1925). In "Kate'...
Tetrameter
In poetry, a tetrameter is a line of four metrical feet. The particular foot can vary, as follows:
Antibacchius
An antibacchius is a rare metrical foot used in formal poetry. In accentual-syllabic verse an antibacchius consists of two accented syllables followed by one unaccented syllable. Its opposite is a ba...
Iambic tetrameter
Iambic tetrameter is a meter in poetry. It refers to a line consisting of four iambic feet. The word "tetrameter" simply means that there are four feet in the line; iambic tetrameter is a line compr...
Mukhammas
Mukhammas (Arabic مخمس 'fivefold') refers to a type of Persian or Urdu cinquain or pentastich with Sufi connections based on a pentameter.It is one of the more popular verse forms in Tajik Badakhshan,...
Asclepiad (poetry)
An Asclepiad is a line of poetry following a particular metrical pattern. The form is attributed to Asclepiades of Samos and is one of the Aeolic metres. As with other Aeolic metrical lines, the ascle...
Double amphibrach
The double amphibrach is a variation of the double dactyl, similar to the McWhirtle but with stricter formal requirements. Meter and lineation are consistently amphibrachic (da DA da) rather than dac...
Robert Bridges' theory of elision
Robert Bridges' theory of elision is a theory of elision developed by the poet Robert Bridges, while he was working on a prosodic analysis of John Milton's poems Paradise Lost, Paradise Regained, and ...
Mysterious Music: Rhythm and Free Verse
Mysterious Music: Rhythm and Free Verse is a book by G. Burns Cooper, and published by Stanford University Press in 1998. It examines the rhythm of free verse, with particular reference to the works ...
Octameter
Octameter in poetry is a line of eight metrical feet. It is not very common in English verse. E.g.: -TrochaicIambicDactylic
Hexameter
Hexameter is a metrical line of verses consisting of six feet. It was the standard epic metre in classical Greek and Latin literature, such as in the Iliad, Odyssey and Aeneid. Its use in other genres...
Biceps (prosody)
Biceps is a point in a metrical pattern that can be filled either with one long syllable (a longum) or two short syllables (brevia). It is found in the dactylic hexameter and the dactylic pentameter.I...
Traditional Welsh poetic metres
The traditional Welsh poetic meters consist of twenty four different types of poetic meter, called Y Pedwar Mesur ar Hugain in Welsh. They are all written in cynghanedd of varying degrees of complexit...
Brevis in longo
In Ancient Greek and Latin meter, brevis in longo ([ˈbrɛwɪs ɪn ˈlɔŋgoː]) is a short syllable at the end of a line that is counted as long.The term comes from Latin and means "a short [syllable] in pla...
Breve
A breve (/briːv/, less often /brɛv/; [bʁɛv]; from the Latin brevis “short, brief”) is the diacritic mark ˘, shaped like the bottom half of a circle. As used in Ancient Greek, it is also called v...