Bureaucracy
A bureaucracy(/bjuːˈɒkrəsi/) is "a body of non-elective government officials" and/or "an administrative policy-making group". Historically, bureaucracy was government administration managed by departm...
Aug 2, 216BC-Ancient Rome’s Darkest Day: The Battle Of Cannae
Republican Rome was pushed to the brink of collapse on August 2, 216 B.C., when the Carthaginian general Hannibal annihilated at least 50,000 of its legionaries at the Second Punic War’s Battle of Can...
Ancient Tattooed Aryan Mummies of Asia
Central Asian Caucasoids, tall people with red or blond hair and light eyes, had long been the subject of ancient Chinese legend. Then, in the early 20th century, archeologists digging in the Tarim Ba...
The Newly Discovered Tablet V Of The Epic Of Gilgamesh
After the US-led invasion of Iraq and the dramatic looting of Iraqi and other museums, the Sulaymaniyah Museum (directed by the council of ministers of Iraqi Kurdistan) started an initiative. They pai...
The City in Decline: Rome in Late Antiquity
This paper addresses the question of what happens to cities in long-term decline. It uses as an example perhaps the most famous such city, Rome, whose population declined from about a million persons...
The Rise and Fall of Sumer and Akkad
The Sumerians were the first known people to settle in Mesopotamia over 7,000 years ago. Located in the southernmost part of Mesopotamia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers (modern day Iraq), Sum...
Gateway to the Heavens: The Assyrian Account to the Tower of Babel
The story of the construction of a tower in Babel, which resulted in the confounding of language has also confounded modern scholars. The Book of Genesis tells of a time in which all of the world&rsqu
The Rape of the Sabine Women
According to tradition, the city of Rome was founded in the 8th century B.C. by Romulus. The Roman historian Livy wrote that the city of Rome grew strong quickly, and was able to defend itself against
Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia (/ˌmɛsəpəˈteɪmiə/, from the Ancient Greek: Μεσοποταμία "[land] between rivers"; Arabic: بلاد الرافدين‎ (bilād al-rāfidayn); Syriac: ܒܝܬ ܢܗܪܝܢ (Beth Nahrain) "land of riv...
Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome was an Italic civilization that began on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 8th century BC. Located along the Mediterranean Sea and centered on the city of Rome, it expanded to become ...
Ancient China
Written records of the history of China can be found from as early as 1200 BC under the Shang dynasty (c. 1700–1046 BC). Ancient historical texts such as the Records of the Grand Historian (ca. 100 BC...
Myrtilis Iulia
Myrtilis Iulia was the Roman name given to present day Mértola, Portugal.During Classical Antiquity, Mértola was inhabited by Phoenicians, Carthaginians and finally the Romans, who called it Myrtilis ...
Aug 2, 216BC-Ancient Rome’s Darkest Day: The Battle Of Cannae
Republican Rome was pushed to the brink of collapse on August 2, 216 B.C., when the Carthaginian general Hannibal annihilated at least 50,000 of its legionaries at the Second Punic War’s Battle of Can...
Diogenes of Cappadocia
Diogenes was a person sent by Orophernes, usurper of Cappadocia, together with Timotheus, as ambassador to Rome in 157 BC, to carry to Rome a golden crown, and to renew the friendship and alliance wit...
Lucius Roscius Fabatus
Lucius Roscius Fabatus (ca. 95–90 BC – 43 BC) was a military officer and politician of the late Roman Republic.Belonging to the plebeian gens Roscii, he was probably born around 95–90 BC in Lanuvium, ...
Ancient Tattooed Aryan Mummies of Asia
Central Asian Caucasoids, tall people with red or blond hair and light eyes, had long been the subject of ancient Chinese legend. Then, in the early 20th century, archeologists digging in the Tarim Ba...
The Newly Discovered Tablet V Of The Epic Of Gilgamesh
After the US-led invasion of Iraq and the dramatic looting of Iraqi and other museums, the Sulaymaniyah Museum (directed by the council of ministers of Iraqi Kurdistan) started an initiative. They pai...
Decimation (Roman army)
Decimation (Latin: decimatio; decem = "ten") was a form of military discipline used by senior commanders in the Roman Army to punish units or large groups guilty of capital offences such as mutin...
Ephrem the Syrian
Ephrem the Syrian (Classical Syriac: ܡܪܝ ܐܦܪܝܡ ܣܘܪܝܝܐ (Mār Aprêm Sûryāyâ); Greek: Ἐφραίμ ὁ Σῦρος; Latin: Ephraem Syrus; ca. 306 – 373) was a Syriac deacon and a prolific Syriac-language hymnog...
Via Nomentana
Via Nomentana is an ancient road of Italy, leading North-East from Rome to Nomentum (modern Mentana), a distance of 23 km (14 mi). It originally bore the name Via Ficulensis, from the old La...
Fall of the Western Roman Empire
The Fall of the Western Roman Empire (also called Fall of the Roman Empire or Fall of Rome) was the period of decline in the Western Roman Empire in which it lost the power to enforce its rule, and...
Claudius Xenophon
Claudius Xenophon (or Xenephon) was a governor of Britannia Inferior, a province of Roman Britain around AD 223. He is named on two milestones with nearly identical texts, which can be dated to that y...
Publius Silius Nerva
Publius Silius Nerva was a Roman politician and general who was consul in 20 BC.
Nerva was the son of a senator who had achieved the rank of propraetor. A partisan of the emperor Augustus, Nerva ...
Urgulania
Urgulania (fl. 24 AD), was a prominent noblewoman during the reigns of Augustus and Tiberius, and a friend of the empress Livia. She was the mother of Marcus Plautius Silvanus (consul in 2 BC), who ha...
Aulus Manlius Capitolinus
Aulus Manlius Capitolinus was a politician of the Roman Republic and the brother of Marcus Manlius Capitolinus.In 389, 385, 383, and 370 BC, he was a Military Tribune with Consular power.
Crepitus (mythology)
Crepitus is an alleged Roman god of flatulence. It is unlikely that Crepitus was ever actually worshipped. The only ancient source for the claim that such a god was ever worshipped comes from Christi...
Sutekh (deity)
or or Set /sɛt/ or Seth (/sɛθ/; also spelled Setesh, Sutekh, Setekh, or Suty) is a god of the desert, storms, disorder, violence and foreigners in ancient Egyptian religion. In Ancient Greek, the go...
Marina Severa
Marina Severa († before 375) was the Empress of Rome and first wife of Emperor Valentinian I. She was the mother of later Emperor Gratian. Her full name is not actually known. Marina Severa is a combi...
Titus Albucius
Titus Albucius, (praetor c. 105 BC) was a noted orator of the late Roman Republic.He finished his studies at Athens at the latter end of the 2nd century BC, and belonged to the Epicurean sect. He was ...
Poppilia
The Popilii Laenates was the name of an ancient Roman Plebs family, who lived during the era of the Roman Republic. The Popilii were known for their cruel and arrogant nature. The gens name Popilii is...