Economic history of Germany
Germany before 1800 was heavily rural, with some urban trade centers. In the 19th century it began a stage of rapid economic growth and modernization, led by heavy industry. By 1900 it had the larges...
History of rail transport in Germany
German Railway history began with the opening of the steam-hauled Bavarian Ludwig Railway between Nuremberg and Fürth on 7 December 1835. This had been preceded by the opening of the horse-hauled Pri...
Hyperinflation in the Weimar Republic
The hyperinflation in the Weimar Republic was a three-year period of hyperinflation in the Weimar Republic (modern-day Germany) between June 1921 and January 1924.
In order to pay the large costs ...
Economy of Nazi Germany
World War I and the subsequent Treaty of Versailles with its severe reparations imposed on Germany led to a decade of economic woes, including hyperinflation in the mid-1920s. Following the Wall Stre...
German reparations for World War II
After World War II, both West Germany and East Germany were obliged to pay war reparations to the Allied governments, according to the Potsdam Conference. Other Axis nations were obliged to pay war re...
Economic history of the German reunification
On July 1, 1990, the economies of the two Germanys became one. It was the first time in history that a capitalist and a socialist economy had suddenly become one, and there were no precise guidelines ...
Economy of East Germany
Like other states which were members of the Comecon, the German Democratic Republic (GDR – East Germany) had a centrally planned economy (CPE) similar to the one in the former Soviet Union, in contras...
German inventions
The following list is composed of items, techniques and processes that were invented by or discovered by people from Germany or German-speaking Europe.
Economy of West Germany
Germany before 1800 was heavily rural, with some urban trade centers. In the 19th century it began a stage of rapid economic growth and modernization, led by heavy industry. By 1900 it had the larges...
Friedrich Gottlob Keller
Friedrich Gottlob Keller (born June 27, 1816 in Hainichen, Saxony – died September 8, 1895 in Krippen, Saxony) was a German machinist and inventor, who (at the same time as Charles Fenerty) invented t...
Völklingen Ironworks
The Völklingen Ironworks (German: Völklinger Hütte) is located in the German town of Völklingen, Saarland. In 1994, it was declared by UNESCO as a World Heritage site.It is an anchor point of the ...
Secret Meeting of 20 February 1933
The Secret Meeting of 20 February 1933 (German: Geheimtreffen vom 20. Februar 1933) was a secret meeting between Adolf Hitler and 20 to 25 industrialists at the official residence of Hermann Görin...
Restatement of Policy on Germany
1946 newsreel"Restatement of Policy on Germany" is a famous speech by James F. Byrnes, the United States Secretary of State, held in Stuttgart on September 6, 1946.Also known as the "Speech of hop...
GARIOA
Government and Relief in Occupied Areas (GARIOA) was a program under which the US after the 1945 end of World War II from 1946 onwards provided emergency aid to the occupied nations, Japan, Germany, ...
Wära
The Wära was a demurrage-charged currency used in Germany introduced in the late 1920s as a free economy experiment in various places around Germany. It was introduced by Hans Timm and Helmut Rödiger,...
Agreement on German External Debts
The London Agreement on German External Debts, also known as the London Debt Agreement (German: Londoner Schuldenabkommen), was a debt relief treaty between the Federal Republic of Germany and credit...
American food policy in occupied Germany
American food policy in occupied Germany refers to the food supply policies enacted by the U.S., and to some extent its dependent Allies, in the western occupation zones of Germany in the first two ye...
IPS panel
IPS (In-plane switching) is a screen technology used for liquid crystal displays (LCDs). It was designed to solve the main limitations of the twisted nematic field effect (TN) matrix LCDs in the late ...
A. Schaaffhausen'scher Bank Association
The corporation of A. Schaaffhausen'scher Bank Association (German: A. Schaaffhausen'scher Bankverein) was a bank based in Cologne and was the first joint stock company legally recognised as a ban...
Taximeter
A taximeter is a mechanical or electronic device installed in taxicabs and auto rickshaws that calculates passenger fares based on a combination of distance travelled and waiting time. It is the shor...
Prussian reforms
The Prussian reforms were a series of constitutional, administrative, social and economic reforms of the kingdom of Prussia. They are sometimes known as the Stein-Hardenberg Reforms after Karl Freiher...
South German gulden
The Gulden was the currency of the states of southern Germany between 1754 and 1873. These states included Bavaria, Baden, Württemberg, Frankfurt and Hohenzollern.This specific Gulden was based on the...