Mandaeism
Mandaeism or Mandaeanism (Modern Mandaic: מנדעיותא‎ Mandaʻiūtā; Arabic: مندائية‎ Mandāʼīyah/Mandāʾiyyah) is a gnostic religion (Aramaic manda means "knowledge," as does Greek gnosis) w...
Sabians
The Sabians (/ˈseɪbiənz/; Arabic: صابئة‎) of Middle Eastern tradition are a variety of the Gnostic (Mandean) and Hermetic (Harranian) religions mentioned three times in the Quran with the pe...
Iraqi minorities
Minorities in Iraq include various ethnic and religious groups.
Kurds are an Indo-European people of the Iranian branch. Ethnically and linguistically they are most closely related to Iranians an...
Golowan
Golowan (sometimes also Goluan or Gol-Jowan) is the Cornish language word for the Midsummer celebrations in Cornwall, UK: widespread prior to the late 19th century and most popular in the Penwith are...
Dance of the Seven Veils
The Dance of the Seven Veils is a term used to refer to the dance performed by Salome before Herod Antipas. It is an elaboration on the biblical story of the execution of John the Baptist, which refer...
Adam kasia
Adam kasia means 'the hidden Adam', and comes from Iranian mythology where it means the soul of the first man. The hidden Adam is also called Adam Qadmaia ("the first Adam"). Among the Mandean (south ...
Rudolf Macúch
Rudolf Macúch (Bzince pod Javorinou-Dolné Bzince, Slovakia 16 October 1919-Berlin, 24 July 1993) was a Slovak Protestant theologian and expert on Mandaean language and Samaritan language. From 1963–19...
Rasta (Mandaeism)
"Every Mandaean must own a simple white ceremonial garment, called a rasta. It must be worn during most baptismal rites, religious ceremonies, and during periods of uncleanliness. It signifies the pur...
Mandaic language
Mandaic is the language of the Mandaean religion and community. Classical Mandaic is used by a section of the Mandaean community in liturgical rites. The modern descendent of Classical Mandaic, known ...
Nativity of St. John the Baptist
The Nativity of St. John the Baptist (or Birth of John the Baptist, or Nativity of the Forerunner) is a Christian feast day celebrating the birth of John the Baptist, a prophet who foretold the coming...
Neo-Mandaic
Neo-Mandaic, sometimes called the "ratna" (Arabic: رطنة‎ raṭna "jargon"), is the modern reflex of Classical Mandaic, the liturgical language of the Mandaean religious community of Iraq and ...
Feast of Herod with the Beheading of St John the Baptist
The Feast of Herod with the Beheading of St John the Baptist is an extremely large painting by the German-Silesian artist Bartholomeus Strobel the Younger (1591 – about 1650) which is now disp...
Iraqi Jews
The Jews in Iraq (Hebrew: יְהוּדִים בָּבְלִים, Babylonian Jews, Yehudim Bavlim, Arabic: يهود العراق‎ Yahūd al-ʿIrāq) is documented from the time of the Babylonian captivity c. 586 BC. Iraqi ...
Persian Gnosticism
Persian Gnosticism is a general term for various religious movements in Persia.Movements covered by this term include:
Mandaean Book of John
The Mandaean Book of John (Mandaic language Drāšā D-Yaḥyā; Hebrew script-Aramaic Modern Mandaic: דרשא דיחיא‎) is a Mandaean holy book in Mandaic Aramaic written traditionally by their chief prop...
Iraqi Turkmens
The Iraqi Turkmens (also spelled Turcomans, Turkomens, and Iraqi Turkmans), Iraqi Turks, or Turks of Iraq (Azerbaijani: Iraq Türkmanları/Iraq Türkləri, Turkish: Irak Türkmenleri/Irak Türkleri)...
John the Baptist
John the Baptist (Hebrew: יוחנן המטביל, Yoḥanan ha-mmaṭbil, Arabic: يوحنا المعمدان‎ Yuhanna Al-Ma'madan,Aramaic or Syriac: ܝܘܚܢܢ ܡܥܡܕܢܐ Yoḥanan Mamdana, Classical Armenian: Յովհաննէս Մկ...
Ivan Kupala Day
Kupala Night, also known as Ivan Kupala Day (Feast of St. John the Baptist; Russian: Иван-Купала; Belarusian: Купалле; Ukrainian: Іван Купала; Polish: Noc Kupały), is celebrated in Ukr...
Ginza Rba
The Ginza Rba or Ginza Rabba (Hebrew-script Aramaic Modern Mandaic: גינזא רבא‎ Ginzā Rabbā; literally "The Great Treasury") or Siddra Rabba, "The Great Book" ("rabba", meaning great), and former...
Abathar Muzania
Abathar Muzania is an angelic being mentioned in the literature of the Mandaeans. He is described as having the responsibility of weighing the souls of the deceased to determine their worthiness, usi...
Yazidi
The Yazidis (/jəzˈiːdiːz/ yah-ZEE-dees), also Yezidi, Êzidî or Yazdani, are an ethnoreligious group. They live primarily in the Nineveh Province of Iraq. Additional communities in Armenia, Georgia, an...
Ruha d-Qudsha
In Aramaic, Ruha d-Qudsha (רוחא דקודשא in square script; ܪܘܚܐ ܕܩܘܕܫܐ in Syriac script, Rûḥâ ḏ-Qûḏšâ in Latin script) means "the spirit of holiness" (corresponding to Hebrew: רוח הקודש‎, Rûăḥ ha-...
Armenians in Iraq
The history of Armenians in Iraq is documented since late Babylonian times. The Tigris and Euphrates rivers both have their sources in the Armenian Highland, hence, the land of Iraq and the land of Ar...
Qolusta
Qolusta (Modern Mandaic: קולסתא‎ Qōlutā) is the canonical prayerbook of the Mandaeans, a present day gnostic sect within Iraq and Iran. It was translated into English by E. S. Drower.
Mandaeans
Mandaeans (Modern Mandaic: מנדעניא‎ Mandaʻnāye, Arabic: الصابئة المندائيون‎ aṣ-Ṣabi'a al-Mandā'iyūn) are an ethnoreligious group indigenous to the alluvial plain of southern Mesopotami...
Iraqi Kurdistan
Iraqi Kurdistan or Southern Kurdistan (Kurdish: باشووری کوردستان, Başûrê Kurdistanê), also known as the Kurdistan Region (Kurdish: هه‌رێمی کوردستان, Herêmî Kurdistan), ...
Assyrians in Iraq
Assyrians in Iraq are those Assyrians still residing in the country of Iraq. They are (along with the Mandeans) the indigenous people of Iraq, descending from the ancient Mesopotamians, in particular...
Mandaic alphabet
The Mandaic alphabet is based on the Aramaic alphabet, and is used for writing the Mandaic language. The Mandaic name for the script is Abagada or Abaga, after the first letters of the alphabet. Rathe...