Freiwirtschaft
Freiwirtschaft (German for "free economy") is an economic idea founded by Silvio Gesell in 1916. He called it Natürliche Wirtschaftsordnung (natural economic order). In 1932, a group of Swiss business...
Freiwirtschaft - Wikipedia
Free trade with U.S.? Europe balks at chlorine chicken, hormone beef
Critics worry hormone-treated, chemically sanitized or genetically modified foods could help usher in American-style capitalism.
Free trade with U.S.? Europe balks at chlorine chicken, hormone beef
Critics worry hormone-treated, chemically sanitized or genetically modified foods could help usher in American-style capitalism.
TTIP
The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) is a proposed free trade agreement between the European Union and the United States. Proponents say the agreement would result in multilateral...
Ural franc
The Ural franc (Уральский франк) was a scrip issued in Sverdlovsk (Yekaterinburg) in Russia in 1996 during the financial crisis affecting local and regional governments in the Russian Federation.[1]Th...
Scrip
Scrip (sometimes called chit) is a term for any substitute for legal tender and is often a form of credit. Scrips were created as company payment of employees under the truck system and also as a mean...
Term (time)
A term is a period of duration, time or occurrence, in relation to an event. To differentiate an interval or duration, common phrases are used to distinguish the observance of length are near-term or ...
Term (time) - Wikipedia
Saber (sectoral currency)
The Saber (Spanish/Portuguese: knowledge) currency is a proposal of an educational sectoral currency initially presented in Brazil. It would be handed out by the ministry of education. The currency is...
Bernard Lietaer
Bernard Lietaer (born in 1942 in Lauwe, Belgium) is a civil engineer, economist, author and professor. He studies monetary systems and promotes the idea that communities can benefit from creating thei...
Bernard Lietaer - Wikipedia
Free trade
Free trade is a policy in international markets in which governments do not restrict imports or exports. Free trade is exemplified by the European Union / European Economic Area and the North America...
Free trade - Wikipedia
JAK Members Bank
The JAK Members Bank, or JAK Medlemsbank, is a cooperative, member-owned financial institution based in Skövde, Sweden, and based on a concept that arose in Denmark in 1931. JAK is an acronym for Jord...
JAK Members Bank - Wikipedia
Time-based currency
In economics, a time-based currency is an alternative currency where the unit of exchange is the person-hour.Some time-based currencies value everyone’s contributions equally: one hour equals one serv...
History of international trade
The history of international trade chronicles notable events that have affected the trade between various countries.In the era before the rise of the nation state, the term 'international' trade canno...
History of international trade - Wikipedia
Silvio Gesell
Silvio Gesell ([ɡəˈzɛl]; March 17, 1862 – March 11, 1930) was a German merchant, theoretical economist, social activist, Georgist, anarchist and founder of Freiwirtschaft.
Silvio Gesell's mother w...
Silvio Gesell - Wikipedia
Neutral unit of construction (airlines)
The neutral unit of construction or neutral unit of currency (code: NUC) is a private currency used by the airline industry, to record fare calculation information. A set of exchange rates is issued ...
The Natural Economic Order
The Natural Economic Order (German: Die natürliche Wirtschaftsordnung durch Freiland und Freigeld; published in Bern in 1916) is considered Silvio Gesell's most important book. It is a work on mon...
Wära
The Wära was a demurrage-charged currency used in Germany introduced in the late 1920s as a free economy experiment in various places around Germany. It was introduced by Hans Timm and Helmut Rödiger,...
Wära - Wikipedia
Virtual economy
A virtual economy (or sometimes synthetic economy) is an emergent economy existing in a virtual persistent world, usually exchanging virtual goods in the context of an Internet game. People enter thes...
Sectoral currency
A sectoral currency is a form of complementary currency that is restricted to a specific sector. Examples of sectoral currency are the Saber, which is restricted to the educational sector and thus can...
Fureai kippu
Fureai kippu (in Japanese ふれあい切符 :Caring Relationship Tickets) is a Japanese sectoral currency created in 1995 by the Sawayaka Welfare Foundation so that people could earn credits helping seniors...
Pioneer Energy
Pioneer Energy LP (formerly Pioneer Petroleums), commonly referred to as Pioneer, is Ontario, Canada’s largest independent gas retailer and convenience store operator. Founded by Murray Hogarth in 195...
Pioneer Energy - Wikipedia
Ripple (payment protocol)
Ripple is a payment system, currency exchange and remittance network by Ripple Labs. It is built upon a distributed, open source Internet protocol, consensus ledger and native currency called ripples ...
Ripple (payment protocol) - Wikipedia
Ithaca Hours
The Ithaca HOUR is a local currency used in Ithaca, New York and is the oldest and largest local currency system in the United States that is still operating. It has inspired other similar systems in...
Hans Benno Bernoulli
Hans Benno Bernoulli (17 February 1876 – 12 September 1959) was a Swiss architect and city planner.
Bernoulli was born in Basel, the son of Theodor Bernoulli, an office clerk. He was descend...
Hans Benno Bernoulli - Wikipedia
Labor notes (currency)
Labor notes are an alternative currency based on exchange of hours of labor.Two early attempts at implementing labor notes were made by social reformers Josiah Warren and Robert Owen following their e...
Labor notes (currency) - Wikipedia
Occitan (local currency)
Occitan is the name of a community currency started in 2010 in Pézenas, Languedoc-Roussillon, France. It is named after the ethnic name Occitan. The Occitan program is intended to promote local commer...
Occitan (local currency) - Wikipedia
Wörgl Hauptbahnhof
Wörgl Hauptbahnhof is the main station of Wörgl, a city in the Kufstein district of the Austrian federal state of Tyrol, about 20 km from the state border with Bavaria.
Media related to Wörg...
Wörgl Hauptbahnhof - Wikipedia