History of Western philosophy
The history of philosophy is the study of philosophical ideas and concepts through time. Issues specifically related to history of philosophy might include (but are not limited to): How can changes in...
Ancient philosophy
This page lists some links to ancient philosophy. In Western philosophy, the spread of Christianity through the Roman Empire marked the ending of Hellenistic philosophy and ushered in the beginnings o...
Medieval philosophy
Medieval philosophy is the philosophy in the era now known as medieval or the Middle Ages, the period roughly extending from the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century C.E. to the Renaiss...
Renaissance philosophy
The designation "Renaissance philosophy" is used by scholars of intellectual history to refer to the thought of the period running in Europe roughly between 1350 and 1650 (the dates shift forward for ...
Modern philosophy
Modern philosophy is a branch of philosophy that originated in Western Europe in the 17th century, and is now common worldwide. It is not a specific doctrine or school (and thus should not be confused...
17th-century philosophy
17th-century philosophy in the Western world is generally regarded as being the start of modern philosophy, and a departure from the medieval approach, especially Scholasticism.Early 17th-century ...
18th-century philosophy
The Age of Enlightenment (or simply the Enlightenment, or Age of Reason) is an era from the 1650s to the 1780s in which cultural and intellectual forces in Western Europe emphasized reason, analysis, ...
19th-century philosophy
In the 19th century the philosophies of the Enlightenment began to have a dramatic effect, the landmark works of philosophers such as Immanuel Kant and Jean-Jacques Rousseau influencing new generation...
Contemporary philosophy
Contemporary philosophy is the present period in the history of Western philosophy beginning at the end of the 19th century with the professionalization of the discipline and the rise of analytic and ...
Eastern philosophy
Eastern philosophy includes the various philosophies of South and East Asia, including Chinese philosophy, Indian philosophy, Japanese philosophy, and Korean philosophy. Sometimes Iranian/Persian phil...
Abrahamic religions
Abrahamic religions (also Semitic religions) are monotheistic faiths of West Asian origin, emphasizing and tracing their common origin to Abraham or recognizing a spiritual tradition identified with h...
African philosophy
African philosophy is philosophy produced by African people, philosophy which presents African worldviews, or philosophy that uses distinct African philosophical methods. Although African philosophers...
Maoism
Mao Zedong Thought (simplified Chinese: 毛泽东思想; traditional Chinese: 毛澤東思想; pinyin: Máo Zédōng Sīxiǎng) is a political theory which is derived from the teachings of the Chinese political le...
The New Commandment
The New Commandment of Jesus to "love one another" is part of the final instructions given to his disciples after the Last Supper had "ended", and after Judas Iscariot had departed in John 13:30.This ...
Sufi philosophy
Sufi philosophy includes the schools of thought unique to Sufism, a mystical branch within Islam. Sufism and its philosophical traditions may be associated with both Sunni Islam and Shia Islam. It has...
Freemasons
Freemasonry is a fraternal organisation that traces its origins to the local fraternities of stonemasons, which from the end of the fourteenth century regulated the qualifications of masons and their ...
Humanism in France
Humanism in France found its way from Italy, but did not become a distinct movement until the 16th century was well on its way.On the completion of the Hundred Years' War between France and England, t...
Jumu'ah
Jumu'ah (in standard Arabic jum`ah; Arabic: صلاة الجمعة‎ ṣalāt al-jum`ah, "Friday prayer") is a congregational prayer (ṣalāt) that Muslims hold every Friday, just after noon in the place of ...
Quran
The Quran (/kɔrˈɑːn/ kor-AHN; Arabic: القرآن‎ al-qur'ān, [qurˈʔaːn], literally meaning "the recitation"; also romanised Qurʾan or Koran) is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslim...
Slavonic Josephus
Slavonic Josephus refers to a set of manuscripts that were once attributed to the ancient historian Flavius Josephus, but have since been mostly discredited. Josephus wrote all of his surviving works ...
World to Come
The world to come, age to come, or heaven on Earth are eschatological phrases reflecting the belief that the "current world" or "current age" is flawed or cursed and will be replaced in the future by ...
Incident at Antioch
The Incident at Antioch was an Apostolic Age dispute between the apostles Paul and Peter which occurred in the city of Antioch around the middle of the first century. The primary source for the incid...
History of male circumcision
Various reasons have been given for the adoption of circumcision as a practice in different cultures around the world. The oldest documentary evidence for circumcision comes from ancient Egypt. Circum...
Carvaka
Cārvāka (Sanskrit: चार्वाक), originally known as Lokāyata and Bṛhaspatya, is one of the heterodox schools of Hinduism, that rejects supernaturalism, emphasizes materialism and philosophical scepti...
Non-Sabbatarianism
Non-Sabbatarianism is the affirmation of the religious liberty not to observe a weekly rest or worship day (Sabbath), usually in Christianity. While keepers of weekly days usually also believe in reli...
Paul the Apostle and Judaism
The relationship between Paul the Apostle and Second Temple Judaism continues to be the subject of much scholarly research, as it is thought that Paul played an important role in the relationship betw...
Cārvāka
Cārvāka (Sanskrit: चार्वाक), originally known as Lokāyata and Bṛhaspatya, is one of the heterodox schools of Hinduism, that rejects supernaturalism, emphasizes materialism and philosophical scepti...
Republic of Letters
The Republic of Letters (Respublica literaria) is the long-distance intellectual community in the late 17th and 18th centuries in Europe and America. It fostered communication among the intellectuals...