Kalam
ʿIlm al-Kalām (Arabic: علم الكلام‎, literally "science of discourse"), often foreshortened to kalām, is an Islamic science born out of the need to establish and defend the tenets of Islamic ...
Ash'ari
Ash'arism or Ashʿari theology (/æʃəˈriː/; Arabic الأشعرية al-Asha`riyya or الأشاعرة al-Ashā`irah) is an early theological school of Islam (Sunni in particular) founded by Imam Abu al-Hasan al-Ash'ari ...
Al-Ghazali
Abū Ḥāmid Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad al-Ghazālī (/ɡæˈzɑːli/; Arabic: ابو حامد محمد ابن محمد الغزالي‎; c. 1058–1111), known as Al-Ghazali or Algazel to the Western medieval world, was a Muslim t...
Al-Shahrastani
Tāj al-Dīn Abū al-Fath Muhammad ibn `Abd al-Karīm ash-Shahrastānī (1086–1153 CE) was an influential Persian historian of religions and a historiographer. His book, Kitab al–Milal wa al-Nihal (lit. The...
Ilm al-Kalam
ʿIlm al-Kalām (Arabic: علم الكلام‎, literally "science of discourse"), often foreshortened to kalām, is an Islamic science born out of the need to establish and defend the tenets of Islamic ...
Kalām cosmological argument
The Kalām cosmological argument (sometimes capitalized Kalām Cosmological Argument, or abbreviated KCA) is a modern defense (or re-formulation) of the cosmological argument for the existence of God ro...
Abu al-Hasan al-Ash'ari
Abū al-Hasan Alī ibn Ismā'īl al-Ash'arī (874–936) (Arabic: ابو الحسن علي ابن إسماعيل اﻷشعري‎) was a Shafi'i scholar and theologian who founded the school of tenets of faith that bears his n...
Fakhr al-Din al-Razi
Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Umar ibn al-Husayn at-Taymi al-Bakri at-Tabaristani Fakhr ad-Din ar-Razi (Arabic:أبو عبدالله محمد بن عمر بن الحسن بن الحسين بن علي التيمي البكري فخرالدین الرازی ), most commo...
Al-Juwayni
Imam al-Haramayn Dhia' ul-Din Abd al-Malik ibn Yusuf al-Juwayni al-Shafi'i (Persian: امام الحرمین ضیاءالدین عبدالملک ابن یوسف جوینی شافعی‎, 1028—1085 CE; 419—478 AH) was a Persian Sunni Shafi'i ...