Legal systems of the world
The contemporary legal systems of the world are generally based on one of three basic systems: civil law, common law, and religious law – or combinations of these. However, the legal system of each c...
BBC Capital - How the attacks in Paris might change Islamic banking
Will the atrocities in France change the future for Sharia-compliant banking?
Custom (law)
Custom in law is the established pattern of behavior that can be objectively verified within a particular social setting. A claim can be carried out in defense of "what has always been done and accept...
Civil law (legal system)
Civil law (or civilian law, Roman law) is a legal system originating in Europe, intellectualized within the framework of late Roman law, and whose most prevalent feature is that its core principles ar...
Common Law
Common law (also known as case law or precedent) is law developed by judges through decisions of courts and similar tribunals that decide individual cases, as opposed to statutes adopted through the l...
Religious law
Religious law refers to ethical and moral codes taught by religious traditions. Examples include Christian canon law, Islamic sharia, Jewish halakha and Hindu law.The two most prominent systems, cano...
Canon law
Canon law is the body of laws and regulations made by ecclesiastical authority (Church leadership), for the government of a Christian organization or church and its members. It is the internal ecclesi...
Halakha
Halakha (/hɑːˈlɔːxə/; Hebrew: הֲלָכָה, [halaˈχa]; also transliterated as halacha or halachah) or halocho ( [haˈloχo]) is the collective body of Jewish religious laws derived from the Written and Oral...
Hindu law
Hindu law in its current usage refers to the system of personal laws (i.e., marriage, adoption, inheritance) applied to Hindus, especially in India. Modern Hindu law is thus a part of the law of Ind...
Sharia
To Arabic-speaking people, sharia (/ʃɑːˈriːɑː/; also shari'a, sharīʿah; Arabic: شريعة‎ šarīʿah, [ʃaˈriːʕa], "legislation") means the moral code and religious law of a prophetic religion. The...
Legal pluralism
Legal pluralism is the existence of multiple legal systems within one (human) population and/or geographic area. Plural legal systems are particularly prevalent in former colonies, where the law of a...
Polycentric law
Polycentric law is a legal structure in which providers of legal systems compete or overlap in a given jurisdiction, as opposed to monopolistic statutory law according to which there is a sole provid...
BBC Capital - How the attacks in Paris might change Islamic banking
Will the atrocities in France change the future for Sharia-compliant banking?
Hadith
Hadith (/ˈhædɪθ/ or /hɑːˈdiːθ/; Arabic: حديث‎) in Islamic religious use is often translated as "prophetic traditions", meaning the corpus of the reports of the teachings, deeds and say...
Quran
The Quran (/kɔrˈɑːn/ kor-AHN; Arabic: القرآن‎ al-qur'ān, [qurˈʔaːn], literally meaning "the recitation"; also romanised Qurʾan or Koran) is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslim...
Eid al-Adha
Eid al-Adha (Arabic: عيد الأضحى‎ ʿīd al-aḍḥā [ʕiːd ælˈʔɑdˤħæ] meaning "Festival of the sacrifice"), also called the Feast of the Sacrifice (Turkish: Kurban Bayramı; Bosnian: Kurban B...
Human Rights in Islam (book)
Human Rights in Islam is a 1976 book written by Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi, the founder of Jamaat-e-Islami.In the book, Maududi argues that respect for human rights has always been enshrined in Sharia la...
Islam and democracy
Islamic democracy refers to a political ideology that seeks to apply Islamic principles to public policy within a democratic framework. In practice, there are three kinds of political systems in the M...
Khilafah Ammah
Khilafah Ammah (خلافة عامّة) is a type of Islamic governmental concept introduced by Shah Waliullah in his book Izalatul Khafa'an Khilafatul Khulafa.In that book he introduces a unique classification ...
Jihad in Hadith
Hadith are narrations originating from the words and deeds of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Hadith are regarded by the traditional schools of jurisprudence as important tools for understanding t...
Ma malakat aymanukum and sex
Ma malakat aymanukum ("what your right hands possess", Arabic: ما ملكت أيمانکم‎) is a reference in the Qur'an to slaves.
The term itself is normally considered to refer to prisoners of w...
Jail Madrassa
Jail Madrassa is a religious seminary being used as a faith-based religious center for rehabilitation of drug addicts, juvenile criminals, and religious training for a fee.This seminary came into lime...
Bay'ah
Bay‘ah (Arabic: بَيْعَة‎, literally a "sale" or a "commercial transaction"), in Islamic terminology, is an oath of allegiance to a leader. It is known to have been practiced by the Islamic p...
Early Irish law
Early Irish law, also called Brehon law, comprised the statutes which governed everyday life in Early Medieval Ireland. They were partially eclipsed by the Norman invasion of 1169, but underwent a res...
Islamic leadership
After Muhammad's death, the disputed question of who should be the successor (Caliph) to Muhammad's political authority led eventually to the division of Islam into Sunni and Shia.Sunni's believe that...
Al ash-Sheikh
The Al ash-Sheikh (Arabic: آل الشيخ‎, ʾĀl aš-Šayḫ), also transliterated in a number of other ways, including Al ash-Shaykh, Al ash-Shaikh, Al al-Shaykh, or Al-Shaykh is Saudi Arabia's leadi...
Akika
`Aqīqah or Akika (Arabic: عقيقة) is the Islamic tradition of the sacrifice of an animal on the occasion of a child's birth. It is widely performed by Muslims and it is considered sunnah to slaughter o...