Judaism and Islam
Islamic–Jewish relations started in the 7th century CE with the origin and spread of Islam in the Arabian peninsula. The two religions share similar values, guidelines, and principles. Islam also inc...
Austria advice due on claim to Klimt frieze looted by Nazis
An Austrian government advisory board is due to recommend whether one of Gustav Klimt's most famous paintings should be returned to the heirs of its original Jewish owners, reports the BBC Bethany Bel...
History of the Levant
Heritage of Palestine (Ancient Period)
History of the Levant
The Levant is a geographical term that refers to a large area in Southwest Asia, south of the Taurus Mountains, bounded by the Mediterranean Sea in the west, the Arabian Desert in the south, and Mesop...
History of the Jews under Muslim rule
By the time of the Muslim conquests of the 7th century, ancient Jewish communities had existed in many parts of the Middle East and North Africa since Antiquity. Jews under Islamic rule were given the...
People of the Book
People of the Book (Arabic: أهل الكتاب ‎ ′Ahl al-Kitāb) are the Jews and Christians.In Islam, the Muslim scripture, the Qur'an, is taken to represent the completion of these scriptures, and ...
Biblical narratives and the Qur'an
The Qur'an, the central religious text of Islam, contains references to more than fifty people and events also found in the Bible. While the stories told in each book are generally comparable in most ...
Judaism
Judaism (from the Latin: Iudaismus, derived from the Greek Ἰουδαϊσμός, and ultimately from the Hebrew יהודה, Yehudah, "Judah"; in Hebrew: יהדות, Yahadut, the distinctive characteristics of the Jud...
Five Pillars of Islam
The Five Pillars of Islam (arkān al-Islām أركان الإسلام; also arkān al-dīn أركان الدين "pillars of the religion") are five basic acts in Islam, considered mandatory by believers and are the foundation...
Judeo-Islamic philosophies (800 - 1400)
This article covers the influence of Jewish and Islamic philosophy on each other, focusing especially on the period from 800–1400 CE.
A century after the Qur'an was revealed, numerous religious sc...
Jewish philosophy
Jewish philosophy (Hebrew: פילוסופיה יהודית‎; Arabic: الفلسفة اليهودية‎; Yiddish: ייִדיש פֿילאָסאָפֿיע) includes all philosophy carried out by Jews, or in relation to the religion ...
Early Islamic philosophy
Early Islamic philosophy or classical Islamic philosophy is a period of intense philosophical development beginning in the 2nd century AH of the Islamic calendar (early 9th century CE) and lasting unt...
Maimonides
Mosheh ben Maimon (Hebrew: משה בן-מימון‎), or Mūsā ibn Maymūn (Arabic: موسى بن ميمون‎), acronymed RaMBaM (Hebrew: רמב"ם‎ – for "Rabbeinu Mosheh Ben Maimon", "Our Rabbi/Teacher Mo...
Austria advice due on claim to Klimt frieze looted by Nazis
An Austrian government advisory board is due to recommend whether one of Gustav Klimt's most famous paintings should be returned to the heirs of its original Jewish owners, reports the BBC Bethany Bel...
Jewish Palestinian Aramaic
The Jewish Palestinian Aramaic, also called Judean Aramaic and Galilean Aramaic, was a Western Aramaic language spoken by the Jews in Roman and Byzantine Palestine in the early first millennium. The l...
Haggith
Haggith (sometimes Hagith, Aggith, Hebrew Hagit חַגִּית) is a biblical character, one of the wives of David. Her name means "festive."Haggith is mentioned in 2 Samuel 3:4, 1 Kings 1–2, and 1 Chronicl...
Federation of Arab Trade Unions and Labor Societies
FATULS, the Federation of Arab Trade Unions and Labor Societies (Ittihad al-Niqabat wa'l-Jam'iyyat al-'Arabiyya, later known as the Arab Workers' Congress) was formed by Marxist activists led by Bulus...
Annas
Annas [also Ananus or Ananias], son of Seth (23/22 BC–death date unknown, probably around 40CE), was appointed by the Roman legate Quirinius as the first High Priest of the newly formed Roman pr...
James Finn
James Finn was a British Consul in Jerusalem, in the then Ottoman Empire (1846–1863). He arrived in 1845 with his wife Elizabeth Anne Finn. Finn was a devout Christian, who belonged to the London Soci...
HaMagen
HaMagen (Hebrew: המגן‎, lit. The Shield), was a Jewish defense organization in Ottoman Palestine, founded by Yosef Lishansky in summer 1915. It guarded villages in the northern Negev and disband...
Aramaic Enoch Scroll
The Aramaic Enoch Scroll is a non-published, complete copy of the Book of Enoch that is rumored to be in the possession of private investors.There is no proof of its existence, but according to the fo...
Balfour Declaration of 1917
The Balfour Declaration (dated 2 November 1917) was a letter from the United Kingdom's Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour to Baron Rothschild (Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild), a leader of...
Efes Daromi
Epes the Southerner (Hebrew: אפס הדרומי‎, translit: Efes ha-Daromi) or Rabbi Epes, was a scholar of the 3rd century, secretary to the patriarch Judah I (Gen. R. lxxv. 5), and one of the last tan...
Islamic view of Moses
Mûsâ (Arabic: ٰمُوسَى, translit.: Mūsa; c. 2076 (c. 1392) – c. 1952 BH (c. 1272 BCE)), known as Moses in the Hebrew Bible, is considered a prophet, messenger, and leader in Islam. In Islamic...
Battle of El Buggar Ridge
The Battle of el Buqqar Ridge took place on 27 October 1917, when one infantry regiment and cavalry troops of the Yildirim Army Group, attacked the 8th Mounted Brigade of the Egyptian Expeditionary Fo...
Mamluk
Mamluk (Arabic: مملوك mamlūk (singular), مماليك mamālīk (plural), meaning "property" or "owned slave" of the king, or 'white slave'; also transliterated as mamlouk, mamluq, mamluke, mameluk, mameluke,...
Iulia Valentia Banasa
Colonia Iulia Valentia Banasa was one of the three colonias in Mauretania Tingitana (in northern Morocco) founded by emperor Augustus between 33 and 25 BC. for veterans of the battle of Actium.
It...
History of the Middle East
Home to the Cradle of Civilization, the Middle East (usually interchangeable with the Near East) has seen many of the world's oldest cultures and civilizations. This history started from the earliest ...
History of the Jews in Iran
The beginnings of Jewish history in Iran date back to late biblical times. The biblical books of Isaiah, Daniel, Ezra, Nehemiah, contain references to the life and experiences of Jews in Persia. In th...