Metaphilosophy
Metaphilosophy (sometimes called philosophy of philosophy) is ‘the investigation of the nature of philosophy.’ Its subject matter includes the aims of philosophy, the boundaries of philosophy, and its...
The Cult Of Ignorance In The United States: Anti-Intellectualism And The "Dumbing Down" Of America
There is a growing and disturbing trend of anti-intellectual elitism in American culture. It's the dismissal of science, the arts, and humanities and their replacement by entertainment, self-righteous...
Philosophical method
Philosophical method (or philosophical methodology) is the study of how to do philosophy. A common view among philosophers is that philosophy is distinguished by the ways that philosophers follow in a...
Unsolved problems in philosophy
This is a list of some of the major unsolved problems in philosophy. Clearly, unsolved philosophical problems exist in the lay sense (e.g. "What is the meaning of life?", "Where did we come from?", "W...
Empiricism
Empiricism is a theory which states that knowledge comes only or primarily from sensory experience. One of several views of epistemology, the study of human knowledge, along with rationalism and ske...
Meta-ethics
Meta-ethics is the branch of ethics that seeks to understand the nature of ethical properties, statements, attitudes, and judgments. Meta-ethics is one of the four branches of ethics generally recogni...
Metalogic
Metalogic is the study of the metatheory of logic. Whereas logic studies how logical systems can be used to construct valid and sound arguments, metalogic studies the properties of logical systems. Lo...
Metatheory
A metatheory or meta-theory is a theory whose subject matter is some theory. All fields of research share some meta-theory, regardless whether this is explicit or correct. In a more restricted and spe...
Philosophical methodology
Philosophical method (or philosophical methodology) is the study of how to do philosophy. A common view among philosophers is that philosophy is distinguished by the ways that philosophers follow in a...
Naturalism (philosophy)
In philosophy, naturalism is the "idea or belief that only natural (as opposed to supernatural or spiritual) laws and forces operate in the world." Adherents of naturalism (i.e., naturalists) assert ...
Pragmatism
Pragmatism is a philosophical tradition that began in the United States around 1870. Pragmatism is a rejection of the idea that the function of thought is to describe, represent, or mirror reality. In...
Rationalism
In epistemology, rationalism is the view that "regards reason as the chief source and test of knowledge" or "any view appealing to reason as a source of knowledge or justification". More formally, ra...
Syncretism
Syncretism (/ˈsɪŋkrətɪzəm/) is the combining of different, often seemingly contradictory beliefs, while melding practices of various schools of thought. Syncretism involves the merger and analogizing ...
The Cult Of Ignorance In The United States: Anti-Intellectualism And The "Dumbing Down" Of America
There is a growing and disturbing trend of anti-intellectual elitism in American culture. It's the dismissal of science, the arts, and humanities and their replacement by entertainment, self-righteous...
Maieutics
Maieutics (/meɪˈjuːtɨks/ or /maɪˈjuːtɨks/) is a pedagogical method synonymous with the Socratic Method. Maieutics is based on the belief that many important lessons and truths cannot be taught directl...
Immanuel Kant
Immanuel Kant (/kænt/; [ɪˈmaːnu̯eːl kant]; 22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) was a German philosopher who is widely considered to be a central figure of modern philosophy. He argued that fundamen...
Āstika and nāstika
Āstika (Sanskrit: आस्तिक), literally means "there is, there exists". Nāstika (नास्तिक) literally means "not Āstika". These words are also concepts used to classify and contrast Indian philosophies...
Quantifier variance
The term quantifier variance refers to claims there is no uniquely best ontological language with which to describe the world. According to Hirsch, it is an outgrowth of Urmson's dictum: The term "qua...
Counterfactual conditional
A counterfactual conditional abbreviated CF, is a subjunctive conditional containing an if-clause which is contrary to fact.
The difference between indicative and counterfactual conditionals, in a...
Distinguishing blue from green in language
Many languages do not distinguish between what in English is described as "blue" and "green", respectively. They instead use a cover term spanning both. When the issue is discussed in linguistics, thi...
Jnana
Jnana (Sanskrit ज्ञान, jñāna; Pali: ñāṇa; often pronounced: [ɡjaːn]) a term for "knowledge" in Indian religions and Hindu and Buddhist philosophy.The idea of jnana centers on a cognitive event which...
Censorship
Censorship is the suppression of speech, public communication or other information which may be considered objectionable, harmful, sensitive, politically incorrect or inconvenient as determined by gov...
Transvaluation of values
The revaluation of all values or the transvaluation of all values is a concept from the philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche.Elaborating the concept in The Antichrist, Nietzsche asserts that Christianit...
Theoretical definition
A theoretical (or conceptual) definition is an abstract concept that defines a term in an academic discipline. Without a falsifiable operational definition, conceptual definitions assume both knowledg...
Meta-epistemology
Meta-epistemology is a metaphilosophical study of the subject, matter, methods and aims of epistemology and of approaches to understanding and structuring our knowledge of knowledge itself.In epistemo...
Semantic holism
Semantic holism is a theory in the philosophy of language to the effect that a certain part of language, be it a term or a complete sentence, can only be understood through its relations to a (previou...
Hermeneutics
Hermeneutics /hɛrməˈnjuːtɪks/ is the theory of text interpretation, especially the interpretation of biblical texts, wisdom literature, and philosophical texts.Hermeneutics was initially applied to th...
Skepticism
Skepticism or scepticism (see spelling differences) is generally any questioning attitude towards knowledge, facts, or opinions/beliefs stated as facts, or doubt regarding claims that are taken for gr...
Analysis
Analysis is the process of breaking a complex topic or substance into smaller parts to gain a better understanding of it. The technique has been applied in the study of mathematics and logic since bef...