History of the euro
The euro came into existence on 1 January 1999, although it had been a goal of the European Union (EU) and its predecessors since the 1960s. After tough negotiations, particularly due to opposition fr...
International status and usage of the euro
The international status and usage of the euro has grown since its launch in 1999. When the euro formally replaced 12 currencies on 1 January 2002, it inherited their use in territories such as...
Dollarisation
Currency substitution occurs when the inhabitants of a country use a foreign currency in parallel to or instead of the domestic currency.Currency substitution can be full or partia...
Montenegro and the euro
Montenegro has no currency of its own. From 1996 the Deutsche Mark was the de facto currency in all private and banking transactions and it was formally adopted as Montenegro's currency in Novem...
Kosovo and the euro
Kosovo unilaterally adopted the euro as its currency in 2002; however, it is not an official Eurozone member.
During the disintegration of Yugoslavia in the 1990s Kosovo unsuccessfully attem...
Special member state territories and the European Union
Several European Union member states have special territories which, for historical, geographical, or political reasons, enjoy special status within or outside the European Union. These statuses range...
Andorran Euro coins
Andorran–European relations are based on a customs union between Andorra and the European Union (EU).
The "Agreement between the European Economic Community and the Principality of Andorra" (signe...