Baruch Spinoza
Baruch Spinoza (/bəˈruːk spɪˈnoʊzə/; born Benedito de Espinosa; 24 November 1632 – 21 February 1677, later Benedict de Spinoza) was a Dutch philosopher. The breadth and importance of Spinoza's work wa...
Ethics (book)
Ethics, Demonstrated in Geometrical Order (Latin: Ethica, ordine geometrico demonstrata), usually known as the Ethics, is a philosophical treatise written by Benedict de Spinoza. It was first publ...
Spinozism
Spinozism (also spelled Spinoza-ism or Spinozaism) is the monist philosophical system of Baruch Spinoza which defines "God" as a singular self-subsistent substance, with both matter and thought being ...
Tractatus Theologico-Politicus
Written by the Dutch philosopher Baruch Spinoza, the Tractatus Theologico-Politicus or Theologico-Political Treatise was one of the most controversial texts of the early modern period. It was a preemp...
Principia philosophiae cartesianae
Principia philosophiae cartesianae or Renati Descartes Principia Philosophiae, More Geometrico Demonstrata is a philosophical work of Baruch Spinoza published in Amsterdam in 1663. In the preface to t...
Affect (philosophy)
Affect (from Latin affectus or adfectus) is a concept used in the philosophy of Baruch Spinoza and elaborated by Henri Bergson, Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari that places emphasis on bodily experie...
Tractatus de Intellectus Emendatione
Tractatus de Intellectus Emendatione (1677) or On The Improvement Of The Understanding, is a seventeenth-century unfinished work of philosophy by the 17th century philosopher Baruch Spinoza.The Tracta...
Nietzsche and Philosophy
Nietzsche and Philosophy (French: Nietzsche et la philosophie) is a 1962 book about Friedrich Nietzsche by philosopher Gilles Deleuze.
Deleuze treats Nietzsche as a systematically coherent phi...
Tractatus Politicus
Tractatus politicus (or Political Treatise) is a political paper by Baruch Spinoza written in 1675–76 and published posthumously in 1677. This paper has the subtitle, "In quo demonstratur, quomodo Soc...
Philosophy of Spinoza
Spinoza's philosophy encompasses nearly every area of philosophical discourse, including metaphysics, epistemology, political philosophy, ethics, philosophy of mind and philosophy of science. It earne...
Opera Posthuma
Baruch Spinoza's Opera Posthuma comprise his works that were published posthumously in 1677, the year of Spinoza's death, by some of his closest friends. Four of these are well known: the Ethica, the ...
Spinoza: Practical Philosophy
Spinoza: Practical Philosophy (French: Spinoza: Philosophie pratique) is a 1970 book by philosopher Gilles Deleuze, his last work published before his collaboration with psychoanalyst Félix Guatta...
Dutch Golden Age
The Dutch Golden Age (Dutch: Gouden Eeuw [ˈɣʌu̯də(n) ˈeːu̯]) was a period in Dutch history, roughly spanning the 17th century, in which Dutch trade, science, military, and art were among the most ...