Legal fiction
A legal fiction is a fact assumed or created by courts which is then used in order to apply a legal rule which was not necessarily designed to be used in that way. For example, the rules of the United...
Health insurance mandate
A health insurance mandate is either an employer or individual mandate to obtain private health insurance instead of (or in addition to) a national health insurance plan.
Australia's national heal...
Legal terms
The legal year, in English law as well as in other common law jurisdictions, is the calendar during which the judges sit in court. It is traditionally divided into periods called "terms."
In Engl...
Liability
A liability can mean something that is a hindrance or puts an individual or group at a disadvantage, or something that someone is responsible for, or something that increases the chance of something o...
Sovereignty
Sovereignty, in layman's terms, means a state or a governing body has the full right and power to govern itself without any interference from outside sources or bodies. In political theory, sovereignt...
Bad faith
Bad faith (Latin: mala fides) is double mindedness or double heartedness in duplicity, fraud, or deception. It may involve intentional deceit of others, or self-deception.The expression “bad faith” is...
Individual mandate
An individual mandate is a requirement by law that certain persons purchase or otherwise obtain a good or service.
In the United States, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act signed in 20...
Law of obligations
The law of obligations is one branch of private law under the civil law legal system. It is the body of rules that organizes and regulates the rights and duties arising between individuals. The specif...
Equal justice under law
Equal justice under law is a phrase engraved on the front of the United States Supreme Court building in Washington D.C. It is also a societal ideal that has influenced the American legal system.The ...
Words of purchase
Words of purchase are words in a grant or conveyance of a freehold estate that designate the persons who receive the grant. Words of purchase are contrasted with words of limitation, which describe th...
In absentia
Absentia is Latin for absence. In absentia, a legal term, is Latin for "in the absence" or "while absent".(In) absentia may also refer to:
Abstraction principle (law)
The abstraction principle or Abstraktionsprinzip is a legal term in German law relating to the law of obligations (Schuldrecht) and property law (Eigentumsrecht). Although no express reference to it i...
Litigation strategy
Litigation strategy is the process by which counsel for one party to a lawsuit intends to integrate their actions with anticipated events and reactions to achieve the overarching goal of the litigatio...
Statutory liability
Statutory Liability is a legal term indicating the liability of a party who may be held responsible for any action or omission due to a related law that is not open to interpretation.Although the term...
Israel Israeli
Israel Israeli (Hebrew: ישראל ישראלי, Yisrael Yisraeli) is a placeholder name used in Israel in much the same manner as John Doe in the United States or Joe Bloggs in the United Kingdom.The term "Plon...
Legal personality
To have legal personality means to be capable of having legal rights and obligations within a certain legal system, such as entering into contracts, suing, and being sued. Legal personality is a prere...
Bill of Middlesex
The Bill of Middlesex was a legal fiction used by the Court of King's Bench to gain jurisdiction over cases traditionally in the remit of the Court of Common Pleas. Hinging on the King's Bench's remai...
Numerus clausus (law)
The numerus clausus is a concept of property law which limits the number of types of right that the courts will acknowledge as having the character of "property". Several consequences follow from a ri...
Possession is nine-tenths of the law
Possession is nine-tenths of the law is an expression meaning that ownership is easier to maintain if one has possession of something, or difficult to enforce if one does not. The expression is also s...
Sovereign immunity
Sovereign immunity, or crown immunity, is a legal doctrine by which the sovereign or state cannot commit a legal wrong and is immune from civil suit or criminal prosecution. This principle is commonl...
Argentine irredentism
Argentine irredentism refers to the idea of Argentina's sovereignty over the British Overseas Territories of the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, along with the dispute ...
Justification (jurisprudence)
Justification in jurisprudence is an exception to the prohibition of committing certain offenses. Justification can be a defense in a prosecution for a criminal offense. When an act is justified, a pe...
Parity (law)
Principle of parity is a legal concept used in codecision procedure disabling one European institution from making decision without obtaining assent of the other institution engaged in the procedure.<...