Medes
The Medes (/miːdz/, Old Persian Māda-, Ancient Greek: Μῆδοι, Hebrew: מָדַי) were an ancient Iranian people who lived in an area known as Media (North-western Iran and south-east Turkey) and who s...
Median language
The Median language (also Medean or Medic) was the language of the Medes. It is an Old Iranian language and classified as belonging to the Northwestern Iranian subfamily, which includes many other lan...
Persian Mesopotamia
Athura (Neo-Aramaic for Assyria) was a geographical area within the Persian Achaemenid Empire held by the last nobility of Aššur (Akkadian), known as Athura (Neo-Aramaic) or Atouria (Greek), during th...
Atropatene
Atropatene (Greek: Ἀτροπατηνή; originally known as "Atropatkan" and "Atorpatkan" ) was an ancient kingdom established and ruled under local ethnic Iranian dynasties first with Darius III of Persia...
Astyages
Astyages (spelled by Herodotus as Ἀστυάγης - Astyages; by Ctesias as Astyigas; by Diodorus as Aspadas; Akkadian: Ištumegu) was the last king of the Median Empire, r. 585 BCE-550 BCE, the son of Cyaxa...
Amytis of Media
Amuhia or Amytis of Media (c. 630–565 BC) was the daughter or granddaughter of the king Cyaxares, and the wife of Nebuchadnezzar II.
Amytis was either born to Cyaxares, the third Median...
Datis
For other uses of the word Dati, see Dati (disambiguation).Datis or Datus (Old Persian: Dâtiça), was a Median admiral who served the Persian Empire, under Darius the Great. He is most notable for his ...
Gobryas
Gobryas (old Persian: Gaubaruva "beef-eater", Elamite: Kambarma) was a common name of several Persian noblemen. The English form Gobryas is derived from the Greek (Greek: Γοβρύας) rendering of thi...
Artembares
Artembares was a Median nobleman whose son was whipped by a ten-year-old Cyrus. And later, according to Nicolaus of Damascus, he adopted Cyrus as a helper in the Median court. Herodotus recounts:At t...
Mandane of Media
Mandana of Media (b. ca. 584 BCE) was a princess of Media and, later, the Queen consort of Cambyses I of Anshan and mother of Cyrus the Great, ruler of the Persia's Achaemenid Empire.
According to...
Aryenis
Aryenis of Lydia was, according to Herodotus, the daughter of King Alyattes of Lydia and the sister of King Croesus of Lydia.
Aryenis was also the Queen consort of Astyages, King of Media and moth...
Hamedan
Hamadān or Hamedān (Persian: همدان‎, Hamadān) (Old Persian: Haŋgmetana, Ecbatana) is the capital city of Hamedan Province of Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 473,149, in 127,812 fami...
Mazares
Mazares (Ancient Greek: Μαζάρης) was a Median general who defected to Cyrus the Great when the latter overthrew his grandfather, Astyages and formed the Persian Empire.
Mazares is mentioned i...
Persian Revolt
The Persian Revolt, as it is known, was the first time the unified province of ancient Persis, after voluntary submission to the Assyrians and Medes two times earlier, declared its independence, and c...
Tritantaechmes
Tritantaechmes (Elamite: Ṣi-iš-šá-an-tak-ma, Babylonian: Ši-it-ra-an-taḫ-ma) was king of Sagartians who ruled in Arbela (521 BCE).He was killed by Darius of Achaemenids.
Cyaxares
Cyaxares or Hvakhshathra (Old Persian: 𐎢𐎺𐎧𐏁𐎫𐎼 Uvaxštra, Greek: Κυαξάρης; r. 625–585 BC), the son of King Phraortes, was the third and most capable king of Media. According to Herodotus, Cyax...
Phraortes
Phraortes (from Old Persian: 𐎳𐎼𐎺𐎼𐎫𐎡𐏁, Fravartiš, or Frâda via Ancient Greek Φραόρτης; c. 665 - 633 BC), son of Deioces, was the second king of the Median Empire.Like his father Deioces, Phraort...
Battle of Halys
The Battle of Halys (also known as the Battle of Halys River) took place in 82 B.C. during the Second Mithridatic War. Roman general Lucius Licinius Murena became very overconfident while campaigning ...
Medea
In Greek mythology, Medea (/mɪˈdiːə/; Greek: Μήδεια, Mēdeia, Georgian: მედეა, Medea) was the daughter of King Aeëtes of Colchis, niece of Circe, granddaughter of the sun god Helios, and later wife...
Battle of the Persian Border
The Battle of the Persian Border was the second encounter between the forces of Media and Persia. Though not a decisive victory for Persia, it signaled the diminishing power of Media in Southwest Asia...
Darius the Mede
Darius the Mede is a figure in the Book of Daniel, chapters 6–11, who rules over "the kingdom of the Chaldeans" after the last king of the Babylonian Empire (Belshazzar) is deposed by the Medo-Persian...
Deioces
Deioces, Diako, Deyaco, Diyako or Deiokes (Greek Δηιόκης) was the first king of the Medes according to Herodotus. In the late 8th century BC there was a Daiukku or Dayukku who was a Mannaean provinci...
Battle of Hyrba
The Battle of Hyrba was the first battle between the Persians and Medians. It was also the first battle after the Persians had revolted. These actions were led (for the most part) by Cyrus the Great, ...
Cyaxares II
Cyaxares II was said to be a king of the Medes whose reign is described by the Greek historian Xenophon. Some theories have equated this figure with the "Darius the Mede" named in the Book of Daniel. ...
List of kings of Persia
The following is a list of kings and queens of Main Dynasties of ancient Persia, which includes all of the empires ruling over geographical Iran and territories lost and their rulers.For more comprehe...
Osroene
Osroene, also spelled Osrohene and Osrhoene (Ancient Greek: Ὀσροηνή; Classical Syriac: ܡܠܟܘܬܐ ܕܒܝܬ ܐܘܪܗܝ Malkūṯā d-Bayt ʿŌrhai) and sometimes known by the name of its capital city, Edessa (m...
Madius
Madius (Ancient Greek: Μάδιος) or Madya was the Scythian king after Partatua. He conquered and ruled the Median Empire from c.633-625 BCE.