Legal systems of the world
The contemporary legal systems of the world are generally based on one of three basic systems: civil law, common law, and religious law – or combinations of these. However, the legal system of each c...
Legal systems of the world - Wikipedia
BBC Capital - How the attacks in Paris might change Islamic banking
Will the atrocities in France change the future for Sharia-compliant banking?
Custom (law)
Custom in law is the established pattern of behavior that can be objectively verified within a particular social setting. A claim can be carried out in defense of "what has always been done and accept...
Custom (law) - Wikipedia
Civil law (legal system)
Civil law (or civilian law, Roman law) is a legal system originating in Europe, intellectualized within the framework of late Roman law, and whose most prevalent feature is that its core principles ar...
Civil law (legal system) - Wikipedia
Common Law
Common law (also known as case law or precedent) is law developed by judges through decisions of courts and similar tribunals that decide individual cases, as opposed to statutes adopted through the l...
Common Law - Wikipedia
Religious law
Religious law refers to ethical and moral codes taught by religious traditions. Examples include Christian canon law, Islamic sharia, Jewish halakha and Hindu law.The two most prominent systems, cano...
Canon law
Canon law is the body of laws and regulations made by ecclesiastical authority (Church leadership), for the government of a Christian organization or church and its members. It is the internal ecclesi...
Halakha
Halakha (/hɑːˈlɔːxə/; Hebrew: הֲלָכָה, [halaˈχa]; also transliterated as halacha or halachah) or halocho ( [haˈloχo]) is the collective body of Jewish religious laws derived from the Written and Oral...
Hindu law
Hindu law in its current usage refers to the system of personal laws (i.e., marriage, adoption, inheritance) applied to Hindus, especially in India. Modern Hindu law is thus a part of the law of Ind...
Hindu law - Wikipedia
Sharia
To Arabic-speaking people, sharia (/ʃɑːˈriːɑː/; also shari'a, sharīʿah; Arabic: شريعة‎ šarīʿah, [ʃaˈriːʕa], "legislation") means the moral code and religious law of a prophetic religion. The...
Sharia - Wikipedia
Legal pluralism
Legal pluralism is the existence of multiple legal systems within one (human) population and/or geographic area. Plural legal systems are particularly prevalent in former colonies, where the law of a...
Polycentric law
Polycentric law is a legal structure in which providers of legal systems compete or overlap in a given jurisdiction, as opposed to monopolistic statutory law according to which there is a sole provid...
BBC Capital - How the attacks in Paris might change Islamic banking
Will the atrocities in France change the future for Sharia-compliant banking?
Quran
The Quran (/kɔrˈɑːn/ kor-AHN; Arabic: القرآن‎ al-qur'ān, [qurˈʔaːn], literally meaning "the recitation"; also romanised Qurʾan or Koran) is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslim...
Quran - Wikipedia
Eid al-Adha
Eid al-Adha (Arabic: عيد الأضحى‎ ʿīd al-aḍḥā [ʕiːd ælˈʔɑdˤħæ] meaning "Festival of the sacrifice"), also called the Feast of the Sacrifice (Turkish: Kurban Bayramı; Bosnian: Kurban B...
Eid al-Adha - Wikipedia
Human Rights in Islam (book)
Human Rights in Islam is a 1976 book written by Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi, the founder of Jamaat-e-Islami.In the book, Maududi argues that respect for human rights has always been enshrined in Sharia la...
Islam and democracy
Islamic democracy refers to a political ideology that seeks to apply Islamic principles to public policy within a democratic framework. In practice, there are three kinds of political systems in the M...
Ramadan
Ramadan (/ˌræməˈdɑːn/; Arabic: رمضان‎ Ramaḍān, [rɑmɑˈdˤɑːn]; Persian: رَمَضان‎ Ramazān; Urdu: رَمْضان‎ Ramzān; Turkish: Ramazan; Indonesian/Malay: Ramadan) is the ninth m...
Ramadan - Wikipedia
Islam and war
The beginnings of Jihad are traced back to the words and actions of Muhammad and the Quran. This encourages the use of Jihad against non-Muslims. The Qu’ran, however, never uses the term Jihad for fig...
Ali Dilem
Ali Dilem (born 1967 in El Harrach, Alger Province) is an Algerian cartoonist. On 11 February 2006, he was sentenced to one year in jail and a 50,000 dinar fine by an Algerian court for a dozen carto...
Ali Dilem - Wikipedia
Fath al-Bari
Fath ul-Bari fi Sharh Sahih al-Bukhari (Arabic: فتح الباري‎) ("Grant of the Creator") is the most valued Sunni commentary of Sahih al-Bukhari, written by Ibn Hajr Asqalani. It is reported t...
Law in Oceania
Law in Oceania refers to the different legal systems within the geographical area of Oceania. Countries such as Australia and New Zealand follow in the Commonwealth tradition of common law, and until ...
Najis
In Islamic law, najis (Arabic: نجس‎) are things or persons regarded as ritually unclean. According to Islam, there are two kinds of najis: the essential najis which cannot be cleaned and the...
Khilafah Ammah
Khilafah Ammah (خلافة عامّة) is a type of Islamic governmental concept introduced by Shah Waliullah in his book Izalatul Khafa'an Khilafatul Khulafa.In that book he introduces a unique classification ...
Jihad in Hadith
Hadith are narrations originating from the words and deeds of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Hadith are regarded by the traditional schools of jurisprudence as important tools for understanding t...
Roman Dutch law
Roman-Dutch law (Dutch: Rooms-Hollands recht, Afrikaans: Romeins-Hollandse reg) is a casuistic (judge-made) legal system based on Roman law as applied in the Netherlands in the 17th and 18th centuries...
Ma malakat aymanukum and sex
Ma malakat aymanukum ("what your right hands possess", Arabic: ما ملكت أيمانکم‎) is a reference in the Qur'an to slaves.
The term itself is normally considered to refer to prisoners of w...