Not in Heaven
Not in Heaven (lo ba-shamayim hi) is a phrase found in a Biblical verse, Deut 30:12, which encompasses the passage's theme, and takes on additional significance in rabbinic Judaism.In its literal or p...
Be-mai peligei
Be-mai peligei (Aramaic: במאי פליגי) is a phrase used in legal debates in the Talmud, meaning On what do they disagree? It is used in explaining the difference between two views of the law (usually as...
Torato Omanuto
Torato Omanuto (Hebrew: תורתו אומנותו‎, lit. Torah study is his artistry) is a term describing one whose Torah study ("Torato"; as a religious commandment) is his main occupation ("Omanuto", his...
Torato Omanuto - Wikipedia
Grama (halacha)
A Grama in Halacha (Jewish law) is something that was caused by something else but whose outcome is not guaranteed.There is a rule that Grama benizakin patur. If somebody caused financial harm to some...
Asmachta (Talmudical hermeneutics)
In Talmudical hermeneutics, asmachta is a hint found in the Hebrew Bible for rabbinic prohibitions or given Jewish law. It's an exception in the talmudical hermeneutics, since it doesn't base the law ...
Fellow Student
Fellow Student (Hebrew: תלמיד חבר) was a Talmudist epithet commonly used to describe the interim status of a disciple between the status of being merely a disciple of a teacher Rabbi and being practic...
Chazakah
Chazakah, (Hebrew חזקה, khazakah, legal acquisition by right of possession) is a Midrashic and Talmudic concept, the presumption of ownership of a personal status (such as being of kohen or levite sta...
It is time to work for the Lord
"It is time to work for the Lord" is the first half of a verse in Psalms that has served as a dramatic slogan at several junctures in rabbinic Judaism.Psalm 119:126 states: "It is time for the Lord to...
B'rov am hadrat melech
The Hebrew phrase b'rov am hadrat melech (ברב עם הדרת מלך, "in multitudes there is glorification of the king") (Proverbs 14:28) is a principle in Jewish law that recommends that commandments, good dee...
B'rov am hadrat melech - Wikipedia
List of Talmudic principles
The Talmud uses many types of logical arguments.
A Chazakah (Hebrew: חזקה‎) usually refers to the default assumption; i.e. what is assumed until there is evidence to the contrary. For ex...
List of Talmudic principles - Wikipedia
Positive commandment
The tradition that 613 commandments (Hebrew: תרי"ג מצוות‎: taryag mitzvot, "613 mitzvot") is the number of mitzvot in the Torah, began in the 3rd century CE, when Rabbi Simlai mentioned it i...
Tumtum (Judaism)
Tumtum (טומטום in Hebrew, meaning "hidden") is a term that appears in Jewish Rabbinic literature and usually refers to a person whose sex is unknown, because their genitalia are covered or "hidden." ...
Chazal
Chazal or Ḥazal (Hebrew: חז"ל‎) is an acronym for the Hebrew "Ḥakhameinu Zikhronam Liv'rakha" (חכמינו זכרונם לברכה, "Our Sages, may their memory be blessed"), is a general term that refers to al...
Chazal - Wikipedia
Atchalta De'Geulah
Atchalta De'Geulah (Aramaic: אתחלתא דגאולה; Hebrew: התחלת הגאולה, Hatchalat ha-Geulah, lit. "the beginning of the redemption") is a term for a concept of an idea, derived from the Gemara. It refers to...
Proper behavior precedes the Torah
Proper behavior (or Proper ethical behavior) precedes the Torah (Hebrew: דרך ארץ קדמה לתורה) is a Jewish saying based on a passage from the Chazal found in the Midrash (Leviticus Rabbah 9:3), one of t...
Proper behavior precedes the Torah - Wikipedia
Toch k'dei dibur
The Hebrew phrase tokh k'dei dibur (תוך כדי דיבור, "within [time] sufficient for speech") is a principle in Jewish law that governs the immediacy with which one must speak words for them to be consid...
Bemeizid
The Hebrew adjective מזיד mezid means "deliberate." The adverbial form be-mezid means "deliberately." This Hebrew term is used in Jewish law to indicate that something was done on purpose. This matter...
Bemeizid - Wikipedia
Rov
Rov (Hebrew: רוֹב‎) is a Talmudic concept which means the majority.It is based on the passage in Exodus 23;2: "after the majority to wrest" (אחרי רבים להטות), which in Rabbinic interpretation me...
Rov - Wikipedia
Ikar v'tafel
Ikar v'tafel (Hebrew: עיקר וטפל‎, "primary and secondary") is a principle in Jewish law that governs the proper blessing that is assigned to any particular food prior to consumption (B.Berac...
Breira (Talmudic doctrine)
Breira or Bererah (translation: "clarification" or "choice") is a doctrine in Talmudic law serving as a development of the law of joint property, and its validity is the subject of dispute among Talmu...
Nafka minnah
Nafka minnah (Aramaic: נפקא מינה, lit. "emerges from it" ) is a Talmudic phrase used in analytical debates. It is often used in the phrase Mai nafka minnah? (מאי נפקא מינה), which asks, "What is the ...
Tza'ar ba'alei chayim
Tza'ar ba'alei chayim (literally means: "the suffering of living creatures") is the Jewish principle which bans inflicting unnecessary pain on animals. This concept is not clearly enunciated in the w...
Tafasta meruba lo tafasta
Tafasta meruba lo tafasta (Hebrew: תפשת מרובה לא תפשת, "If you have seized a lot, you have not seized") is a Talmudic idiom used to express the idea that when it is possible to take a particular law f...
Yad soledet bo
The Hebrew phrase yad soledet bo (יד סולדת בו, the degree of heat "from which the hand recoils") is a principle in Jewish law that governs those laws that deal with cooking.It can be referred to as "b...
Get (divorce document)
A get (/ɡɛt/; Hebrew: גט‎, plural gittin גיטין) is a divorce document in Jewish religious law, which must be presented by a husband to his wife to effect their divorce. The essential part of the...
Tzedakah
Tzedakah [tsedaˈka] or Ṣ'daqah [sˤəðaːˈqaː] in Classical Hebrew (Hebrew: צדקה‎; Arabic: صدقة‎), is a Hebrew word literally meaning justice or righteousness but commonly used to signif...
Tzedakah - Wikipedia