Leeds United A.F.C.-Manchester United F.C. rivalry
The rivalry between Leeds United and Manchester United, sometimes nicknamed the Roses rivalry, is a footballing rivalry played between the Northern English clubs Leeds United and Manchester United. Th...
Leeds United A.F.C.-Manchester United F.C. rivalry - Wikipedia
Wars of the Roses
The Wars of the Roses were a series of dynastic wars for the throne of England. They were fought between supporters of two rival branches of the royal House of Plantagenet, the houses of Lancaster and...
Wars of the Roses - Wikipedia
Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840. This transition included going from hand production methods...
Industrial Revolution - Wikipedia
Lady Knyvet
Lady Alice Knyvet was an English noblewoman, wife of John Knyvet of Buckenham Castle. In 1461, left in charge of the castle by her husband, she refused to surrender it to Edward IV and the royal commi...
Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond and Derby
Margaret Beaufort (usually pronounced: /ˈboʊfərt/, BOH-fərt; or /ˈbjuːfərt/, BEW-fərt), Countess of Richmond and Derby (31 May 1443 – 29 June 1509), was the mother of King Henry VII and paternal grand...
Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond and Derby - Wikipedia
Transport during the British Industrial Revolution
Transportation of goods to factories, and of finished products from them, was limited by high transport costs along roads to their destinations. This was not too severe in the case of light valuable ...
Battle of Blore Heath
The Battle of Blore Heath was one of the first major battles in the English Wars of the Roses. It was fought on 23 September 1459, at Blore Heath in Staffordshire, two miles east of the town of Market...
Battle of Blore Heath - Wikipedia
John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley
John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley, KG (25 December 1400 – 30 September 1487) was an English nobleman. A diplomat and councillor of Henry VI, he fought in several battles during the Hundred Years War...
John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley - Wikipedia
House of York
The House of York was a cadet branch of the English royal House of Plantagenet. Three of its members became Kings of England in the late 15th century. The House of York was descended in the male line ...
House of York - Wikipedia
Battle of Ludford Bridge
The Battle of Ludford Bridge was a largely bloodless battle fought in the early years of the Wars of the Roses. It took place on 12 October 1459, and resulted in a setback for the Yorkists. Although t...
Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset
Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset, KG (1406 – 22 May 1455), sometimes styled 1st Duke of Somerset, was an English nobleman and an important figure in the Wars of the Roses and in the Hundred Years...
Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset - Wikipedia
John Neville, 1st Marquess of Montagu
John Neville, 1st Marquess of Montagu KG (c.1431 – 14 April 1471) was, until his final years, a Yorkist leader in the Wars of the Roses, brother of Warwick the Kingmaker and perhaps best known for eli...
John Neville, 1st Marquess of Montagu - Wikipedia
William Neville, 1st Earl of Kent
William Neville, 1st Earl of Kent KG (c. 1405 – 9 January 1463) and jure uxoris 6th Baron Fauconberg, was an English nobleman and soldier.He fought during the latter part of the Hundred Years Wa...
William Neville, 1st Earl of Kent - Wikipedia
Economic history of Sweden

During the period 1790-1815 Sweden experienced two parallel economic movements: an agricultural revolution with larger agricultural estates, the crown transferring areas to private farmers, new c...
James Butler, 5th Earl of Ormond
James Butler, 5th Earl of Ormond, 1st Earl of Wiltshire, KG (c.1422 – 1 May 1461) was the son of James Butler, 4th Earl of Ormond. A staunch Lancastrian and supporter of Margaret of Anjou during the W...
James Butler, 5th Earl of Ormond - Wikipedia
William Catesby
Sir William Catesby (1450 – August 25, 1485) was one of Richard III of England's principal councillors. He also served as Chancellor of the Exchequer and Speaker of the House of Commons during Richard...
John de Vere, 12th Earl of Oxford
John de Vere, 12th Earl of Oxford (23 April 1408 – 26 February 1462), was the son of Richard de Vere, 11th Earl of Oxford (1385?–15 February 1417), and his second wife, Alice Sergeaux (1386–1452). A ...
John de Vere, 12th Earl of Oxford - Wikipedia
Henry Beaufort, 3rd Duke of Somerset
Henry Beaufort, 3rd Duke of Somerset (26 January 1436 – 15 May 1464) was an important Lancastrian military commander during the English Wars of the Roses. He is sometimes numbered the 2nd Duke of Some...
History of rail transport in Great Britain
The railway system of Great Britain, the principal territory of the United Kingdom, is the oldest in the world. The system was originally built as a patchwork of local rail links operated by small pri...
History of rail transport in Great Britain - Wikipedia
Thomas de Scales, 7th Baron Scales
Lord Thomas de Scales or Thomas Scales de Newselles or Thomas Scalles KG (1397 – 25 July 1460), 7th Baron Scales, Knight of the Garter from 1426 was one of the main English commanders in the last twen...
Thomas de Scales, 7th Baron Scales - Wikipedia
Robin of Redesdale
Robin of Redesdale, sometimes called "Robin Mend-All", was the leader of an insurrection against King Edward IV of England. His true identity is unknown, but it is thought he could have been either S...
Coventry Sallet
The Coventry Sallet is a 15th-century helmet now on display at Herbert Art Gallery and Museum. English sallets have been considered both rare and important.
The Sallet is 11 inches (27.9 cm) ...
Coventry Sallet - Wikipedia
History of the British canal system
The British canal system of water transport played a vital role in the United Kingdom's Industrial Revolution at a time when roads were only just emerging from the medieval mud and long trains of pack...
History of the British canal system - Wikipedia
Humphrey Stafford, 1st Earl of Devon
Humphrey Stafford, 1st Earl of Devon (ca. 1439 – 17 August 1469) was a dominant magnate in south-western England in the mid-15th century, and a participant in the Wars of the Roses. A d...
Humphrey Stafford, 1st Earl of Devon - Wikipedia
Second Battle of St Albans
The Second Battle of St Albans was a battle of the English Wars of the Roses fought on 17 February 1461, at St Albans. The army of the Yorkist faction under the Earl of Warwick attempted to bar the ro...
Second Battle of St Albans - Wikipedia
Economic history of Japan
The economic history of Japan is most studied for the spectacular social and economic growth in the 1800s after the Meiji Restoration, when it became the first non-European power, and for the expansio...
Economic history of Japan - Wikipedia
Treaty of Westminster (1462)
The Treaty of Westminster (or the Treaty of Westminster-Ardtornish) was signed on 13 February 1462 between Edward IV of England of the House of York and the Scottish Lord of the Isles, John of Islay, ...
Treaty of Westminster (1462) - Wikipedia
Meiji Restoration
The Meiji Restoration (明治維新, Meiji Ishin), also known as the Meiji Ishin, Renovation, Revolution, Reform, or Renewal, was a chain of events that restored practical imperial rule to Japan in 18...
Meiji Restoration - Wikipedia
William Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke (1423-1469)
William Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke (c. 1423 – 27 July 1469), known as "Black William", was the son of William ap Thomas, founder of Raglan Castle, and Gwladys ferch Dafydd Gam, and grandson of Daf...
William Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke (1423-1469) - Wikipedia