Impact assessment
Policy Impact Assessments (IAs) are formal, evidence-based procedures that assess the economic, social, and environmental effects of public policy. They have been incorporated into policy making in th...
Environmental impact assessment
Environmental impact assessment is the formal process used to predict the environmental consequences (positive or negative) of a plan, policy, program, or project prior to the decision to move forward...
Technology assessment
Technology assessment (TA, German Technikfolgenabschätzung, French évaluation des choix scientifiques et technologiques) is a scientific, interactive, and communicative process that aims to contribute...
Circles of Sustainability
Circles of Sustainability is a method for understanding and assessing sustainability, and for managing projects directed towards socially sustainable outcomes. It is intended to handle 'seemingly intr...
Open assessment
Open assessment is a method for making impact assessments where anyone can participate and contribute. Most open assessments have been made in Opasnet, which is a wiki-based web-workspace specifically...
Outcome mapping
Outcome mapping is a project progress measurement system that was designed by the grant-making organisation International Development Research Centre (IDRC). It differs from traditional metrics in th...
Social impact assessment
Social impact assessment (SIA) is a methodology to review the social effects of infrastructure projects and other development interventions.
The origins of SIA largely derive from the environmenta...
Technology forecasting
Technology forecasting attempts to predict the future characteristics of useful technological machines, procedures or techniques.
Primarily, a technological forecast deals with the characteristics...
Outcomes theory
Outcomes theory provides the conceptual basis for thinking about, and working with outcomes systems of any type. An outcomes system is any system that: identifies; prioritizes; measures; attributes; o...
Sustainability appraisal
In United Kingdom planning law, a sustainability appraisal is an appraisal of the economic, environmental, and social effects of a plan from the outset of the preparation process to allow decisions to...
Arctic Climate Impact Assessment
The Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA) is a study describing the ongoing climate change in the Arctic and its consequences: rising temperatures, loss of sea ice, unprecedented melting of the Gree...
American Evaluation Association
The American Evaluation Association (AEA) is a professional association for evaluators and those with a professional interest in the field of evaluation, including practitioners, faculty, students, fu...
Multi-Agency Geographic Information for the Countryside
Multi-Agency Geographic Information for the Countryside (MAGIC) is a governmental website in the United Kingdom which allows for quick and easy access to previously hard to find information, in map fo...
Systems thinking
Systems thinking is the process of understanding how things, regarded as systems, influence one another within a whole. In nature, systems thinking examples include ecosystems in which various element...
Regulatory Impact Analysis
A Regulatory Impact Analysis or Regulatory Impact Assessment (RIA) is a document created before a new government regulation is introduced. RIAs are produced in many countries, although their scope, co...
Four-step impact assessment
The Four-Step Impact Assessment is an academic framework initiated and published by Jonathan Mann and colleagues at the Francouis-Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights at the Harvard Schoo...
Avoided burden
Avoided burden is an approach used in Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), especially in the context of allocating environmental burden in the presence of recycling or reuse. When determining the overall envi...
Health impact assessment
Health Impact Assessment (HIA) is defined as "a combination of procedures, methods, and tools bywhich a policy, program, or project may be judged as to its potential effects on thehealth of a populati...
Digital Repository Audit Method Based on Risk Assessment
The Digital Repository Audit Method Based on Risk Assessment (DRAMBORA) is a methodology and associated software-based toolkit developed by Digital Curation Centre (DCC) and DigitalPreservationEurope ...
Committee on Sustainability Assessment
Committee on Sustainability Assessment (COSA) is a non-profit global consortium of institutions, sustained in partnership with the International Institute for Sustainable Development’s Sustainable Com...
Failure mode, effects, and criticality analysis
Failure mode, effects and criticality analysis (FMECA) is an extension of failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA). FMEA is a bottom-up, inductive analytical method which may be performed at either th...
Impact evaluation
Impact evaluation assesses the changes that can be attributed to a particular intervention, such as a project, program or policy, both the intended ones, as well as ideally the unintended ones. In con...
Environmental product declaration
In life cycle assessment, an environmental product declaration (EPD) is a standardized way of quantifying the environmental impact of a product or system. Declarations include information on the envir...
Interdepartmental Liaison Group on Risk Assessment
The UK Interdepartmental Liaison Group on Risk Assessment (ILGRA) is "an informal committee of officials responsible for policy development and practical applications of risk assessment in all major D...
Risk assessment
Risk assessment is the determination of quantitative or qualitative value of risk related to a concrete situation and a recognized threat (also called hazard). Quantitative risk assessment requires ca...
Health technology assessment
Health technology assessment is a multi-disciplinary field of policy analysis that studies the medical, social, ethical, and economic implications of development, diffusion, and use of health techno...
Government Accountability Office
The Government Accountability Office (GAO) is an independent agency which provides to the United States Congress audit, evaluation, and investigative services. As such it is part of the legislative br...
Futures studies
Futures studies (also called futurology and futurism) is the study of postulating possible, probable, and preferable futures and the worldviews and myths that underlie them. There is a debate as to wh...
IT risk management
The IT risk management is the application of risk management to Information technology context in order to manage IT risk, i.e.:IT risk management can be considered a component of a wider enterprise r...