History of Western philosophy
The history of philosophy is the study of philosophical ideas and concepts through time. Issues specifically related to history of philosophy might include (but are not limited to): How can changes in...
History of Western philosophy - Wikipedia
Ancient philosophy
This page lists some links to ancient philosophy. In Western philosophy, the spread of Christianity through the Roman Empire marked the ending of Hellenistic philosophy and ushered in the beginnings o...
Ancient philosophy - Wikipedia
Medieval philosophy
Medieval philosophy is the philosophy in the era now known as medieval or the Middle Ages, the period roughly extending from the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century C.E. to the Renaiss...
Medieval philosophy - Wikipedia
Renaissance philosophy
The designation "Renaissance philosophy" is used by scholars of intellectual history to refer to the thought of the period running in Europe roughly between 1350 and 1650 (the dates shift forward for ...
Renaissance philosophy - Wikipedia
Modern philosophy
Modern philosophy is a branch of philosophy that originated in Western Europe in the 17th century, and is now common worldwide. It is not a specific doctrine or school (and thus should not be confused...
17th-century philosophy
17th-century philosophy in the Western world is generally regarded as being the start of modern philosophy, and a departure from the medieval approach, especially Scholasticism.Early 17th-century ...
18th-century philosophy
The Age of Enlightenment (or simply the Enlightenment, or Age of Reason) is an era from the 1650s to the 1780s in which cultural and intellectual forces in Western Europe emphasized reason, analysis, ...
18th-century philosophy - Wikipedia
19th-century philosophy
In the 19th century the philosophies of the Enlightenment began to have a dramatic effect, the landmark works of philosophers such as Immanuel Kant and Jean-Jacques Rousseau influencing new generation...
Contemporary philosophy
Contemporary philosophy is the present period in the history of Western philosophy beginning at the end of the 19th century with the professionalization of the discipline and the rise of analytic and ...
Eastern philosophy
Eastern philosophy includes the various philosophies of South and East Asia, including Chinese philosophy, Indian philosophy, Japanese philosophy, and Korean philosophy. Sometimes Iranian/Persian phil...
Eastern philosophy - Wikipedia
Abrahamic religions
Abrahamic religions (also Semitic religions) are monotheistic faiths of West Asian origin, emphasizing and tracing their common origin to Abraham or recognizing a spiritual tradition identified with h...
Abrahamic religions - Wikipedia
African philosophy
African philosophy is philosophy produced by African people, philosophy which presents African worldviews, or philosophy that uses distinct African philosophical methods. Although African philosophers...
Development of the Christian biblical canon
The Christian biblical canons are the books Christians regard as divinely inspired and constituting a Christian Bible. Books included in the Christian biblical canons of both the Old and New Testament...
Development of the Christian biblical canon - Wikipedia
Sramana
Sramana (Sanskrit: श्रमण Śramaṇa; Pali: समण samaṇa) means "seeker." Sramanic practice and inquiry insists on the direct and authentic investigation of the experience of being human (Stephen Co...
Humanism in France
Humanism in France found its way from Italy, but did not become a distinct movement until the 16th century was well on its way.On the completion of the Hundred Years' War between France and England, t...
Humanism in France - Wikipedia
Quran
The Quran (/kɔrˈɑːn/ kor-AHN; Arabic: القرآن‎ al-qur'ān, [qurˈʔaːn], literally meaning "the recitation"; also romanised Qurʾan or Koran) is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslim...
Quran - Wikipedia
Dawah
Da‘wah (also transliterated daawa(h); Arabic: دعوة‎ "invitation") means the proselytizing or preaching of Islam. Da‘wah literally means "issuing a summons" or "making an invitation", being a...
Son of man
"Son of man" is a phrase used in the Hebrew Bible, various apocalyptic works of the inter-testamental period, and the Greek New Testament. In the indefinite form ("son of man", "one like a son of man"...
Son of man - Wikipedia
Slavonic Josephus
Slavonic Josephus refers to a set of manuscripts that were once attributed to the ancient historian Flavius Josephus, but have since been mostly discredited. Josephus wrote all of his surviving works ...
Slavonic Josephus - Wikipedia
World to Come
The world to come, age to come, or heaven on Earth are eschatological phrases reflecting the belief that the "current world" or "current age" is flawed or cursed and will be replaced in the future by ...
World to Come - Wikipedia
Incident at Antioch
The Incident at Antioch was an Apostolic Age dispute between the apostles Paul and Peter which occurred in the city of Antioch around the middle of the first century. The primary source for the incid...
Incident at Antioch - Wikipedia
History of male circumcision
Various reasons have been given for the adoption of circumcision as a practice in different cultures around the world. The oldest documentary evidence for circumcision comes from ancient Egypt. Circum...
History of male circumcision - Wikipedia
Masoretic Text
The Masoretic Text (MT, 𝕸, or ) is the authoritative Hebrew text of the Tanakh for Rabbinic Judaism. However, contemporary scholars seeking to understand the history of the Hebrew Bible’s text use a ...
Masoretic Text - Wikipedia
Paul the Apostle and Judaism
The relationship between Paul the Apostle and Second Temple Judaism continues to be the subject of much scholarly research, as it is thought that Paul played an important role in the relationship betw...
Paul the Apostle and Judaism - Wikipedia
History of the Quran
The history of the Quran refers to the revelation of the Quran to Islamic prophet Muhammad, and its subsequent compilation. It spans several decades and forms an important part of early Islamic histor...
History of the Quran - Wikipedia
God in Islam
In Islamic theology, God (Arabic: الله‎ Allāh) is the all-powerful and all-knowing creator, sustainer, ordainer and judge of the universe. Islam emphasizes that God is strictly singular (taw...
Cārvāka
Cārvāka (Sanskrit: चार्वाक), originally known as Lokāyata and Bṛhaspatya, is one of the heterodox schools of Hinduism, that rejects supernaturalism, emphasizes materialism and philosophical scepti...
Law of Christ
"The law of Christ" (ὁ νόμος τοῦ Χριστοῦ) is a New Testament phrase of uncertain meaning, found only in the Pauline Epistles at Galatians 6:2 and parenthetically (ἔννομος Χριστῷ "being under the law t...