Criticism of Judaism
Criticism of Judaism has existed since Judaism's formative stages, as with many other religions.
In many religions ex-members and excommunicates became known for doctrinal disputes with their form...
Personal god
A personal god is a deity who can be related to as a person instead of as an impersonal force, such as the Absolute, "the All", or the "Ground of Being".In the scriptures of the Abrahamic religions, G...
Philosophy of Spinoza
Spinoza's philosophy encompasses nearly every area of philosophical discourse, including metaphysics, epistemology, political philosophy, ethics, philosophy of mind and philosophy of science. It earne...
Supersessionism
Supersessionism, also called replacement theology or fulfillment theology, is a Christian theological view on the current status of the church in relation to the Jewish people and Judaism. Supersessio...
Marcionism
Marcionism was an Early Christian dualist belief system that originated in the teachings of Marcion of Sinope at Rome around the year 144.Marcion believed Jesus was the savior sent by God, and Paul th...
New Perspective on Paul
The new perspective on Paul is a significant shift in the way some scholars, especially Protestant scholars, interpret the writings of the Apostle Paul.Paul, especially in his Epistle to the Romans, a...
Paul the Apostle and Judaism
The relationship between Paul the Apostle and Second Temple Judaism continues to be the subject of much scholarly research, as it is thought that Paul played an important role in the relationship betw...
George Van Horn Moseley
George Van Horn Moseley (September 28, 1874 – November 7, 1960) was a United States Army general. Following his retirement in 1938, he became controversial for his fiercely anti-immigrant and antisem...
Tractatus Theologico-Politicus
Written by the Dutch philosopher Baruch Spinoza, the Tractatus Theologico-Politicus or Theologico-Political Treatise was one of the most controversial texts of the early modern period. It was a preemp...
Council of Jerusalem
Council of Jerusalem (or Apostolic Conference) is a name applied by historians and theologians to a Christian Apostolic Age council that was held in Jerusalem and dated to around the year 50 AD. It is...
Riccoldo da Monte di Croce
Riccoldo da Monte di Croce or Ricoldo of Monte Croce (Pennini, that is "son of Pennino"; Latin: Ricoldus de Monte Crucis), c. 1243 – 1320, was an Italian Dominican monk, travel writer, missionary,...
Judaism and capital punishment
Most major world religions take varied positions on the morality of capital punishment. Religions are often based on a body of teachings, such as the Old Testament and the Qur'an, which contain many c...
E. Michael Jones
Eugene Michael Jones (born May 4, 1948) is a writer, former professor, media commentator and the current editor of Culture Wars magazine (formerly Fidelity Magazine).
He was born in Philadelphia, ...
August Rohling
August Rohling (15 February 1839 at Neuenkirchen, Province of Westphalia, Prussia – 23 January 1931 in Salzburg) was a German Catholic theologian, student of anti-Semitic texts, and polemical au...
Disputation of Barcelona
The Disputation of Barcelona (July 20–24, 1263) was a formal ordered medieval debate between representatives of Christianity and Judaism regarding whether or not Jesus was the Messiah. It was held at...
Wars involving Israel
Since its establishment in 1948, the State of Israel has fought seven recognized wars, two Palestinian intifadas, and a series of armed conflicts in the broader Arab-Israeli conflict.
Israel has b...
Crime in Israel
Crime in Israel is present in various forms which include drug trafficking, arms trafficking, burglary, car theft, human trafficking, etc.
Organised crime has increased dramatically in Israel sinc...
Walter Richard Cassels
Walter Richard Cassels (London 4 September 1826 – 10 June 1907) is the speculated author of the anonymous work Supernatural Religion.
Born in London to a British consular official, Walter spent mo...
Amalekites
Amalek (Hebrew: עֲמָלֵק,  Amalek,  ʻĂmālēq) is a figure in the Hebrew Bible. According to the Book of Genesis and 1 Chronicles, Amalek was the son of Eliphaz and the concubine Timna. Timna ...
Criticism of Moses
Moses was an important figure in the Hebrew Bible and the Qur'an, and is considered a prophet by most Abrahamic faiths. His prominence in religious literature has made him a popular target for biblica...
Albert Mohler
Richard Albert Mohler, Jr. (born October 19, 1959), is an American theologian and the ninth president of The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville, Kentucky.
Mohler is a native of La...
Disputation of Paris
The Disputation of Paris took place in 1240 in the court of the reigning king of France, Louis IX (St. Louis). The forced disputation had four rabbis defending the Talmud against the accusations of a ...
Persecution of Christians in the New Testament
The persecution of Christians in the New Testament is an important part of the Early Christian narrative which depicts the early Church as being persecuted for their heterodox beliefs by a Jewish esta...
Jewish military history
Jewish military history focuses on the military aspect of history of the Jewish people from ancient times until the modern age.
While complete details in the Biblical account of a system of fighti...
Kuzari
The Kitab al Khazari (كتاب الخزري), commonly called the Kuzari after the Hebrew name (ספר הכוזרי), is one of the most famous works of the medieval Spanish Jewish philosopher and poet Rabbi Yehuda Hale...
The Talmud Unmasked
The Talmud Unmasked (Latin: Christianus in Talmud Iudaeorum: sive, Rabbinicae doctrinae Christiani secreta) is book written in 1892 by Justinas Bonaventure Pranaitis (1861–1917). The book, generally...
The Bible and violence

The Hebrew Bible contains many passages which are against a violent approach, with others that describe violence.The Torah, the Tanakh and related literature write extensively concerning peace, a...
Marcion of Sinope
Marcion of Sinope (/ˈmɑrʃən, -ʃiən, -siən/; Greek: Μαρκίων Σινώπης; c. 85 – c. 160) was an important leader in early Christianity. His theology rejected the deity described in the Hebrew Scriptu...