Courtly love
Courtly love (or fine amor) was a medieval European literary conception of love that emphasized nobility and chivalry. Medieval literature is filled with examples of knights setting out on adventures ...
Courtly love - Wikipedia
Minnesang
Minnesang was the tradition of lyric and song writing in Germany which flourished in the 12th century and continued into the 14th century. People who wrote and performed Minnesang are known as Minnesi...
Minnesang - Wikipedia
Troubadour
A troubadour (/ˈtruːbədʊər/, [tʁubaduʁ]; Occitan: trobador, [tɾuβaˈðu], [tɾuβaˈðor]) was a composer and performer of Old Occitan lyric poetry during the High Middle Ages (1100–1350). Since the wo...
Troubadour - Wikipedia
Reinmar von Brennenberg
Reinmar von Brennenberg (or Reinmar der Brennenberger) was a minnesinger and ministerialis to the Bishop of Regensburg in the 13th century.
The family were ministeriales in the Upper Palatinate in...
Reinmar von Brennenberg - Wikipedia
Erec and Enide
Erec and Enide (French: Érec et Énide) is the first of Chrétien de Troyes' five romance poems, completed around 1170. It is one of three completed works by the author. Consisting of about 7000 lin...
Erec and Enide - Wikipedia
Ademar de Rocaficha
Ademar de Rocaficha (circa 1200 ?) was a troubadour, probably from Roquefixade in the County of Foix. He wrote at least two cansos, "Ges per freg ni per calor" and "Si amors fos conoissens", and ...
Vitslav III, Prince of Rügen
Vitslav III (1265/8–1325), variously called Vislav, Vizlav, Wislaw, Wizlaw and Witslaw in English sources, was the last Slavic ruler of the Danish Principality of Rugia. He is often identified ...
Vitslav III, Prince of Rügen - Wikipedia
Arnaut de Mareuil
Arnaut de Mareuil (fl. late 12th century) was a troubadour, composing lyric poetry in the Occitan language. Twenty-five, perhaps twenty-nine, of his songs, all cansos, survive, six with music. Accordi...
Arnaut de Mareuil - Wikipedia
Bernger von Horheim
Bernger von Horheim was a Rhenish Minnesänger of the late twelfth century. He wrote in the tradition of courtly love and was influenced by Friedrich von Hausen. Bernger may originate from Horrheim in ...
Bernger von Horheim - Wikipedia
Dalfi d'Alvernha
Dalfi d'Alvernha (French: Dauphin d'Auvergne) was the Count of Clermont and Montferrand, a troubadour and a patron of troubadours. He was born around 1150 and died in 1234 or 1235. He is sometimes...
Dalfi d'Alvernha - Wikipedia
John I, Duke of Brabant
John I of Brabant, also called John the Victorious (1252/1253 – 3 May 1294) was Duke of Brabant (1267–1294), Lothier and Limburg (1288–1294).
Born at Leuven, he was the son of He...
John I, Duke of Brabant - Wikipedia
Guiron le Courtois
Guiron le Courtois is a character in Arthurian legend, a knight-errant and one of the central figures in the French romance known as Palamedes, with later versions named Guiron le Courtois and the Com...
Confessio Amantis
Confessio Amantis ("The Lover's Confession") is a 33,000-line Middle English poem by John Gower, which uses the confession made by an ageing lover to the chaplain of Venus as a frame story for a colle...
Guilhem Anelier
Guilhem Anelier de Tolosa (also William or Guillaume) was a troubadour from Languedoc. He was the author of a thirteenth-century Occitan epic poem La Guerra de Navarra, recounting the civil war in Nav...
Roman de la Rose
The Roman de la Rose ([ʁɔmɑ̃ də la ʁoz]; "Romance of the Rose"), is a medieval French poem styled as an allegorical dream vision. It is a notable instance of courtly literature. The work's stated purp...
Roman de la Rose - Wikipedia
Albrecht von Rapperswil
Albrecht von Rapperswil (also Raprechtswil, fl. ca. 1280) is one of the Minnesingers featured in the Codex Manesse. He was a ministerialis in the service of the counts of Rapperswil, in the rank of a...
Albrecht von Rapperswil - Wikipedia
Amoros dau Luc
Amoros dau Luc was a troubadour who wrote a satirical sirventes, "En Chantarel, sirventes ab motz plas", urging Henry III of England and his ally, Peter of Brittany, in their campaign in France in 123...
Pontus and Sidonia
Pontus and Sidonia is a medieval prose roman, originally composed in French in ca. 1400, known as Ponthus et la belle Sidonie, possibly by Geoffroy IV de la Tour Landry (d. 1391) or by another membe...
Pontus and Sidonia - Wikipedia
The Allegory of Love
The Allegory of Love: A Study in Medieval Tradition (1936), by C. S. Lewis (ISBN 0192812203), is an influential exploration of the allegorical treatment of love in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance....
The Allegory of Love - Wikipedia
Friedrich von Hausen
Friedrich von Hausen (Middle High German: Friderich von Hûsen) was a mediaeval German poet, one of the earliest of the Minnesingers; born some time between 1150–60; d. 6 May 1190. His name is mentione...
Friedrich von Hausen - Wikipedia
Alfonso II of Aragon
Alfonso II (1×25 March 1157 – 25 April 1196), called the Chaste or the Troubadour, was the King of Aragon and, as Alfons I, the Count of Barcelona from 1164 until his death. He was the son of the coun...
Alfonso II of Aragon - Wikipedia
Cligès

Cligès is a poem by the medieval French poet Chrétien de Troyes, dating from around 1176. Cligès is the second of five Arthurian Romances; Erec and Enide, Cligès, Yvain, Lancelot and Perceval. I...
At de Mons
N'At de Mons was a troubadour of the latter half of the thirteenth century. He was from Mons, near Toulouse. Kings James I of Aragon (1213–76) and Alfonso X of Castile (1252–84) acted as his patrons a...
Aimeric de Sarlat
Aimeric de Sarlat (fl. c. 1200) was a troubadour from Sarlat in the Périgord. According to his vida he rose by talent from the rank of jongleur to troubadour, but composed only one song, though four c...
Aimeric de Sarlat - Wikipedia
Princesse lointaine
A princess lointaine or princesse lointaine, (in French, "distant princess") is a stock character from medieval romances. The romantic interest of many knights errant, she was usually a woman of much...
Audric del Vilar
Aldric or Audric del Vilar was the twelfth-century lord of Auvillar and a troubadour. According to the vida of Marcabru, he raised the young Marcabru. This may in fact be derived by Marcabru's biograp...
Heinrich Frauenlob
Heinrich Frauenlob (between 1250-1260 – 29 November 1318), sometimes known as Henry of Meissen (Heinrich von Meißen), was a Middle High German poet and minnesinger. The nickname Frauenlob (Middle High...
Heinrich Frauenlob - Wikipedia
Casket with Scenes of Romances (Walters 71264)
The object called by the museum Casket with Scenes of Romances (catalogued as Walters 71264) is a French Gothic ivory casket made in Paris between 1330 and 1350, and now in the Walters Art Museum, Bal...
Casket with Scenes of Romances (Walters 71264) - Wikipedia
List of troubadours and trobairitz
This is a list of troubadours and trobairitz. It is composed of medieval figures who are known to have written lyric verse in the Occitan language.
Châtelaine de Vergy
The Châtelaine de Vergi or Chastelaine de Vergi is an anonymously-written short 13th century romance of courtly love in old French.
The poem consists of approximately 958 lines of verse in 8 sylla...