Controversies related to Islam and Muslims
Criticism of Islam has existed since Islam's formative stages. Early written criticism came from Christians, prior to the ninth century, many of whom viewed Islam as a radical Christian heresy. Hindus...
Controversies related to Islam and Muslims - Wikipedia
ISIS Fighter Executes His Mother, Rights Groups Say
An ISIS fighter has executed his own mother before a public audience in Raqqa, an expat Syrian rights group said. The 20-year-old killed his mother in the Syrian city of Raqqa, ISIS' de facto capital,...
Medieval Christian views on Muhammad
During the Early Middle Ages, the Christian world largely viewed Islam as a Christological heresy and Muhammad as a false prophet. By the Late Middle Ages, Islam was more typically grouped with heathe...
Medieval Christian views on Muhammad - Wikipedia
Regensburg lecture
The Regensburg lecture was delivered on 12 September 2006 by Pope Benedict XVI at the University of Regensburg in Germany, where he had once served as a professor of theology. It was entitled "Faith,...
Regensburg lecture - Wikipedia
Historicity of Muhammad
Muslim religious scholars rely primarily for their understanding of the life of Muhammad on the Qur'an, which gives very little information, and whose historicity has been questioned, and on the sīra ...
Historicity of Muhammad - Wikipedia
History of the Qur'an
The history of the Quran refers to the revelation of the Quran to Islamic prophet Muhammad, and its subsequent compilation. It spans several decades and forms an important part of early Islamic histor...
History of the Qur'an - Wikipedia
Criticism of Hadith
The criticism of Hadith refers to critique directed towards canonised reports concerning the deeds and sayings of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad that are known as (the) Hadith. The criticism revo...
Historiography of early Islam
The historiography of early Islam refers to the study of the early history of Islam during the 7th century, from Muhammad's first revelations in AD 610 until the disintegration of the Rashidun Calip...
Criticism of Muhammad
Criticism of Muhammad has existed since the 7th century, when Muhammad was decried by his non-Muslim Arab contemporaries for preaching monotheism. During the Middle Ages he was frequently seen in Euro...
Criticism of Muhammad - Wikipedia
Criticism of the Qur'an
While the Quran is the scriptural foundation of Islam, criticism of the Quran has frequently occurred. Critics have made allegations of scientific, theological, and historical errors, claims of contra...
Islamic views on slavery
Islamic views on slavery first developed out of the slavery practices of pre-Islamic Arabia, and were at times radically different, depending on social-political factors such as the Arab slave trade.I...
Islamic views on slavery - Wikipedia
Apostasy in Islam
Apostasy in Islam (Arabic: ردة riddah or ارتداد irtidād) is commonly defined as the conscious abandonment of Islam by a Muslim in word or through deed. It includes the act of converting to another rel...
Apostasy in Islam - Wikipedia
LGBT topics and Islam
LGBT and Islam is influenced by the religious, legal and cultural history of the nations with a sizable Muslim population, along with specific passages in the Qur'an and statements attributed to the I...
LGBT topics and Islam - Wikipedia
Multiculturalism and Islam
The relationship between multiculturalism and Islam is an important aspect in the overall debate on the soundness of the modern doctrine of multiculturalism.
In an article in the Hudson Review, Br...
Muslim historians
The following is a list of Muslim historians writing in the Islamic historiographical tradition, which developed from hadith literature in the time of the first caliphs. This list is focused on pre-m...
ISIS Fighter Executes His Mother, Rights Groups Say
An ISIS fighter has executed his own mother before a public audience in Raqqa, an expat Syrian rights group said. The 20-year-old killed his mother in the Syrian city of Raqqa, ISIS' de facto capital,...
Wahy
Wahi (Arabic: وحي‎ waḥy, [waħj]) is the Arabic word for revelation. In Islamic belief, revelations are God's Word delivered by His chosen individuals – known as Messengers prophets – to the ...
Prophetic biography
The Sīrat Rasūl Allāh (Life of the Messenger of God; Arabic: سيرة رسول الله‎) or Al-sīra al-Nabawiyya (Prophetic biography; Arabic: السيرة النبوية‎) or just Al-sīra, is the Arabic ...
Quran and miracles
Muslims consider the Quran, the holy book of Islam, as the word of God and a miracle. According to Islamic tradition, the Quran was revealed miraculously to Muhammad by Allah (God) through angel, Jibr...
Science of hadith
Hadith studies (Arabic: علم الحديث‎ ʻilm al-ḥadīth "knowledge of hadith") are a number of religious disciplines used in the study and evaluation of the Islamic hadith by Muslim scholar...
Gay Muslims
Gay Muslims (2006) is a Channel 4 documentary about how the experiences of five lesbian and gay Muslims challenge the heterosexual bias within their British communities and illustrate the diversity wi...
Legends and the Quran
This article considers the relationship between the Qur'an, the central religious text of Islam, and pre-Islamic mythology and legends.Early in Islamic history, debates over the role of Jewish mytholo...
Legends and the Quran - Wikipedia
Ghilman
Ghilman (singular Arabic: غُلاَم‎ ghulām , plural غِلْمَان ghilmān ) describes either young servants in paradise or slave-soldiers in the Abbasid, Ottoman, and Persian Safavid...
Judaism's views on Muhammad
Very few texts in Judaism refer to or take note of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. Those that do, reject Muhammad's proclamation of receiving divine revelations from God and label him instead as a fals...
Mamluk
Mamluk (Arabic: مملوك mamlūk (singular), مماليك mamālīk (plural), meaning "property" or "owned slave" of the king, or 'white slave'; also transliterated as mamlouk, mamluq, mamluke, mameluk, mameluke,...
Mamluk - Wikipedia
Biographical evaluation
Biographical evaluation (Arabic: عِلْمُ الرِّجال, translit.: `Ilm al-Rijāl), literally meaning 'Knowledge of Men' but more commonly understood as the Science of Narration, refers to a disci...
Islamic marital jurisprudence
In Islamic law (sharia), marriage (zawaj زواج) is a legal bond and social contract between a man and a woman. In Islam, marriage is not compulsory and a Muslim has the right to live a single life if h...
Islamic marital jurisprudence - Wikipedia
Hadith terminology
Hadith terminology (Arabic: مُصْطَلَحُ الحَدِيْث‎ muṣṭalaḥ al-ḥadīth) is the body of terminology in Islam which specifies the acceptability of the sayings (hadith) attributed to the pr...
Arab slave trade
The Arab slave trade was the practice of slavery in the Arab world, mainly in Western Asia, North Africa, Southeast Africa, the Horn of Africa and certain parts of Europe (such as Iberia and Sicily) b...
Arab slave trade - Wikipedia
Muhammad and slavery
Muhammad restricted the traditional means of enslavement, and urged compassion and moderation as the general rule for their treatment. He enforced emancipation as the necessary atonement for having as...