Criticism of Judaism
Criticism of Judaism has existed since Judaism's formative stages, as with many other religions.
In many religions ex-members and excommunicates became known for doctrinal disputes with their form...
Personal god
A personal god is a deity who can be related to as a person instead of as an impersonal force, such as the Absolute, "the All", or the "Ground of Being".In the scriptures of the Abrahamic religions, G...
Philosophy of Spinoza
Spinoza's philosophy encompasses nearly every area of philosophical discourse, including metaphysics, epistemology, political philosophy, ethics, philosophy of mind and philosophy of science. It earne...
Philosophy of Spinoza - Wikipedia
Supersessionism
Supersessionism, also called replacement theology or fulfillment theology, is a Christian theological view on the current status of the church in relation to the Jewish people and Judaism. Supersessio...
Marcionism
Marcionism was an Early Christian dualist belief system that originated in the teachings of Marcion of Sinope at Rome around the year 144.Marcion believed Jesus was the savior sent by God, and Paul th...
Marcionism - Wikipedia
New Perspective on Paul
The new perspective on Paul is a significant shift in the way some scholars, especially Protestant scholars, interpret the writings of the Apostle Paul.Paul, especially in his Epistle to the Romans, a...
Paul the Apostle and Judaism
The relationship between Paul the Apostle and Second Temple Judaism continues to be the subject of much scholarly research, as it is thought that Paul played an important role in the relationship betw...
Paul the Apostle and Judaism - Wikipedia
George Van Horn Moseley
George Van Horn Moseley (September 28, 1874 – November 7, 1960) was a United States Army general. Following his retirement in 1938, he became controversial for his fiercely anti-immigrant and antisem...
George Van Horn Moseley - Wikipedia
Tractatus Theologico-Politicus
Written by the Dutch philosopher Baruch Spinoza, the Tractatus Theologico-Politicus or Theologico-Political Treatise was one of the most controversial texts of the early modern period. It was a preemp...
Riccoldo da Monte di Croce
Riccoldo da Monte di Croce or Ricoldo of Monte Croce (Pennini, that is "son of Pennino"; Latin: Ricoldus de Monte Crucis), c. 1243 – 1320, was an Italian Dominican monk, travel writer, missionary,...
Riccoldo da Monte di Croce - Wikipedia
Judaism and capital punishment
Most major world religions take varied positions on the morality of capital punishment. Religions are often based on a body of teachings, such as the Old Testament and the Qur'an, which contain many c...
August Rohling
August Rohling (15 February 1839 at Neuenkirchen, Province of Westphalia, Prussia – 23 January 1931 in Salzburg) was a German Catholic theologian, student of anti-Semitic texts, and polemical au...
Disputation of Barcelona
The Disputation of Barcelona (July 20–24, 1263) was a formal ordered medieval debate between representatives of Christianity and Judaism regarding whether or not Jesus was the Messiah. It was held at...
Disputation of Barcelona - Wikipedia
Disputation of Tortosa
The Disputation of Tortosa was one the famous ordered disputations between Christians and Jews of the Middle Ages, held in the years 1413–1414 in the city of Tortosa, Spain. It was not free and authen...
Wars involving Israel
Since its establishment in 1948, the State of Israel has fought seven recognized wars, two Palestinian intifadas, and a series of armed conflicts in the broader Arab-Israeli conflict.
Israel has b...
Wars involving Israel - Wikipedia
Crime in Israel
Crime in Israel is present in various forms which include drug trafficking, arms trafficking, burglary, car theft, human trafficking, etc.
Organised crime has increased dramatically in Israel sinc...
Crime in Israel - Wikipedia
Walter Richard Cassels
Walter Richard Cassels (London 4 September 1826 – 10 June 1907) is the speculated author of the anonymous work Supernatural Religion.
Born in London to a British consular official, Walter spent mo...
Criticism of Moses
Moses was an important figure in the Hebrew Bible and the Qur'an, and is considered a prophet by most Abrahamic faiths. His prominence in religious literature has made him a popular target for biblica...
Albert Mohler
Richard Albert Mohler, Jr. (born October 19, 1959), is an American theologian and the ninth president of The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville, Kentucky.
Mohler is a native of La...
Albert Mohler - Wikipedia
The Bible and violence

The Hebrew Bible contains many passages which are against a violent approach, with others that describe violence.The Torah, the Tanakh and related literature write extensively concerning peace, a...
Amalekites
Amalek (Hebrew: עֲמָלֵק,  Amalek,  ʻĂmālēq) is a figure in the Hebrew Bible. According to the Book of Genesis and 1 Chronicles, Amalek was the son of Eliphaz and the concubine Timna. Timna ...
Amalekites - Wikipedia
Feliks Koneczny
Feliks Karol Koneczny [ˈfɛliks ˈkarɔl kɔˈnɛtʂnɨ] (November 1, 1862, Kraków – February 10, 1949, Kraków) was a Polish historian and social philosopher. Founder of the original system of the comparative...
Jewish military history
Jewish military history focuses on the military aspect of history of the Jewish people from ancient times until the modern age.
While complete details in the Biblical account of a system of fighti...
Jewish military history - Wikipedia
Kuzari
The Kitab al Khazari (كتاب الخزري), commonly called the Kuzari after the Hebrew name (ספר הכוזרי), is one of the most famous works of the medieval Spanish Jewish philosopher and poet Rabbi Yehuda Hale...
Kuzari - Wikipedia
Persecution of Christians in the New Testament
The persecution of Christians in the New Testament is an important part of the Early Christian narrative which depicts the early Church as being persecuted for their heterodox beliefs by a Jewish esta...
Judaism and war
Normative Judaism is not pacifist and violence is condoned in the service of self-defense. While some biblical texts call for and justify offensive war and have had deep impact in Western culture, th...
Judaism and war - Wikipedia
Blacks and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
From the mid-1800s until 1978, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) had a policy which prevented most men of black African descent from being ordained to the church's lay pri...
Blacks and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints - Wikipedia