Cognitive inertia
Cognitive inertia refers to the tendency for beliefs or sets of beliefs to endure once formed. In particular, cognitive inertia describes the human inclination to rely on familiar assumptions and exhi...
Cesare Cremonini (philosopher)
Cesare Cremonini, sometimes Cesare Cremonino ([ˈtʃezare kremoˈnini]; 22 December 1550 – 19 July 1631) was an Italian professor of natural philosophy, working rationalism (against revelation) and Arist...
Confirmation bias
Confirmation bias, also called myside bias, is the tendency to search for, interpret, or recall information in a way that confirms one's beliefs or hypotheses. It is a type of cognitive bias and a sys...
Vincenzo Maculani
Vincenzo Maculani (11 September 1578 - 16 February 1667) was an Italian Catholic Cardinal, inquisitor and military architect. He was known as a severe man, harsh and without compassion, who preferred ...
Giovanni Francesco Sagredo
Giovanni Francesco Sagredo (1571– 5 March 1620) was a Venetian mathematician and close friend of Galileo, who wrote:Many years ago I was often to be found in the marvelous city of Venice, in dis...
Robert Sungenis
Robert A. Sungenis (born 1955) is an American Catholic author of apologetic and polemical works critiquing the Protestant doctrines of Faith Alone and Scripture Alone. He is the founder and president ...
Filippo Salviati
Filippo Salviati (1582 – 22 March 1614) was an Italian scientist and astronomer from a noble Florentine family. He was a senator of Florence and a member of the Accademia dei Lincei.In his friend Gali...
Argumentum ad lapidem
Argumentum ad lapidem (Latin: "to the stone") is a logical fallacy that consists in dismissing a statement as absurd without giving proof of its absurdity. The form of argument employed by such dismis...
Crank (person)
"Crank" is a pejorative term used for a person who holds an unshakable belief that most of his or her contemporaries consider to be false. A crank belief is so wildly at variance with those commonly h...
True-believer syndrome
True-believer syndrome is an informal or rhetorical term used by M. Lamar Keene in his 1976 book The Psychic Mafia. Keene used the term to refer to people who continued to believe in a paranormal even...
Giordano Bruno
Giordano Bruno ([dʒorˈdano ˈbruno]; Latin: Iordanus Brunus Nolanus; 1548 – 17 February 1600), born Filippo Bruno, was an Italian Dominican friar, philosopher, mathematician, poet, and astrologer. ...
Semmelweis reflex
The Semmelweis reflex or "Semmelweis effect" is a metaphor for the reflex-like tendency to reject new evidence or new knowledge because it contradicts established norms, beliefs or paradigms.The term ...
Galileo affair
The Galileo affair (Italian: Processo a Galileo Galilei) was a sequence of events, beginning around 1610, culminating with the trial and condemnation of Galileo Galilei by the Roman Catholic Inqui...
Conservatism (belief revision)
In cognitive psychology and decision science, conservatism or conservatism bias is a bias in human information processing. This bias describes human belief revision in which persons over-weigh the pri...
And Yet It Moves
And Yet It Moves is a platform video game developed by independent developer Broken Rules. The game was released for Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux on April 2, 2009, and a Wii port was release...
Planck's principle
In sociology of scientific knowledge, Planck's principle is the view that scientific change does not occur because individual scientists change their mind, but rather that successive generations of sc...
Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems
The Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems (Dialogo sopra i due massimi sistemi del mondo) was a 1632 Italian-language book by Galileo Galilei comparing the Copernican system with the traditi...
Experimenter's bias
In experimental science, experimenter's bias, also known as research bias, is a subjective bias towards a result expected by the human experimenter. For example, it occurs when scientists unconsciousl...
Attitude polarization
Attitude polarization, also known as belief polarization and polarization effect, is a phenomenon in which a disagreement becomes more extreme as the different parties consider evidence on the issue. ...
Illusory correlation
Illusory correlation is the phenomenon of perceiving a relationship between variables (typically people, events, or behaviors) even when no such relationship exists. A common example of this phenomeno...