Judaism and Islam
Islamic–Jewish relations started in the 7th century CE with the origin and spread of Islam in the Arabian peninsula. The two religions share similar values, guidelines, and principles. Islam also inc...
Austria advice due on claim to Klimt frieze looted by Nazis
An Austrian government advisory board is due to recommend whether one of Gustav Klimt's most famous paintings should be returned to the heirs of its original Jewish owners, reports the BBC Bethany Bel...
History of the Levant
Heritage of Palestine (Ancient Period)
History of the Levant
The Levant is a geographical term that refers to a large area in Southwest Asia, south of the Taurus Mountains, bounded by the Mediterranean Sea in the west, the Arabian Desert in the south, and Mesop...
History of the Jews under Muslim rule
By the time of the Muslim conquests of the 7th century, ancient Jewish communities had existed in many parts of the Middle East and North Africa since Antiquity. Jews under Islamic rule were given the...
People of the Book
People of the Book (Arabic: أهل الكتاب ‎ ′Ahl al-Kitāb) are the Jews and Christians.In Islam, the Muslim scripture, the Qur'an, is taken to represent the completion of these scriptures, and ...
Biblical narratives and the Qur'an
The Qur'an, the central religious text of Islam, contains references to more than fifty people and events also found in the Bible. While the stories told in each book are generally comparable in most ...
Judaism
Judaism (from the Latin: Iudaismus, derived from the Greek Ἰουδαϊσμός, and ultimately from the Hebrew יהודה, Yehudah, "Judah"; in Hebrew: יהדות, Yahadut, the distinctive characteristics of the Jud...
Five Pillars of Islam
The Five Pillars of Islam (arkān al-Islām أركان الإسلام; also arkān al-dīn أركان الدين "pillars of the religion") are five basic acts in Islam, considered mandatory by believers and are the foundation...
Judeo-Islamic philosophies (800 - 1400)
This article covers the influence of Jewish and Islamic philosophy on each other, focusing especially on the period from 800–1400 CE.
A century after the Qur'an was revealed, numerous religious sc...
Jewish philosophy
Jewish philosophy (Hebrew: פילוסופיה יהודית‎; Arabic: الفلسفة اليهودية‎; Yiddish: ייִדיש פֿילאָסאָפֿיע) includes all philosophy carried out by Jews, or in relation to the religion ...
Early Islamic philosophy
Early Islamic philosophy or classical Islamic philosophy is a period of intense philosophical development beginning in the 2nd century AH of the Islamic calendar (early 9th century CE) and lasting unt...
Maimonides
Mosheh ben Maimon (Hebrew: משה בן-מימון‎), or Mūsā ibn Maymūn (Arabic: موسى بن ميمون‎), acronymed RaMBaM (Hebrew: רמב"ם‎ – for "Rabbeinu Mosheh Ben Maimon", "Our Rabbi/Teacher Mo...
Austria advice due on claim to Klimt frieze looted by Nazis
An Austrian government advisory board is due to recommend whether one of Gustav Klimt's most famous paintings should be returned to the heirs of its original Jewish owners, reports the BBC Bethany Bel...
Federation of Arab Trade Unions and Labor Societies
FATULS, the Federation of Arab Trade Unions and Labor Societies (Ittihad al-Niqabat wa'l-Jam'iyyat al-'Arabiyya, later known as the Arab Workers' Congress) was formed by Marxist activists led by Bulus...
Gabriel
In Abrahamic religions, Gabriel (Hebrew: גַּבְרִיאֵל,  Gavri'el,  Gaḇrîʼēl, God is my strength; Arabic: جبريل, Jibrīl or جبرائيل Jibrāʾīl) is an archangel who typically serves as a messenger...
Sodom and Gomorrah (play)
Sodom and Gomorrah (French title: Sodome et Gomorrhe) is a play by French dramatist Jean Giraudoux (1882–1944). Composed as a tragedy set in the Biblical city of Sodom, the play was first published in...
Annas
Annas [also Ananus or Ananias], son of Seth (23/22 BC–death date unknown, probably around 40CE), was appointed by the Roman legate Quirinius as the first High Priest of the newly formed Roman pr...
James Finn
James Finn was a British Consul in Jerusalem, in the then Ottoman Empire (1846–1863). He arrived in 1845 with his wife Elizabeth Anne Finn. Finn was a devout Christian, who belonged to the London Soci...
Biblical Aramaic
Biblical Aramaic is the form of the Aramaic language that is used in the books of Daniel, Ezra and a few other places in the Hebrew Bible. It should not be confused with the Aramaic paraphrases, expla...
Islamic view of Moses
Mûsâ (Arabic: ٰمُوسَى, translit.: Mūsa; c. 2076 (c. 1392) – c. 1952 BH (c. 1272 BCE)), known as Moses in the Hebrew Bible, is considered a prophet, messenger, and leader in Islam. In Islamic...
Battle of El Buggar Ridge
The Battle of el Buqqar Ridge took place on 27 October 1917, when one infantry regiment and cavalry troops of the Yildirim Army Group, attacked the 8th Mounted Brigade of the Egyptian Expeditionary Fo...
Jewish National Council
The Jewish National Council (JNC) (Hebrew: ועד לאומי‎, Va'ad Le'umi), also known as the Jewish People's Council was the main national institution of the Jewish community (Yishuv) within the Brit...
Mamluk
Mamluk (Arabic: مملوك mamlūk (singular), مماليك mamālīk (plural), meaning "property" or "owned slave" of the king, or 'white slave'; also transliterated as mamlouk, mamluq, mamluke, mameluk, mameluke,...
History of the Jews in Iran
The beginnings of Jewish history in Iran date back to late biblical times. The biblical books of Isaiah, Daniel, Ezra, Nehemiah, contain references to the life and experiences of Jews in Persia. In th...
Assyrian captivity of Israel
The Assyrian captivity (or Assyrian exile) is the period in Jewish history during which a number of Jews of the ancient Kingdom of Israel were captives in Assyria. The Northern Kingdom of Israel was c...
Daniel in rabbinic literature
Allusions in rabbinic literature to the Biblical story of Daniel contain various expansions, elaborations and inferences beyond the text presented in the book of the Bible.
According to rabbinical...
Black Panthers (Israel)
The Black Panthers (Hebrew: הפנתרים השחורים‎, translit. HaPanterim HaShhorim; Arabic: الفهود السوداء‎) were an Israeli protest movement of second-generation Jewish immigrants from Midd...
Archaeology of Lebanon
The archaeology of Lebanon spans a vast time period, ranging from the Lower Palaeolithic up to the Ottoman period.
Lebanon features several important Paleolithic sites associated with Neanderthal...