Iranian philosophy
Iranian philosophy or Persian philosophy can be traced back as far as to Old Iranian philosophical traditions and thoughts which originated in ancient Indo-Iranian roots and were considerably influenc...
Zarathushtra-The Revolutionary Iranian Prophet And First Philosopher In History
There was a time when the philosophy of oneness, one entity and one universal power emerged out of the polytheistic teachings.
Zoroastrianism
Zoroastrianism /ˌzɒroʊˈæstriənɪzəm/, /-ˌzɔr/, also called Zarathustraism, Mazdaism and Magianism, is an ancient monotheistic Iranian religion and a religious philosophy. It was once the state religion...
Manichaeism
Manichaeism (/ˈmænɨkiːɪzəm/;in Modern Persian آیین مانی Āyin e Māni; Chinese: 摩尼教; pinyin: Móní Jiào) was a major religion that was founded by the Iranian prophet Mani (in Persian: مانی, Syria...
Mazdak
Mazdak (Persian: مزدک‎) (died c. 524 or 528) (also Mazdak the Younger) was a Zoroastrian prophet, Iranian reformer and religious activist who gained influence under the reign of the Sassanid Sha...
Zurvanism
Zurvanism is a now-extinct branch of Zoroastrianism in which the divinity Zurvan is a First Principle (primordial creator deity) who engendered equal-but-opposite twins, Ahura Mazda and Angra Mainyu. ...
Islamic philosophy
Islamic philosophy is the systematic investigation of problems connected with life, the universe, ethics, society, and so on as conducted in the Muslim world. Not all Islamic philosophers have been Mu...
Early Islamic philosophy
Early Islamic philosophy or classical Islamic philosophy is a period of intense philosophical development beginning in the 2nd century AH of the Islamic calendar (early 9th century CE) and lasting unt...
Avicennism
Avicenna (/ˌævəˈsɛnə/; Latinate form of Ibn-Sīnā (Persian: پور سینا / ابن سینا‎‍; Arabic: ابن سینا‎‍), full name Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn Al-Hasan ibn Ali ib...
Illuminationist philosophy
Illuminationism is a doctrine according to which the process of human thought needs to be aided by divine grace. It is the oldest and most influential alternative to naturalism in the theory of mind a...
Transcendent theosophy
Transcendent theosophy or al-hikmat al-muta’li (حكمت متعالي), the doctrine and philosophy developed by Persian philosopher Mulla Sadra is one of two main disciplines of Islamic philosophy that is curr...
Modern Islamic philosophy
Contemporary Islamic philosophy revives some of the trends of medieval Islamic philosophy, notably the tension between Mutazilite and Asharite views of ethics in science and law, and the duty of Musli...
List of Muslim philosophers
Muslim philosophers both profess Islam and engage in a style of philosophy situated within the structure of Islamic culture, though not necessarily concerned with religious issues. The sayings of the ...
Sufism
Sufism (Arabic: الصوفية‎ al-ṣūfiyya; Persian: تصوف‎ taṣawwuf ) is a concept in Islam, defined by scholars as the inner, mystical dimension of Islam; others contend that it is a perenni...
2nd of Khordad Movement
Iranian Reformists (Persian: اصلاح‌طلبان‎ Eslâh-Talabân), or the Reforms Front (Persian: جبههٔ اصلاحات‎) also known as 2nd of Khordad Front (Persian: جبهه دوم خرداد ‎) (which refers ...
Persecution of Zoroastrians
Persecution of Zoroastrians is the religious persecution inflicted upon the followers of the Zoroastrian faith. The persecution of Zoroastrians occurred throughout its history. The discrimination and ...
Ontetic philosophy
Ontetic philosophy is a speculative systematic philosophy developed by Persian philosopher Mahmoud Khatami. This system of philosophy is based on a special reduction that is called Ontetic Reduction.<...
Zoroaster
Zoroaster (/ˌzɒroʊˈæstər/ or /ˈzɒroʊˌæstər/, from Greek Ζωροάστρης Zōroastrēs), also known as Zarathustra (/ˌzɑrəˈθuːstrə/; Avestan: Zaraϑuštra; Persian: زرتشت‎ Zartosht, زردشت Zardosht), wa...
Zarathushtra-The Revolutionary Iranian Prophet And First Philosopher In History
There was a time when the philosophy of oneness, one entity and one universal power emerged out of the polytheistic teachings.
Jābir ibn Hayyān
Abu Mūsā Jābir ibn Hayyān (Arabic: جابر بن حیان‎, Persian: جابرحیان‎, often given the nisbahs al-al-Bariqi, al-Azdi, al-Kufi, al-Tusi or al-Sufi; fl. c. 721 – c. 815), a...
Ostanes
Ostanes or Osthanes was the pen-name used by several pseudo-anonymous authors of Greek and Latin works from Hellenistic period onwards. Together with Pseudo-Zoroaster and Pseudo-Hystaspes, Ostanes be...
Alchemy and chemistry in medieval Islam
Alchemy and chemistry in Islam refers to the study of both traditional alchemy and early practical chemistry (the early chemical investigation of nature in general) by scholars in the medieval Islamic...
Averroism
Averroism is a school of Islamic philosophy that arose from the influence of the 12th century Al-Andalus Muslim philosopher Averroës, who worked on reconciling Aristotelianism with Islam. Alternativel...
Sufi–Salafi relations
The relationship between Salafism and Sufis – two movement of Islam with different interpretations of Islam – is historically diverse and reflects some of the changes and conflicts in the Muslim world...