List of states of matter
Classically, states of matter are distinguished by changes in specific heat capacity, pressure and temperature. States are distinguished by a discontinuity in one of those properties: for example, rai...
Scientists To Inject Fuel In Experimental Fusion Device
GREIFSWALD, Germany (AP) — Scientists in northeast Germany were poised to flip the switch Wednesday on an experiment they hope will advance the quest for nuclear fusion, considered a clean and safe fo...
A Huge Gas Cloud Is Speeding Towards The Milky Way At 310KM Per Second
Scientists have discovered where a giant gas cloud that's on a collision course with the Milky Way comes from, and the answer is closer to home than you might think.
Quantum Knots Are Real
The very first experimental observations of knots in quantum matter have just been reported in Nature Physics. The scientists at Aalto University (Finland) and Amherst College (USA) created knotted so...
Tiny Drops Of Early Universe 'Perfect' Fluid
First results from collisions of three-particle ions with gold nuclei reveal clear-cut evidence of primordial soup's signature particle flow. The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), a particle col...
New Glass Manufacturing Technique Could Enable Design Of Hybrid Glasses And Revolutionise Gas Storage
The work revolves around a family of compounds called metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), which are cage-like structures consisting of metal ions, linked by organic bonds. Their porous properties have le...
A Small, Modular, Efficient Fusion Plant To Bring Power Source Closer To Reality
It’s an old joke that many fusion scientists have grown tired of hearing: Practical nuclear fusion power plants are just 30 years away — and always will be. But now, finally, the joke may no longer be...
Superfluid - Ben Miller experiments with superfluid helium - Horizon: What is One Degree? - BBC Two
More about this programme: http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00xhz90 As part of his quest to understand what one degree of temeprature really is, Ben Miller v...
Cold Atom Laboratory Chills Atoms to New Lows - NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory
NASA's Cold Atom Laboratory (CAL) mission has succeeded in producing a state of matter known as a Bose-Einstein condensate, a key breakthrough for the instrument leading up to its debut on the Interna...
Bose-Einstein Condensate Study Puts Universe's Coldest Blobs In Strange New Light
Physicists have come up with a new way to gaze longingly at some of the weirdest matter on Earth — the super-cold, super-calm gas called a Bose-Einstein condensate. While scientists have been able to...
Plasma Device Developed at MU Could Revolutionize Energy Generation and Storage
University of Missouri engineer Randy Curry and his team have developed a method of creating and controlling plasma that could revolutionize American energy generation…
Gas
Kinetic Energy in a Gas Video from: http://www.chemtopics.com/unit07/munit7.htm.
Bose–Einstein condensate
A video by Otago University NZ regarding the study of the behaviour of matter at temperatures less than one millionth of a degree above absolute zero. Full a...
Superfluid
Helium becomes superfluid and displays amazing properties. To address all the comments about helium running out: Most helium on earth is the result of radi...
Bose–Einstein condensate - Michio on Bose-Einstein Condensates
Dr. Kiki asks Dr. Michio Kaku a question from Justin Gill about Bose-Einstein Condensates. Twitter provided a great forum for collecting questions for Dr. Ka...
Bose–Einstein condensate - Video
Bose--Einstein condensate as it realtes to Buddhism.
Solid
Solid is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being liquid, gas, and plasma). It is characterized by structural rigidity and resistance to changes of shape or volume. Unlike a liqu...
Solid - Wikipedia
Liquid
A liquid is a nearly incompressible fluid that conforms to the shape of its container but retains a (nearly) constant volume independent of pressure. As such, it is one of the four fundamental states ...
Liquid - Wikipedia
Gas
Gas is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being solid, liquid, and plasma). A pure gas may be made up of individual atoms (e.g. a noble gas or atomic gas like neon), elemental mo...
Gas - Wikipedia
Glass
Glass is an amorphous (non-crystalline) solid material which is often transparent and has widespread practical, technological, and decorative usage in things like window panes, tableware, and optoelec...
Glass - Wikipedia
Liquid crystal
Liquid crystals (LCs) are matter in a state that has properties between those of conventional liquid and those of solid crystal. For instance, a liquid crystal may flow like a liquid, but its molecule...
Liquid crystal - Wikipedia
Copolymer
When two or more different monomers unite together to polymerize, their result is called a copolymer and its process is called copolymerization.Commercially relevant copolymers include acrylonitrile b...
Copolymer - Wikipedia
Superfluid
Superfluidity is a state of matter in which the matter behaves like a fluid with zero viscosity; where it appears to exhibit the ability to self-propel and travel in a way that defies the forces of gr...
Superfluid - Wikipedia
Bose-Einstein condensate
Schematic Bose-Einstein Condensation versus temperature and the energy diagramA Bose–Einstein condensate (BEC) is a state of matter of a dilute gas of bosons cooled to temperatures very close to abs...
Bose-Einstein condensate - Wikipedia
Fermionic condensate
A fermionic condensate is a superfluid phase formed by fermionic particles at low temperatures. It is closely related to the Bose–Einstein condensate, a superfluid phase formed by bosonic atoms under ...
Quantum Hall effect
The quantum Hall effect (or integer quantum Hall effect) is a quantum-mechanical version of the Hall effect, observed in two-dimensional electron systems subjected to low temperatures and strong magne...
Quantum Hall effect - Wikipedia
Strange matter
Strange matter is a particular form of quark matter, usually thought of as a "liquid" of up, down, and strange quarks. It is to be contrasted with nuclear matter, which is a liquid of neutrons and pro...
Plasma (physics)
Plasma (from Greek πλάσμα, "anything formed") is one of the four fundamental states of matter, the others being solid, liquid, and gas. A plasma has properties unlike those of the other states.A plasm...
Plasma (physics) - Wikipedia
Quark-gluon plasma
A quark–gluon plasma (QGP) or quark soup is a phase of quantum chromodynamics (QCD) which is hypothesized to exist at extremely high temperature, density, or both temperature and density. This phase i...
Degenerate matter
Degenerate matter in physics is a collection of free, non-interacting particles with a pressure and other physical characteristics determined by quantum mechanical effects. It is the analogue of an id...
Supersolid
A supersolid is a spatially ordered material with superfluid properties. Superfluidity is a special quantum state of matter in which a substance flows with zero viscosity.
Liquid helium-4 was disc...