German language
German (Deutsch [ˈdɔʏtʃ]) is a West Germanic language. It derives most of its vocabulary from the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family. A number of words are derived from Latin and Gre...
German-speaking Europe
The German language is spoken in a number of countries and territories in Europe.The language is used both as an official language and as a minority language in various European countries. To cover th...
German diaspora
German diaspora (German: Deutschstämmige, historically/national social terminology also Volksdeutsche), are Germans and their descendants living outside of Germany.
Volksdeutsche "ethnic Ger...
Pennsylvania German
The Pennsylvania Dutch (Pennsilfaanisch Deitsch) are a cultural group formed by early German-speaking immigrants to Pennsylvania and their descendants. This early wave of settlers, which would eventua...
Plautdietsch
Plautdietsch, or Mennonite Low German, was originally a Low Prussian variety of East Low German, with Dutch influence, that developed in the 16th and 17th centuries in the Vistula delta area of Royal ...
Hutterite German
Hutterite German (Hutterisch) is an Upper German dialect of the Austro-Bavarian variety of the German language, which is spoken by Hutterite communities in Canada and the United States. Hutterite is a...
History of German
The history of the German language as separate from common West Germanic begins in the Early Middle Ages with the High German consonant shift. Old High German, Middle High German and Early Modern High...
Standard German
Standard German (German: Standarddeutsch or Hochdeutsch) is the standard variety of the German language used in formal contexts, and for communication between different dialect areas.Regarding the...
German as a foreign language
The German language is one of the most widely spoken of the languages of Europe. German is one of the official languages of the European Union, and one of the three working languages of the European C...
German dialects
German dialect is dominated by the geographical spread of the High German consonant shift, and the dialect continuum that connects the German with the Dutch language.
In German linguistics, German...
Low German
Low German or Low Saxon (Plattdüütsch, Nedderdüütsch, Platduuts, Nedderduuts; Standard German: Plattdeutsch or Niederdeutsch; Dutch: Nederduits in the wider sense, see Nomenclature below) is an Ingva...
High German languages
The High German languages or High German dialects (German: Hochdeutsche Dialekte) comprise the varieties of German spoken south of the Benrath and Uerdingen isoglosses in central and southern Germ...
German grammar
German grammar is the grammar of the German language. Although some features of German grammar, such as the formation of some of the verb forms, resemble those of English, German grammar differs from ...
German verbs
German verbs may be classified as either weak, with a dental consonant inflection, or strong, showing a vowel gradation (ablaut). Both of these are regular systems. Most verbs of both types are regula...
German orthography
German orthography, although largely phonemic, shows many instances of spellings that are historic or analogous to other spellings rather than phonemic. The pronunciation of almost every word can be d...
German alphabet
German orthography, although largely phonemic, shows many instances of spellings that are historic or analogous to other spellings rather than phonemic. The pronunciation of almost every word can be d...
2nd Orthographic Conference (German)
German orthography, although largely phonemic, shows many instances of spellings that are historic or analogous to other spellings rather than phonemic. The pronunciation of almost every word can be d...
Antiqua-Fraktur dispute
The Antiqua–Fraktur dispute was a typographical dispute in 19th- and early 20th-century Germany.In most European countries, blackletter typefaces like the German Fraktur were displaced with the creati...
German orthography reform of 1944
The planned German spelling reform of 1944 was a failed attempt to amend German orthography. Although one million copies of the new rules were printed by 1944 for school use, the reform was never intr...
German orthography reform of 1996
The German orthography reform of 1996 (Rechtschreibreform) was an attempt to simplify the spelling of the German language and thus to make it easier to learn, without substantially changing the rules...
German phonology
The phonology of Standard German is the standard pronunciation or accent of the German language. It deals with current phonology and phonetics as well as with historical developments thereof as well ...
High German consonant shift
In historical linguistics, the High German consonant shift or second Germanic consonant shift is a phonological development (sound change) that took place in the southern parts of the West Germanic di...
History of the German language
The history of the German language as separate from common West Germanic begins in the Early Middle Ages with the High German consonant shift. Old High German, Middle High German and Early Modern High...