May 8 1980, Smallpox Eradicated-The Rise And Fall Of Smallpox
On May 8, 1980, the World Health Organization officially pronounced victory in the fight against smallpox, confirming that no known cases of the dreaded killer existed anywhere on the planet. Take a l...
Benjamin Waterhouse
Benjamin Waterhouse (March 4, 1754, Newport, Rhode Island - October 2, 1846, Cambridge, Massachusetts) was a physician, co-founder and professor of Harvard Medical School. He is most well known for be...
May 8 1980, Smallpox Eradicated-The Rise And Fall Of Smallpox
On May 8, 1980, the World Health Organization officially pronounced victory in the fight against smallpox, confirming that no known cases of the dreaded killer existed anywhere on the planet. Take a l...
1972 outbreak of smallpox in Yugoslavia
The 1972 outbreak of smallpox in Yugoslavia was the last major outbreak of smallpox in Europe. It was centred in Kosovo and Belgrade, Serbia (both then part of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavi...
Modified vaccinia Ankara
The Modified Vaccinia Ankara (MVA) is an attenuated vaccine of a poxvirus. It was licensed and used as a poxvirus vaccine in Bavaria and is a vector for vaccination against non-poxvirus diseases.
...
Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans
Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans (13 September 1676 – 23 December 1744) was a French petite-fille de France and by marriage to Leopold, Duke of Lorraine, duchess and later regent of Lorraine and Bar. She...
Marie Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans
Marie Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans, Duchess of Berry (20 August 1695 in Palace of Versailles – 21 July 1719 in Paris) was a member of the House of Orléans who married Charles, Duke of Berry.
L...
Charles III of Spain
Charles III (Spanish: Carlos; Italian: Carlo; 20 January 1716 – 14 December 1788) was the King of Spain and the Spanish Indies from 1759 to 1788. He was the fifth son of Philip V of Spain, but eldest ...
Marie Antoinette
Marie Antoinette (/məˈriː æntwəˈnɛt/ or /æntwɑːˈnɛt/; [maʁi ɑ̃twanɛt]; baptised Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna; 2 November 1755 – 16 October 1793), born an Archduchess of Austria, was Dauphine of Franc...
Charlotte Aglaé d'Orléans
Charlotte Aglaé d'Orléans, (20 October 1700 – 19 January 1761) was the Duchess of Modena and Reggio by marriage. She was the third daughter of Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, and of his wife, Françoise-...
John Dix Fisher
John Dix Fisher, (March 27, 1797] – March 3, 1850), physician and founder of Perkins Institution for the Blind in Boston, Massachusetts, was born in Needham, Massachusetts, the youngest of the six son...
ACAM2000
ACAM2000 is a smallpox vaccine developed by Acambis. It was approved for use in the United States by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on 31 August 2007. It contains live vaccinia virus, clo...
Vaccinov
Vaccinov was the name given to the first Russian to receive the cowpox vaccine against smallpox. He was named as the "son of the vaccine," given a pension, and observed all his life.
1974 smallpox epidemic in India
The 1974 smallpox epidemic of India was one of the worst smallpox epidemics of 20th century.At least 15,000 people died of smallpox between January to May 1974, mainly in the Indian states of Bihar, O...
Donald Henderson
Donald Ainslie Henderson (born September 7, 1928), known as D.A. Henderson, is an American physician and epidemiologist, who headed the international effort during the 1960s to eradicate smallpox. As ...
Alastrim
Alastrim, also known as variola minor, is the milder strain of the variola virus that causes smallpox. Variola minor is of the genus orthopoxvirus, which are DNA viruses that replicate in the cytopla...
Vaccine Revolt
The Vaccine Revolt or Vaccine Rebellion (Portuguese: Revolta da Vacina) was a period of civil disorder which occurred in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (10–16 November 1904).
At the beginning ...
Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
Francis I (German: Franz Stefan; Italian: Francesco Stefano; English: Francis Stephen; 8 December 1708 – 18 August 1765) was Holy Roman Emperor and Grand Duke of Tuscany, though his wife effectively e...
History of smallpox
The history of smallpox extends into pre-history; the disease likely emerged in human populations about 10,000 BC. The earliest credible evidence of smallpox is found in the Egyptian mummies of people...
Maria Luisa of Parma
Maria Luisa of Parma (9 December 1751 – 2 January 1819) was Queen consort of Spain from 1788 to 1808 as the wife of King Charles IV of Spain. She was the youngest daughter of Philip, Duke of Parma and...
John Mudge
John Mudge (1721 – 26 March 1793) was an English physician and amateur creator of telescope mirrors. He won the Copley Medal in 1777 for a paper on reflecting telescopes.
He was the fourth a...
Louise de La Vallière
Louise de La Vallière (Françoise Louise de La Baume Le Blanc; 6 August 1644 – 7 June 1710) was a mistress of Louis XIV of France from 1661 to 1667. She later became the Duchess of La Vallière an...
Peter Plett
Peter Plett (29 December 1766 – 29 March 1823) was a German teacher and pioneer of smallpox vaccine from Schleswig-Holstein. His work with smallpox vaccine, undertaken in the early 1790s before simila...
1947 New York City smallpox outbreak
The 1947 New York City smallpox outbreak occurred in March, 1947 and was declared ended on April 24, 1947. The outbreak marked two milestones for America. The first, it was the largest mass vaccinatio...
Sophia Dorothea of Hanover
Sophia Dorothea of Hanover (26 March [O.S. 16 March] 1687 – 28 June 1757) was a Queen consort in Prussia as wife of Frederick William I. She was the sister of George ...
Hemorrhagic smallpox
Hemorrhagic smallpox, sometimes called bloody pox, fulminant smallpox, and blackpox, is a severe and rare form of smallpox and is usually fatal. Like all forms of smallpox it is caused by the variola ...
William Foege
William Herbert Foege M.D., M.P.H.(/ˈfeɪɡiː/; born 1936 in Decorah, Iowa) is an American epidemiologist who is credited with "devising the global strategy that led to the eradication of smallpox in th...
Marie Anne de Bourbon
Marie Anne de Bourbon, Légitimée de France (2 October 1666 – 3 May 1739) was the eldest legitimised daughter (fille légitimée de France) of King Louis XIV of France and his mistress Louise de La...