Oral Torah
According to Rabbinic Judaism, the "Oral Torah" or "Oral Law" (Hebrew: תורה שבעל פה, Torah she-be-`al peh, lit "Torah that is spoken") represents those laws, statutes, and legal interpretations th...
Oral Torah - Wikipedia
Joseph ben Ephraim Karo
Joseph ben Ephraim Karo, also spelled Yosef Caro, or Qaro (1488 – March 24, 1575), was author of the last great codification of Jewish law, the Shulchan Aruch, which is still authoritative for all Jew...
Joseph ben Ephraim Karo - Wikipedia
Judah Leon Abravanel
Judah Leon Abravanel (or Abrabanel, otherwise known as: in Latin, Leo Hebraeus; in Portuguese, Leão Hebreu; in Spanish, León Hebreo; in Italian, Leone Ebreo; in English, Leo the Hebrew; and in Hebrew,...
Judah Leon Abravanel - Wikipedia
Abraham bar Hiyya
Abraham bar Ḥiyya ha-Nasi (1070 Barcelona, Catalonia – 1136 or 1145 Narbonne, France) was a Jewish mathematician, astronomer and philosopher, also known as Savasorda (from the Arabic صاحب الشرطة...
Abraham bar Hiyya - Wikipedia
Shabbethai Premsla
Shabbethai Premsla was a Galician philologist and scribe of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries who lived in Przemyśl, Poland, from which his name derives. Premsla was the author of a commentary o...
Shabbethai Premsla - Wikipedia
Erfurt massacre (1349)
The Erfurt massacre refers to the massacre of the Jewish community in Erfurt, Germany, on March 21, 1349. Accounts of the number of Jews killed in the massacre vary from over 100 to 1000 to approximat...
Petrus Alphonsi
Petrus Alphonsi (also known as Peter Alfonsi; born Moses Sephardi) was a Jewish Spanish physician, writer, astronomer, and polemicist, who converted to Christianity.Born at an unknown date in the 11th...
Petrus Alphonsi - Wikipedia
Immanuel Bonfils
Immanuel ben Jacob Bonfils (c. 1300 – 1377) was a French-Jewish mathematician and astronomer in medieval times who flourished from 1340 to 1377, a rabbi who was a pioneer of exponential calculus and i...
Soul in the Bible
The traditional concept of an immaterial and immortal soul distinct from the body was not found in Judaism before the Babylonian Exile, but developed as a result of interaction with Persian and Hellen...
Isaac Israeli ben Joseph
Isaac Israeli ben Joseph or Yitzhak ben Yosef (often known as Isaac Israeli the Younger) was a Spanish-Jewish astronomer/astrologer who flourished at Toledo in the first half of the fourteenth centur...
Isaac Israeli ben Joseph - Wikipedia
Aaron ben Moses ben Asher
Aaron ben Moses ben Asher (Hebrew: אהרון בן משה בן אשר; Tiberian Hebrew: ʾAhărôn ben Mōšeh benʾĀšēr) (10th century, died c.960) was a Jewish scribe who refined the Tiberian system of writing vowel sou...
Aaron ben Moses ben Asher - Wikipedia
Sahl ibn Bishr
Sahl ibn Bishr al-Israili, more commonly; Rabban al-Tabari often known as Zahel or Zael (c. 786–845 ?) was a Syriac Christian (sometimes reported as Jewish) astrologer, astronomer and mathematici...
Sahl ibn Bishr - Wikipedia
Strasbourg massacre
The Strasbourg massacre occurred on February 14, 1349, when several hundred Jews were publicly burnt to death, and the rest of them expelled from the city as part of the Black Death persecutions. It w...
Strasbourg massacre - Wikipedia
Jews in the Middle Ages
The history of Jews in the Middle Ages spans the timeframe of approximately 500 CE to 1750 CE. This article covers the medieval history of Jews in the Christian-dominated Western European region. See ...
Central Synagogue of Aleppo
The Central Synagogue of Aleppo, (Hebrew: בית הכנסת המרכזי בחאלֶ‏בּ‏, Arabic: وسط كنيس حلب‎), also known as the Great Synagogue of Aleppo, Joab's Synagogue or Al-Bandara Synagogue (Arabic...
Central Synagogue of Aleppo - Wikipedia